Project #22146 - History

In the aftermath of Columbus and voyages of encounter, Europeans believed the first humans in the Americas might have been:
A. Chinese pirates.
 
B. the lost tribes of Axum.
 
C. Phoenician seafarers from Carthage.
 
D. Mongol tribesmen.
 
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What's This?
The first civilization in Mesoamerica was the:
A. Toltec.
 
B. Olmec.
 
C. Maya.
 
D. Aztec.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following is NOT true of the Olmec culture?
A. Its La Venta pyramid was the largest structure of it type for its era.
 
B. It created a writing system of some sort.
 
C. It developed in the high, mountainous areas of central Mexico.
 
D. It produced many stone carvings, tools, and monuments.
 
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What's This?
The civilization of the Maya developed in:
A. the Valley of Mexico.
 
B. Pacific coastal region of northern Mexico.
 
C. mountainous areas of Nicaragua and Honduras.
 
D. Guatemala and theYucatan Peninsula.
 
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What's This?
The Aztec capital was:
A. Tenochtitlán.
 
B. Huitzilopochtli.
 
C. Texcoco.
 
D. Mexica.
 
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What's This?
The massive Aztec stone carving in the form of a disc portraying the struggle between the forces of good and evil in the universe is the:
A. Disc of Forces.
 
B. Stone of the Fifth Sun.
 
C. Temple of Inscriptions.
 
D. Sun Disc.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following statements is the most accurate depiction of the Aztec Empire?
A. It was a highly centralized, tightly administered monarchy developed through military conquest.
 
B. It was a confederation of localities linked by a feudal allegiance system in which a central ruler controlled an empire developed through military conquest.
 
C. It was a highly centralized maritime society that had evolved from a foundation of intense religious piety.
 
D. It was followed by the Mayan civilization.
 
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What's This?
Aztec society was:
A. an egalitarian democracy.
 
B. a hierarchical dictatorship, with a privileged upper class and a downtrodden majority.
 
C. primarily involved in the trading of slaves.
 
D. unique in giving women major political power.
 
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What's This?
Who was the Inka king who began the conquests that led to the creation of their empire?
A. Pizarro
 
B. Huayna Inca
 
C. Pachakuti
 
D. Topa Inca
 
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What's This?
The tuber cultivated by the Arawak, that is used today to manufacture tapioca, is:
A. millet.
 
B. manioc.
 
C. maize.
 
D. squash.
 
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What's This?
The ruling member of a Bedouin tribe was called the:
A. majlis.
 
B. jihad.
 
C. sheikh.
 
D. Ka’aba.
 
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What's This?
The official calendar of Islam begins:
A. in 222 C.E.
 
B. when Muhammad and his closest supporters left Yathrib and went to Mecca.
 
C. with the occurrence of the Hijrah.
 
D. with Muhammad’s death in 632 C.E.
 
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What's This?
The Persian empire which experienced defeats at the hands of the Arab armies was the:
A. Sassanid.
 
B. Umayyad.
 
C. Abbasid.
 
D. Fatimid.
 
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What's This?
Muhammad’s teachings:
A. stressed that Islam was not just a religion but also a way of life.
 
B. required all Muslims to follow the Six Suras and the Seven Pillars.
 
C. accepted polygyny, but permitted men to take only one wife.
 
D. were entirely theological with almost no ethical nor moral aspects.
 
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What's This?
Under the Umayyad Dynasty:
A. Ethiopia became an Islamic state.
 
B. the Islamic Arab empire expanded enormously.
 
C. Iraqi Shi’ite and Sunnite forces became united.
 
D. internal authority was strengthened by the propriety of the caliphs’ behavior.
 
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What's This?
The caliphate that is often described as the Abbasid “Golden Age” was the reign of:
A. Muhammad Ali.
 
B. Harun al Rashid.
 
C. Abu Bakr.
 
D. Kabia al Kahn.
 
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What's This?
The Shi’ite capital at Cairo was established under the dynasty of the:
A. Umayyads.
 
