Project #19946 - Political Science 2 Questions!!

There is a fascinating phenomenon that exists when one considers the legislative process. It concerns how laws are actually made. The famous saying about the legislative process which is attributed as far back as the 19th Century Prussian leader Otto von Bismarck was that it is like making sausage. No one really outside the system would want to know how legislation is made, the same way that you would never want to know what goes on in a factory which manufactures sausage. In other words, just like you would not want to really understand all the ingredients in a sausage, so too you would not want to know everything that goes into making a bill into a law.

We have discussed many of these ingredients and components during the course of the semester and your readings highlight them as well.  I would suggest that one of most important and controversial components in law-making is performed by outside interest groups—pressure groups. They perform a vital function in the process of legislating, yet they consistently get highly criticized for the role they perform. This has created all forms of necessary limits and restrictions on what is deemed to be the correct and proper relationship between pressure groups and legislators and their staffs. 

Groups, however, are vital to the efficacy and dynamism of the legislative process; yet some people argue that groups have too much control of the process. Some others suggest that without their constructive input, the legislative process would not be able to function.

Certainly since the beginning of the early part of the 20th Century with the Tea Pot Dome scandal or even earlier in the days of House Speaker Joseph Cannon outside power was strictly about money. While campaign contributions are still critically important, they do not constitute the only function that groups perform within the legislative process.

Please consider the following questions.

  1. What is the role groups perform today in the legislative process? Answers should be detailed and specific.
  2. Explain specific legislative roles groups can and do perform for the Congress.
  3. Do groups have too much power, not enough, or too little? Explain.
  4. Should groups be more controlled and regulation, less, or about the same? Explain.

 

QUESTION II  

In studying the U.S. Congress both books as well as in class it has been very clear how important the role of the leader is and has been to the effectiveness of either the House or the Senate.  This is true of the position of Speaker or Majority Leader as well as that of a key Committee chair. It was always suggested, for example when Congressman Wilbur Mills was the Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee in the 1960-70’s,he made U.S. tax policy. The U.S. tax policy was not changed unless Chairman Mills wanted it.  He not only knew the U.S. Code Tax Code better than anyone in Washington, he controlled his committee with an iron fist. Interesting, after he left and his power waned the key power in making tax policy moved to the hands of the Senate Finance Committee Chairman, Senator Russell Long. Long let his committee members speak as long as they wanted and ask as many questions as they wanted, but when he was ready, he placed his arm around the Member and said something like: “I think we are ready to vote now!” He had lined up the votes and was ready to pull in his chits. Needless to say the power of many Speakers and Leaders was similarly extraordinarily throughout history. 

  1. Explain how Leaders exercise and maintain their power. What are their techniques?
  2. Has Congress worked more or less effectively when leaders were stronger or weaker?
  3. The literature attempts to draw a correlation between strong Congresses during periods of weak Presidents and vice-versa. Explain.

 

Questions must be thoroughly answered. 

 

THank you anyone who wishes to help me out! 

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Due By (Pacific Time) 12/16/2013 10:00 am
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