Project #10404 - Psychology

This is Psychology project. On Module 20- Social Cognitive and Trait Theories.

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.    Using personality characteristics that are relatively stable and enduring to explain behavior is called: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    the trait approach

. 

.     

.    the cognitive-social approach

. 

.     

.    the psychodynamic approach

. 

.     

.    the transactional approach

.     

1 points  

Question 2

.    ?  When the 4-year-olds in the delay of gratification experiment were retested 10 years later: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    high delay and low delay children were now about the same

. 

.     

.    being good at delay was related to many other positive characteristics

. 

.     

.    high delay children had become anxious, worrywart teens

. 

.     

.    many had become Scouts, but, curiously, refused to make S’mores

.     

1 points  

Question 3

.    ?  In his horoscope, Alan reads that he is an interesting person who cares about people. According to the Barnum principle, Alan will: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    reject the assessment because it is too general

. 

.     

.    reject the assessment unless it refers to traits that Alan values

. 

.     

.    accept the assessment because it is generally true for most people

. 

.     

.    accept the assessment only if he believes it fits his personality

.     

1 points  

Question 4

.    ?  Your behavior is the result of an interaction between your traits and the effects of being in a specific situation. This is called: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    behavioral biasing

. 

.     

.    situational behavioral interaction

. 

.     

.    trait-environment duo

. 

.     

.    person-situation interaction

.     

1 points  

Question 5

.    ?  A term used to describe female police officers is ____, while male police officers are described as ____. ?Answer

. 

.     

.    peacekeepers; enforcers

. 

.     

.    negotiators; peacekeepers

. 

.     

.    referees; enforcers

. 

.     

.    enforcers; referees

.     

1 points  

Question 6

.    ?  The purpose of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory is to: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    identify locus of control

. 

.     

.    assess emotional adjustment in people with mental disorders

. 

.     

.    help students determine their learning style

. 

.     

.    reveal unresolved unconscious conflicts

.     

1 points  

Question 7

.    ?  Ross is 35 years old and enjoys collecting stamps. Based on the research described in the textbook, which of the following is most likely to happen to Ross as he ages? ?Answer

. 

.     

.    He will start tinkering with old cars.

. 

.     

.    He will start collecting beer steins.

. 

.     

.    He will start jogging and lifting weights.

. 

.     

.    He will become less dependent on his wife.

.     

1 points  

Question 8

.    ?  Which of the following is an accurate evaluation of the genetic influences on traits? ?Answer

.                 

.                 

.    Data for the five-factor model give a complete portrait of personality.

.                 

.                 

.    40 to 50% of the development of personality traits is attributable to genetic factors.

.                 

.                 

.               Genetic factors do not determine behaviors.

.                 

.                 

.    Traits can be used to effectively predict behaviors across different situations.

.     

1 points  

Question 9

.    ?  An advantage of the social cognitive approach is that: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    it does consider the importance of unconscious motives

. 

.     

.    it has integrated more influential factors than other theories

. 

.     

.    childhood experiences are examined

. 

.     

.    it is based primarily upon the clinical experiences of Albert Bandura

.     

1 points  

Question 10

.    ?  A new television show is watched by millions of teenagers. Parents and teachers have noticed that teenagers are imitating the dress and the language of this television show. Bandura would use the factor of ____ to explain this phenomenon. ?Answer

. 

.     

.    self-analysis

. 

.     

.    self-actualization

. 

.     

.    observational learning

. 

.     

.    locus of control

.     

1 points  

Question 11

.    ?  Why do many Palestinians not criticize suicide bombers? ?Answer

.                 

.                 

.    Palestinians see it as a way to reach Maslow’s level of self-efficacy.

.                 

.                 

.    It is seen as a way to address unconscious conflict of the individual bomber and thus to “cleanse oneself.”

.                 

.                 

.    The government forbids criticism of suicide bombers.

.                 

.                 

.    It’s cultural; they are seen as revered martyrs.

.     

1 points  

Question 12

.    ?  Regarding the development of personality, it is currently believed that: ?Answer

.                 

.                 

.    shared environment has a significant effect on the development of personality

.                 

.                 

.    individual differences in personality can be attributed primarily to heredity

.                 

.                 

.    personality changes most rapidly during adolescence

.                 

.                 

.    heredity has some influence on personality, but environment also has a strong influence

.     

1 points  

Question 13

.    ?  If you think that you can’t successfully go on a diet, lose weight, and keep it off, then you have: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    strong delay of gratification

. 

.     

.    strong self-efficacy

. 

.     

.    Oedipus conflict

. 

.     

.    weak self-efficacy

.     

1 points  

Question 14

.    ?  Between 20 and 30, people generally become: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    less cooperative

. 