B. Abbasids.
 
C. Fatimids.
 
D. Seljuk Turks.
 
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What's This?
The Seljuk Turks:
A. provoked the Byzantine request for European aid that led to the Crusades.
 
B. brought a permanent halt to the conflict between the Sunnites and the Shi’ites.
 
C. temporarily abandoned the guidelines of the Koran as a means to reconcile the Byzantines to Turkish rule.
 
D. conquered Constantinople in 1453.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following is an accurate statement about the Arab Empire?
A. It was strongly united under the tight control of the caliph in Baghdad.
 
B. It created an era of great economic prosperity in the Middle East region.
 
C. It contained fewer urban centers than any other regime of its era.
 
D. Under Islamic principles trade was limited and every Muslim received the same income.
 
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What's This?
The major Muslim outpost in Europe was:
A. the Maghreb.
 
B. Andalusia.
 
C. Savoy.
 
D. Attica.

 

In an effort to avoid the potential mayhem of the Germanic system of personal revenge for the punishment of crimes, an alternative system arose that made use of a fine called:
A. wergeld.
 
B. wingard.
 
C. wodoms.
 
D. wargast.
 
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What's This?
Monasticism in medieval Europe:
A. was entirely a male area of activity.
 
B. involved an egalitarian governance structure.
 
C. included women, many of whom belonged to royal families
 
D. was based upon the model established by St. Basil.
 
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What's This?
All of the following are correct regarding the development of fief holding EXCEPT it:
A. was a response by local leaders who gathered military retainers to protect themselves, as the remnants of the imperial government could not adequately defend the state.
 
B. led to the creation of a large number of knights who literally owed their livings to the lord who granted them a fief.
 
C. led to a five hundred year period when warfare was dominated by heavily armed cavalry.
 
D. was a result of the Church's attempt to give serfs and peasants more social mobility.
 
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What's This?
By the end of the thirteenth century, the institutionalization of the English Parliament:
A. provided the foundation for the absolute rule of the monarch.
 
B. enabled the barons and church lords to establish themselves in the House of Commons.
 
C. was a system of power sharing between the monarch and groups within the society.
 
D. enabled the knights and burgesses to establish themselves in the House of Lords.
 
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What's This?
France's first parliament, begun under Philip IV, was the:
A. Chambre des Comptes.
 
B. Parlement.
 
C. Diet of Paris.
 
D. Estates-General.
 
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What's This?
Alexander Nevsky, prince of Novgorad, defeated the:
A. Russians.
 
B. Byzantines.
 
C. Germans.
 
D. Mongols.
 
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What's This?
The Dominican friars:
A. were established in the ninth century.
 
B. were first led by the highly intellectual Dominic de Guzmán.
 
C. lived among the people and helped the poor.
 
D. became key factors in combating heresy under the leadership of the Holy Roman Emperor.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following was NOT true about medieval towns and cities?
A. Many towns were receiving charters of liberties by the 1100s and 1200s.
 
B. Their location near transportation routes was essential.
 
C. They were food producing, self sufficient units, in which commerce was secondary.
 
D. Many were revived Roman cities whose size and populations grew as trade increased.
 
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What's This?
All of the following are true about scholasticism EXCEPT:
A. it is a term used to depict the philosophical and theological system of medieval universities.
 
B. it attempted to prove the unity of faith and reason.
 
C. it was preoccupied with establishing the concurrence between Christian and Aristotelian thought.
 
D. the author of the Summa Theologica was Abelard dun Scotus.
 
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What's This?
The pope who gave his blessing and authorized the First Crusade was:
A. Urban II.
 
B. Gregory VII.
 
C. Gregory the Great.
 
D. Innocent III.
 
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What's This?
Justinian's most lasting accomplishment was:
A. his victory over the Ostrogoths.
 
B. his defeat of the Muslim armies outside of Constantinople.
 
C. the Corpus Iuris Civilis.
 
D. his victory over the Nika rioters.
 
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What's This?
Iconoclasm:
A. created a division in the Roman Church but not the Orthodox Church.
 
