Project #22382 - WWI

Please be able to meet deadline. Follow directions. A detailed through narraitive is important. Thanks!!

 

1. All of the countries listed below formally became part of World War I. For each do some research using internet sources to recount which side each country joined and why. Remember, start with the narrative. What are the dates and circumstances of the entry of each country and  how did each participate in the war?  Then provide analyses that explain each country's goals in joining the side it did. The countries are:

 

Italy, Japan, Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Rumania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, and China. There should be a paragraph for each. Make sure to cite outside sources if you use them.

 

 

 

2. Identification.  Pick four of the following terms to identify.

 

Treaty of London

 

Vimy Ridge

 

Dardanelles/Gallipoli

 

General von Falkenhayn

 

Tsar Nicholas II

 

Naval Blockade

 

U-boats (1914-1915)

 

Tanganika

 

A good identification involves the following: date, place, narrative of what happened or how the person was involved, and why it is important in history. A couple of examples of good identifications are below. (They are not from this week’s study)

 

 

 

The Battle of Britain started on July 10, 1940. The Germans attacked docking facilities in southeastern England. This phase of the battle was called by the Germans the Kanalkampf, or the Channel Battle. The British Fighter Command, led b Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding, waited until the Germans were at the limit of their range and then they sent their Spitfires after the German fighters and the broke up the bombers formation with slower Hurricanes. Along with British men, Americans, Czechs and Pols were also pilots of the RAF. On August 13th, the Germans main attack, “the Eagle Attack,” started and nearly everything went wrong from the weather to lack of communication. Only half of the army ended up attacking and two days later they tried to attack again on the Channel. The British lost 50 planes here, but the Germans lost even more. The Germans shifted targets which gave the British time to recuperate. The Germans were taking heavy losses in this first aircraft battle but by the first of September they were ahead. On the 7th German bombers struck London and London civilians took honor of this and it created a patriotism that would eventually contradict the German’s attempts. The British used their strongest weapons here and Germany could no longer match the RAF’s strength. The battle continued since the Germans would not admit defeat, but as the small battles continued it was obvious that Germany would not invade.

 

The Battle of Britain is one of the most important and significant battles in the early history of WWII. The Battle was the first major aircraft battles and it caught the Germans by complete surprise. The effects of psychology in this battle were the most important. After Germany bombed London, although they caused damage, it was as if they had bombed themselves because they gave the RAF more confidence and strength to finish this battle strongly. This battle hit the Germans hard, and it was evidence for other countries that Germany could be defeated and that Germany would not invade Britain as it had France.

 

The Battle of the Atlantic was from January 1939 until May 1945. It was the longest battle of WWII. In 1940, after the campaigns, Germany invaded Norway and operated through out the Norway Sea. They also occupied the Atlantic coast of France. The day the war started, Germany sank the Athenia without warning and many lives were lost and this made the British very angry. In October the Germans U-47 crossed into the British naval base at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys and torpedoes the Royal Oak and many lives were lost. The British decided to use aircrafts to counter the submarines and the Germans instead just made bigger U boats. Hitler’s U boat commanders had new group tactics versus the old individual tactics, but the Germans did not carry the advantage. Britain loss many ships during this battle and during the war but the Germans still could not defeat the Royal Navy and it all ended in May 1945 when the last survivors of the German U- boats and surrendered.

 

The Battle of the Atlantic shares similar importance for the history of the early war with the Battle of Britain, but also it is significant for the history of WWII in general since the battle lasted the duration of the war. In The Battle of the Atlantic, once again the German’s were defeated by the British. What’s very important in this battle however is that the German’s finally surrendered, which was something they had never done before. This showed the world more and more the British and the allies’ strengths and Germany’s weakness. This battle was meant to go in another direction but the Royal Navy used new tactics to fight off the Germans.

 

On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. by bombing Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and brought WWII to America. The Japanese had been expanding their influence and their control in Southeast Asia. Japan also had relations with Germany and Italy and had allied with Thailand and made a neutrality pact with Russia. Japan occupied Indochina in July 1941. The U.S. was very disapproving of all of Japan’s relations and over their occupation of Indochina. Hitler’s European domination made the U.S. move into the western Pacific and East Asia. Also, in 1940, the trade treaty with Japan and the U.S. had expired and the U.S. refused to renew it. Japan sent Admiral Nomura to the U.S. to negotiate their disagreements but Nomura was not very successful. Japan decided war with the U.S. would let them continue to invade China and they felt a surprise attack would cripple the U.S. so that Japan could do what they wanted with Asia. The U.S. knew something was coming and they had a war warning but the Pearl Harbor attacks still caught the Nation by surprise and it is considered one of the greatest surprise attacks in history.

 

Subject History
Due By (Pacific Time) 02/09/2014 06:00 pm
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