In everyday language the phrase “to deviate” means to stray from an accepted path.
Many sociological definitions of deviance simply elaborate upon this idea.
Thus deviance consists of those areas which do not follow the norms and expectations of a particular social group.
Deviance may be positively sanctioned (rewarded), negatively sanctioned (punished), or simply accepted without reward or punishment.
In terms of the above definition of deviance, the soldier on the battlefield who risks his life above and beyond the normal call of duty may be termed a deviant, as may be the case of a physicist who breaks the rules of her discipline and develops a new theory.
Their deviance may be positively sanctioned; the soldier might be rewarded with a medal and the physicist with a Nobel prize. In one sense, though, neither is deviant since both conform to the values of society,the soldier to the value of courage; the physicist to the value of academic progress.
For Week Three discussion, please answer the following questions (after reading the passage above and this week’srequired readings):
(1) Given the definition of deviance described above and in Conley textbook, what is a scholarly definition of crime and is it always the same as deviance? Can something be deviant but not criminal and vice a versa?
(2) A student wants to achieve good grades but is not interested in studying for exams or putting in the required time for his/her online class; instead the student finds various ways to cheat. How does Robert Merton’s strain theory explain this behavior, and which “type” does the student exemplify?
(3) In terms of social control theory, does the threat (from the professor) to submit all formal paper assignments to Turnitin.com, a common academic program to identify and prevent plagiarism from internet resources keep most students from plagiarizing their papers? Why or Why not?
Please post your response to these discussion questions and also comment on the postings of at least two of your classmates in this week's discussion.
Make sure you cite any sources or references used in your answers (e.g., textbook or other internet sources).
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||02/01/2014 12:00 am