B. required the worship of icons by Orthodox Christians.
 
C. outlawed the use of icons in the Byzantine Empire.
 
D. was imposed upon the East by Charlemagne.
 
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What's This?
The major threat to the Byzantine Empire in the eleventh century came from the:
A. Arabs.
 
B. Seljuk Turks.
 
C. Ottoman Turks.
 
D. Austrians.
 
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What's This?
The Mongols:
A. facilitated the spread of the plague with the creation of its Silk Road empire.
 
B. stopped the spread of the plague to China, but allowed it to decimate the West.
 
C. stopped the spread of the plague to the West, but allowed it to decimate China.
 
D. were immune from the Yersinia pestis.
 
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What's This?
As a result of the Black Death:
A. there was a decrease in Anti-Semitism.
 
B. there was an increase in Anti-Semitism.
 
C. flagellation disappeared.
 
D. the population rose in Italian cities but fell in English and French cities and towns.
 
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What's This?
All of the following regarding the Hundred Years' War are correct EXCEPT:
A. traditional nobles fighting on horseback were the keys to victory.
 
B. new weapons were used in the war, including the long bow and gunpowder.
 
C. the English were victorious at the battles of Crecy and Agincourt.
 
D. Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake.
 
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What's This?
The Renaissance began in:
A. Byzantium.
 
B. France.
 
C. Italy.
 
D. Spain.
 
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What's This?
The ideal of early fifteenth century Humanists was to:
A. reject religion and the Church.
 
B. serve the state.
 
C. abandon history and the past.
 
D. work only for the most powerful states.
 
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What's This?
The architect Filippo Brunelleschi was inspired by:
A. Greek models.
 
B. Roman models.
 
C. Byzantine models.
 
D. Chinese models.
 
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What's This?
Which area failed to establish a centralized territorial state by the end of the fifteenth century?
A. France
 
B. Italy
 
C. Spain
 
D. England
All of the following statements about Ottoman expansion are true EXCEPT:
A. their geographical location gave them a definite advantage for expansion.
 
B. after taking advantage of Byzantine weakness, they established a base at Gallipoli, and then allied with the Serbs and Bulgars to continue fighting the Byzantine Empire.
 
C. after the Kurdish seizure of Constantinople in 1521, Ottoman support of the new Kurdish ruler gave them greater control over Asia Minor.
 
D. as they established European settlements, Turkish beys replaced local landlords, and became the only recipients of taxes collected from the Slavic peasant population.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following statements is NOT an accurate characterization of the nature of Ottoman governmental processes?
A. Originally, Ottoman rule was dominated by tribal law and augmented by Muslim law.
 
B. The Ottoman Empire was influenced by Byzantine and Persian rule.
 
C. The sultan ruled from the Topkapi with the assistance of the Grand Vezirs, who were primarily the products of the devshirme process.
 
D. The government refused to allow any religion to be practiced in the empire except for Islam.
 
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What's This?
Ottoman religious policy:
A. applied Islamic law to everyone in the empire.
 
B. required all Shi'ite Muslims to convert to Sunni Islam.
 
C. was more tolerant of Hindu beliefs than the Mughal Dynasty.
 
D. placed the members of each religious group under a patriarch or grand rabbi, who served in an intermediary capacity in governmental matters effecting his group.
 
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What's This?
Safavid Iran:
A. was a purely Persian society.
 
B. was strongly influenced by Turkish elements within the society.
 
C. adopted Sunni Islam as its state religion.
 
D. was a thoroughly egalitarian society.
 
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What's This?
Mughal decline was most probably NOT caused by the:
A. fall of the Safavid dynasty.
 
B. rise in local power and wealth.
 
C. return of Muslim strictness after the rule of Shah Jahan ended.
 
D. effect of the European presence on the subcontinent.
 
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What's This?
The British presence in India significantly began in 1616 when they:
A. successfully attacked Puna.
 
