Project #12247 - 2 Critical Thinking Papers

Critical Thinking #1

This Critical Thinking assignment is designed to provide you experience analyzing articles for inductive and deductive reasoning. The topic is on climate change and global warming. Write an essay that demonstrates your critical analysis of any article within the last two years from the library (See Attached) about Global Warming and Climate Change. The essay should demonstrate your ability to analyze the information presented in the article. You will conclude your essay with an overall critique of the writing, logic, credibility and any other observations of the editorial. Please state your position on climate change, and whether the document persuaded you in any way.

In addition, the essay must include a discussion of your evaluation of the editorial for the following information:

· Identify any rhetorical devices and their use

· Determine whether it is rhetoric versus argument

· Determine the validity

· Analyze the logical development of the claim (if this is the case)

· Identify specific examples using inductive and deductive reasoning

· Identify any syllogisms (at least one)

One major pitfall is the assumption that a belief or an opinion may result from critical thinking. In fact, critical reasoning thinking results in an objective analysis of a topic or claim and is based on fact or truth. This module on deductive and inductive reasoning and logic is designed to facilitate your understanding of these pitfalls. Apply the concepts learned through the textbook readings and learning notes.

 

Your paper should be 2-3 pages in length, well written, and formatted according to guidelines for APA Style.

 

Critical Thinking #2

This Critical Thinking assignment is designed to provide you experience analyzing editorials for fallacies or "dirty tricks" used to win an argument.

Reference a daily or Sunday edition of a newspaper, or use the online New York Times, and look for examples of at least 5 fallacies. The editorial section of the paper is a good place to start. 

In the essay, explain and document what type of fallacy or "dirty tricks" you find. First, cite the specific editorial or article that you are referencing. Analyze the context, the type of fallacy, and why it is fallacy; use approximately two paragraphs for each of the five examples.

There are more than 44 "dirty tricks" that have labels for misleading or fallacious arguments. The following list of dirty tricks will get you started:

Accuse him/her of sliding down a slippery slope

Appeal to authority

Throw in a red herring

Throw in some statistics

Make sweeping, glittering generalizations

Attack the person (not the argument)

Appeal to fear

Use double standards

Rewrite history

Demonize their side, sanitize yours

Ignore the main point

Attack evidence (that undermines our case)

Devise analogies (and metaphors) that support your view (even if they are misleading and false)

Oversimplify the issue

Raise nothing but objections

Apply the concepts learned through the textbook readings and learning notes.

 

Your paper should be 2-3 pages in length, well written, and formatted according to guidelines for APA Style.

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Due By (Pacific Time) 09/15/2013 08:00 am
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