Project #14086 - Ethics in business

Note: It is an assignment about reading textbooks and articles, then define the terms and answer questions.

Textbook: Business& Society ethics, sustainability and stakeholder management. 8e, author: Archie B. Carroll/Ann K. buchholtz.

And I found a textbooks of 7th e, and it not different from 8th . :

FYI: I am an international student, so please be simple of the answer. Thanks you very much!!


Reading Assignment

  • Read Chapter Three in the textbook.
  • Read the Body Shop cases that begin on page 609 in your text.
  • Read McDonald's, Target, Drop Egg Supplier Over Animal Cruelty Charges

Discussion Questions

Please answer the discussion question for Chapter 3 and make at least two responses to other students' postings. The discussion questions can be found in the Discussions link. Your discussion posts will be graded using the Discussion Rubric.

Assignment - Discussion and Case Study II

Submit the assignment in the Assignment section.

The Body Shop: Read all three parts to The Body Shop case study (pp. 609-622 in your text) and answer the following questions. Your answers should be at least one paragraph in length and are to be e-mailed to the instructor. (Do NOT answer the case questions in the book! Only answer the following questions!)

1.    Using the following list of subgroups as a guide, identify the main stakeholders in this case and describe (in your own words) what each stakeholder wants:

o   Institutional Owners

o   Shareholders

o   Management

o   Smaller or Individual Stakeholders

2.    Using the Stakeholder Typology found on pages 81-82, identify what type of stakeholder the journalist (Entine) is and describe how the Body Shop should properly deal with him.

3.    Evaluate Roddick’s management capability. Do you think she is operating at the rational, process, or transactional level? Why?

4.    Explain whether or not you think the Body Shop's social auditing program will save the firm.

5.    Describe how L'Oreal's values align with The Body Shop. 

McDonalds Drops Sparboe

Questions (see article above):

Description: We'll pay you one dollar to watch this four minute vidoe of animal cruety. "

(Used with permission from Mercy for Animals, 2013)

1.     Identify what kind of "stakeholder" Mercy for Animals might be.

2.     Describe how the Triple Bottom Line might help egg producers such as Sparboe.

3.     After reading the article (above) about Sparboe, identify what kind of stakeholder McDonalds might be.  Explain which of these stakeholders had more power.

4.     Do you believe McDonald's move to drop Sparboe demonstrates a commitment to the "triple bottom line"? Why or why not? Take a look at the following article and describe how McDonalds MIGHT be changing:



Reading Assignment

  • Read Chapter Five in the textbook.

Discussion Questions

Please answer the discussion question for Chapter 5 and make at least two responses to other students' postings. Post your answers by choosing Module 2 Chapter 5 Discussion. Your discussion posts will be graded using the Discussion Rubric.

Assignment: Focus on Starbucks

Submit the assignment by selecting Module 2 Assignment.

1.    Describe why CSR is now considered a "strategic issue."

2.    Based on your reading (above), how would you define Starbuck's Enterprise Level Strategy? (Think about this and give it your best shot. Also refer to your text for more on how companies convey ELS.)

3.    Describe why "value statements" should really MEAN something to an organization.

4.    Give an example of how Starbucks "weaves" core values into what they do.

5.    List and describe the three basic organizational values that undergird all others?

6.    Define Global Reporting Initiative.

7.    Mile's Theory of Corporate Social Performance says that a firm's "social performance is a function of business exposure."  Explain what he means.

8.    Describe how a company can incorporate "public affairs thinking" into the organization.

9.    Describe how the concept of "Fair Trade" coffee directly relates to Enterprise Level Strategy at Starbucks.

10.           Reading Assignment:

11.Read chapter eight 


13.           Reading Article:

14.I'm NOT Sorry!

15.           Terms:

16.Define the following terms by typing them on a word document to be e-mailed to the instructor.


18.categorical imperative

19.compensatory justice

20.corporate transparency

21.deontological theories

22.distributive justice

23.The Golden Rule

24.principle of justice

25.principle of rights

26.principle of utilitarianism

27.servant leadership

28.virtue ethics


30.           Discussion Questions:

31.Answer the following questions about the article with a paragraph or two.