.     

.    less self-disciplined

. 

.     

.    less emotional

. 

.     

.    more emotional

.     

1 points  

Question 15

.    ?  According to research cited in your textbook, 4-year-old children who can delay gratification tend to: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    strive for higher achievement

. 

.     

.    get better grades

. 

.     

.    select less preferred rewards

. 

.     

.    become easily frustrated

.     

1 points  

Question 16

.    ?  What barrier did Wangari Maathai face as she founded the Green Belt Movement? ?Answer

. 

.     

.    debilitating neurological disorder

. 

.     

.    sexism

. 

.     

.    external locus of control

. 

.     

.    corruption of the government of Kenya

.     

1 points  

Question 17

.    ?  Which of the following groups share nearly 100% of their genes? ?Answer

. 

.     

.    fraternal twins reared together

. 

.     

.    identical twins reared together

. 

.     

.    fraternal twins reared apart

. 

.     

.    brother and sister born 3 years apart

.     

1 points  

Question 18

.    ?  Juana went to a fortuneteller at the county fair and was amazed at how accurate the fortuneteller was in describing her personality. It is likely that the fortuneteller’s accuracy was due to: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    ESP

. 

.     

.    the Barnum principle

. 

.     

.    inside information

. 

.     

.    projective techniques

.     

1 points  

Question 19

.    ?  In social cognitive theory, the social, political, and cultural influences that impact us are termed: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    conscious forces

. 

.     

.    cognitive-personal factors

. 

.     

.    environmental factors

. 

.     

.    internal factors

.     

1 points  

Question 20

.    ?  Locus of control and self-efficacy are examples of: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    personal factors

. 

.     

.    trait factors

. 

.     

.    unconscious motives

. 

.     

.    cognitive factors

.     

1 points  

Question 21

.             ?  Walter Mischel noted that to predict behavior, we must take into account: ?Answer

.           

.              

.             the situation and the trait

.           

.              

.             the self-efficacy of the subject

.           

.              

.             the validity and reliability of the personality test that was used

.           

.              

.             the obviousness of the behavior

.              

1 points  

Question 22

.    ?  A father is having a discussion with his 15-year-old daughter. He asks what she plans to do with her life. She replies, “I don’t know. Whatever!” Her response best illustrates a(n) ____ locus of control. ?Answer

. 

.     

.    external

. 

.     

.    internal

. 

.     

.    primary

. 

.     

.    secondary

.     

1 points  

Question 23

.    ?  During a meeting Howard presents an idea for a new product. Bobby, who has a tendency to have narrow interests, says, “That new product Howard talks about, it will never work, never, never, never and you can bet on that!” Which of the following traits would be most applicable to Bobby? ?Answer

. 

.     

.    openness

. 

.     

.    conscientiousness

. 

.     

.    extroversion

. 

.     

.    neuroticism

.     

1 points  

Question 24

.    ?  Mischel’s concept of delay of gratification is best related to: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    fixation

. 

.     

.    identity

. 

.     

.    willpower

. 

.     

.    temperament

.     

1 points  

Question 25

.    ?  Luis is about to take an illegal drug. Two friends are standing around him coaxing him claiming he’s a coward if he doesn’t try the drug to prove himself. The social cognitive theory would point to the role of ____ in this example. ?Answer

. 

.     

.    observational learning

. 

.     

.    language ability

. 

.     

.    psychodynamics

. 

.     

.    self-analysis

.     

1 points  

Question 26

.    ?  In social cognitive theory, beliefs, expectations, values, intentions, and social roles are known as: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    cognitive factors

. 

.     

.    dispositional factors

. 

.     

.    personal factors

. 

.     

.    traits

.     

1 points  

Question 27

.    ?  The reliability of the MMPI-2 ranges from: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    .01 to .21

. 

.     

.    .34 to .41

. 

.     

.    .43 to .62

. 

.     

.    .70 to .85

.     

1 points  

Question 28

.    ?  Some companies that use personality tests claim that it has real benefits such as decreases in: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    liability lawsuits

. 

.     

.    absenteeism

. 

.     

.    quantum personality change in employees

. 

.     

.    health insurance payments

.     

1 points  

Question 29

.    ?  One of the key cognitive factors in Bandura’s social cognitive theory is: ?Answer

. 

.     

.    need for social approval

. 

.     

.    observational learning

. 

.     

.    self-actualization

. 

.     

.    unconscious conflicts

.     

1 points  

Question 30

.    ?  In a letter of recommendation you are writing for someone, you use ____ as a short cut in describing their personality. ?Answer

. 

.     

.    cognitive-personal factors

. 

.     

.    traits

. 

.     

.    locus of control

. 

.     

.    self-efficacy

 

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