Project #21034 - BYPCOSTING

MUST FMUST FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS. This is writing assignment as well as 




*E19-17 Polk Company builds custom fishing lures for sporting goods stores. In its first year of operations, 2012, the company incurred the following costs.

Variable Cost per Unit


Direct materials                                                                       $7.50

Direct labor                                                                             $2.45

Variable manufacturing overhead                                           $5.75

Variable selling and administrative expenses                         $3.90

Fixed Costs per Year

Fixed manufacturing overhead                                               $234,650

Fixed selling and administrative expenses                              $240,100

Polk Company sells the fishing lures for $25. During 2012, the company sold 80,000 lures and produced 95,000 lures.




(a) Assuming the company uses variable costing, calculate Polk’s manufacturing cost per unit for 2012.


(b) Prepare a variable costing income statement for 2012.


(c) Assuming the company uses absorption costing, calculate Polk’s manufacturing cost


per unit for 2012.


(d) Prepare an absorption costing income statement for 2012.


Write a paper of no more than 350 words after completing Exercise 19-17 in which you respond to the following questions:


  • In this case, would it be better to use the variable or absorption costing method, and why?
  • What are the benefits of the two methods?
  • Which method would lead to the best decision when a competitor is submitting a lower bid for your product?




U must answer A, B & C, D than the paper of no more than 350 words.









Write a paperthat is at least 750 words (papers less than 750 words, will receive a reduction in points) in which you respond to the Broadening Your Perspective 17-2 activity titled "Managerial Perspective" in Ch. 17 of Accounting. U must write a paper based on the math figures




BYP17-2 Ideal Manufacturing Company of Sycamore, Illinois, has supported a research and development


(R&D) department that has for many years been the sole contributor to the company’s new farm machinery


 products. The R&D activity is an overhead cost center that provides services only to in-house manufacturing


departments (four different product lines), all of which produce agricultural/farm/ranch related machinery products.


The department has never sold its services outside, but because of its long history of success, larger manufacturers


of agricultural products have approached Ideal to hire its R&D department for special projects. Because the costs of


operating the R&D department have been spiraling uncontrollably, Ideal’s management is considering entertaining


these outside approaches to absorb the increasing costs. But,


(1) management doesn’t have any cost basis for charging R&D services to outsiders, and


(2) it needs to gain control of its R&D costs. Management decides to implement an activity-based costing system in


 order to determine the charges for both outsiders and the in-houseusers of the department’s services.


R&D activities fall into four pools with the following annual costs.


                                                                                 Market analysis   $1,050,000


                                                                                 Product design   2,350,000


                                                                                 Product development    3,600,000


                                                                                 Prototype testing   1,400,000


 Activity analysis determines that the appropriate cost drivers and their usage for the four activities are:




Activities                                                                Cost Drivers                                                          Estimated Drivers


Market analysis                                                    Hours of analysis                                                  15,000 hours


Product design                                                       Number of designs                                                2,500 designs


Product development                                           Number of products                                             90 products


Prototype testing                                                   Number of tests                                                     500 tests




(a) Compute the activity-based overhead rate for each activity cost pool.


(b) How much cost would be charged to an in-house manufacturing department that consumed


1,800 hours of market analysis time, was provided 280 designs relating to 10 products, andrequested 92


 engineering tests?


(c) How much cost would serve as the basis for pricing an R&D bid with an outside company on a contract that


 would consume 800 hours of analysis time, require 178 designs relating to 3 products, and result in 70 engineering




(d) What is the benefit to Ideal Manufacturing of applying activity-based costing to its R&D activity for both in-


house and outside charging purposes?



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Due By (Pacific Time) 01/18/2014 12:00 am
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