B. established their first factory at Delhi.
 
C. were granted the right to have their own representative at the court in Agra.
 
D. forced the Mughals to provide them with light weight textiles.
 
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What's This?
The peasant revolt that brought down the preoccupied Ming Dynasty, and precipitated the ascension to control of the Manchus, was led by the disgruntled postal worker:
A. Yuan Shi Kai.
 
B. Li Zicheng.
 
C. Zheng Chenggong.
 
D. Koxinga.
 
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What's This?
The first major ruler of the Qing Dynasty was:
A. Kangxi.
 
B. Hongwu.
 
C. Qianling.
 
D. Yongle.
 
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What's This?
Qianlong:
A. ended civil service corruption by demanding his standards of permanence and by ordering the public executions of a number of corrupt officials.
 
B. was the first emperor to have a French concubine given to him by the Japanese emperor.
 
C. was a great soldier who was killed in battle in Tibet.
 
D. was dissatisfied by Lord Macartney's behavior in China.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following is accurate regarding of the effects of Qianlong's trade policy with England?
A. It showed Lord Macartney that he could not continue to attack the Emperor.
 
B. It set the stage for a future of harmonious trade relations between the two powers.
 
C. It showed the compromising nature of the Chinese attitude.
 
D. It set the stage for a future of Chinese degradation and decline.
 
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What's This?
As manufacturing and commerce began to grow in Ming and Qing China:
A. the elite retained a preference for agriculture.
 
B. industrialization became the preferred area of activity for all Chinese.
 
C. Europeans became the predominant force in all areas of Chinese production.
 
D. government tax policies favored the industrial sector over the agricultural one.
 
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What's This?
The Japanese who seized Kyoto and spent his last years trying to consolidate his rule was:
A. Yamato Ryutu.
 
B. Iza Shotoku.
 
C. Oda Nobunaga.
 
D. Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
 
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What's This?
Hideyoshi expelled missionaries from his domain in 1587 because the missionaries were:
A. supportive of the emperor rather than the shogun.
 
B. selling indulgences.
 
C. destroying local Christian religious shrines.
 
D. interfering in local Japanese political matters.
 
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What's This?
Newton's Principia:
A. placed the earth at the center of the universe.
 
B. rejected the ideas of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo.
 
C. mathematically disproved the universal law of gravitation.
 
D. supplied the new theory of the universe that combined the work of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following was NOT one of the positive buzzwords of the Enlightenment?
A. Reason
 
B. Divine revelation
 
C. Natural law
 
D. Hope
 
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What's This?
Enlightenment advocates of economic liberalism:
A. urged rulers to guide their societies in rationally determined directions.
 
B. were vigorously opposed by Adams Smith.
 
C. opposed attempts to establish laissez-faire policies.
 
D. believed that individuals should be free to pursue their own economic self-interest.
 
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What's This?
Outside of Europe, the major scenes of battle in the Seven Years War were:
A. North America and Africa.
 
B. Central America and India.
 
C. India and North America.
 
D. Latin America and Africa.
 
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What's This?
Which of the following statements is an accurate depiction of the nature of the British Parliament in the latter half of the eighteenth century?
A. It was primarily composed of civil libertarians who advocated individual rights.
 
B. Its role was primarily that of a rubber stamp for the king.
 
C. It shared power with the king, gradually gaining the upper hand.
 
D. Uniquely, women could become Members of Parliament.
 
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What's This?
Britain decided to end its war against the Americans after a combined American and French force defeated General Cornwallis at:
A. Cowpens.
 
B. Newburgh.
 
C. Saratoga.
 
D. Yorktown.
 
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What's This?
The military forces raised by the French revolutionary government was:
A. composed largely of non French mercenaries.
 
B. the largest navy ever assembled in Europe up to that point.
 
C. unsuccessful on the battlefield although victorious in naval combat.
 
D. a true army of the people, whose intensity was the beginning of the concept of total war.
 
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Due By (Pacific Time) 02/05/2014 12:00 am
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