The following table represents a random sample of Portuguese and Finnish citizens of voting age. The DV is whether or not one thinks that life for the next generation will be easier than for the present. Carry out all calculations to two decimal points.

Country and Next Generation

Finland Portugal

LIFE FOR THE NEXT GENERATION

Easier 414 426

Neither easier nor more 239 251

difficult/Don’t Know

More Difficult 351 324

Answer the following questions:

a. Using percentage differences in this sample, which country’s citizens were more likely to believe that life for the next generation would be easier/more difficult?

b. Compute and fully interpret lambda (with views of life for the next generation as the dependent variable). In words, what does that value tell us?

c. Using chi-square, can we confidently claim that Finnish and Portuguese citizens differ in their views in the population from which these samples were randomly drawn? Be precise in your answer.

d. Switch the numbers between row 1 (easier) and row 2 (neither easier nor…). Do the values of chi-square or lambda change? Why or why not?

e. Multiply each cell in the original table by 10 and recalculate a, b and c. What have we learned? Hint: You will notice a major point is made here.

Subject | Mathematics |

Due By (Pacific Time) | 12/03/2013 09:59 pm |

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