33.1.  If a company CEO is abiding by "servant leadership", how would that affect the nature of an apology?

34.2.  Why (in your opinion) are true apologies so rare?

35.3.  How could "the golden rule" apply to this article?



38.           Mini Case Studies:

39.The following mini case studies were written by SCOTT CLARK , a business consultant and columnist based in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.  Use your textbook -chapters seven AND eight (and all articles up to this point in the course) to respond to the following case study questions. 



42.   MINI CASE 1:  The Employee Discount

43.   You run a clothing store and employ several salespeople. A friend comes in and asks you a favor. He has selected a $900 suit off the rack and wants a one-time 50 percent discount. How should you respond?

44.   If you acquiesce, word will spread to others that your business is cut-rate; more customers will expect sizable discounts. Furthermore, if your salespeople witness you acceding to this request, they might be inclined to make special offers to their own friends. Either way, your bottom line will be significantly affected.

45.1.      Which “Kohlberg level” would this ethical issue fit into? 

46.2.      Explain how a person might use the “Utilitarian” principle to explain why they agreed to the discount for their friend.


48.   MINI CASE 2:  The Good Credit Reference (Read the mini case at the following link)

49.   The Good Credit Reference

50.1.      How should Kathy respond?

51.2.      Explain how the “Categorical Imperative” may apply to this dilemma ?


53.   MINI CASE 3:  Phantom Expenses

54.   Phantom Expenses

55.1.      What should Jane do?

56.2.      Explain how the “Means-Ends” argument might be used to justify padding the expenses.

57.3.      Use the “Ethical Tests Approach” to explain why this decision would be wrong.  Which ethical test would you use to determine what to do?

58.4.  Would you classify this management decision as immoral?...Why or why not?


60.   MINI CASE 4:  Peeking at the Bid..

61.   Your company is bidding on a large volume of widgets; the competition between you and Acme Co. is fierce. At noon, you stop by the office of the customer's purchasing agent to clarify a point before submitting your bid by the 4 p.m. deadline. After you ask your question, the purchasing agent leaves the room to get the information you requested. While she is gone, you notice a copy of Acme's bid lying out in plain sight on top of her desk.

62.1.      What do you do?

63.2.      Would an overemphasis on profits motivate someone to look at the bid?

64.3.  How might "ethical relativism" affect whether or not a person would look at the bid?

65.4.  Would "prevailing norms" dictate that you look...or not look?  Explain your answer.



Reading Assignment:

Read chapter eleven.


Reading Article:

A Bailout They Didn't Deserve?



Define the following terms.



            Individual v/s Collective Ethics

            Keiretsu (Go BEYOND the book to answer this one.  Do a little internet research)

            Industrial Policy- (Defined by Robert Reich)






Discussion Questions:

Answer the following questions.  Your answers should be well thought out and at least one paragraph in length.


Use the article (above) your text, and any other class materials (if necessary) to answer the following questions:


1.     Usually, big business wants the government to interfere as little as possible. However, this article seems to indicate that business and government want to work together!  Why?    Describe what’s different about this article.  Obviously, GM wound up getting the bailout money.  But what exactly evolved?  Why were they all of a sudden dependent on the government?

2.     Based on the article, big business wanted and needed help from the government.  The article specifically talks about how GM needed help.  Based on their motives for needing help, where would you place GM on the Virtue Matrix?

3.     Do you agree with how the automakers handled the problem?  Now, (after the bailouts) the government owns a 51% share in GM.  Do you agree with this? 

4.     What kind of "industrial policy" (page 348) measures is the US Government using by offering assistance to the US automakers?  Do you agree with this approach? 

5.     Proponents of an active "industrial policy" advocate a more active governmental role in business.  Do you think this type of approach (see article above) has succeeded?  Do you think the US automakers will ever fully "get back on their feet"?

6.     Read the following article and discuss how a "pension deficit disorder" may have risked putting the big automakers right out of business.  The bailouts have not really alleviated the problem.  The pensions are not totally protected.

7.     Remembering the Harvard article, Crisis Communication, would you agree that some of the older auto makers are still in the middle of a crisis?  Would you “label” this an actual on-going crisis?  Or do you think they are to blame for their current situation?  Do you think they are taking the right steps?  Explain your answer.



Airline Deregulation:  Did it work?  Click on the link (below) to access the activity questions.




 Did Deregulation Work?




Subject Business
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/07/2013 04:00 pm
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