# Project #14425 - physics

### PostLab Scenario

You are a professional witness in a lawsuit. What do you tell
the judge? What do you tell the Physicist (Read the following scenario.)

You are on an RTD Stretch Bus (the long busses with the accordion in
the middle. (This is called an articulating bus.)) The bus is fully
loaded with fuel and people. You are traveling at 30 [mph] when a
mini-Van in front of the bus pulls in front of the bus as it travels in
a similar direction; the van is traveling 20 [mph]. The bus driver slams
on the brakes, but there is black ice so the bus gracefully slides
right into the van sending the van flying ahead. Three passengers,
upon realizing their opportunity to make some quick cash, start crying
of back and neck pain.

Mass of bus + passengers + fuel is about 66,600 [lb] or 30,200 [kg].
Mass of van is about 2,000 [kg].

Please Note: A few students have contacted me and said that I made an error converting from pounds to kilograms. Here are my conversion notes: 66600*4.4492454 /9.8 = 30236.709 #[lb] * 4.4492454[N] / 1 [lb] / 9.8[m/s/s]---> kg 66600*0.454 = 30236.400 #[lb] * 0.454...[kg] / 1 [lb] ---> kg See Wolfram Alpha for more information. 1 pound is about 4.45 Newton.

Forensics estimates from the bending of the light-pole that the van was
moving at an uninhibited speed of about 35 [mph] when it hit the pole
after sliding on ice.

You are a professional witness; what is your statement to the judge
and why? (Three other passengers tell the judge they didn't even feel
the collision. They heard it and saw the van fly forward; but they
claim they felt nothing.)

You are a professional witness; what is your statement to the Physicist
and why?

Your paper needs to address both the Judge (jury) and the Physicist.
Treat each separately.

1) The Judge needs terms that are easy to understand.
You need to include some "real world" examples to drive home your answer.
The Judge needs to see concepts of momentum exchange and a final answer for change in
speed for the bus in mph.

2) The Physicist needs to see calculations for momentum exchange
and a final answer for change in velocity for the bus in m/s.

Some students will want to address peak force (not required, but interesting.)
In order to find peak force we need to know the time of the collision.
Do some research to find some values for the time of collisions and
calculate max and min force based upon your time range.

I called RTD and spoke with a trainer.
He told me the Articulator holds 163 passengers, 183 gallons of fuel
and weighs in at 66,600[lb] when fully loaded.

I (John Martinez) was on a bus when this happened. We were traveling westward on East
Colfax just west of Peoria Street. The van flew ahead of us and
crashed through a bunch of fence posts. People on the bus did make
claims that they were seriously injured. These types of claims are common on RTD busses.

### PostLab Instructions

In a formal, word-processed paper*, answer as a discussion with full thoughts
and numerical calculations the discussion question listed above about the RTD
bus**. Hand this in on paper (with a proper header including what is below) at
beginning of next week's class.
Momentum PostLab
Name(s)
Lab Time: (Day and start time, W8 would be a Wednesday class that starts at 8am)
The Header should be in upper left of paper.

*The post lab cannot be more than one sheet of paper. You may print two-sided.

**Your discussion needs to have two major emphases:
Your paper needs to address both the Judge (jury) and the Physicist.
Treat each separately.

1) The Judge needs terms that are easy to understand.
You need to include some "real world" examples to drive home your answer.
The Judge needs to see concepts of momentum exchange and a final answer for change in
speed for the bus in mph.

2) The Physicist needs to see calculations for momentum exchange
and a final answer for change in velocity for the bus in m/s.

Some students will want to address peak force (not required, but interesting.)
In order to find peak force we need to know the time of the collision.
Do some research to find some values for the time of collisions and
calculate max and min force based upon your time range.

 Subject Mathematics Due By (Pacific Time) 10/14/2013 08:00 pm
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