Project #24323 - Financial Ratios

Financial Ratios

 

1.      Liquidity ratios. Edison, Stagg, and Thornton have the following financial information at the close of business on July 10:

 

 

Edison

Stagg

Thornton

Cash

$6,000

$5,000

$4,000

 

Short-term investments

3,000

2,500

2,000

 

Accounts receivable

2,000

2,500

3,000

 

Inventory

1,000

2,500

4,000

 

Prepaid expenses

800

800

800

 

Accounts payable

200

200

200

 

Notes payable: short-term

3,100

3,100

3,100

 

Accrued payables

300

300

300

 

Long-term liabilities

3,800

3,800

3,800

 

             

 

 

  1. Compute the current and quick ratios for each of the three companies. (Round calculations to two decimal places.) Which firm is the most liquid? Why?

 

2.      Computation and evaluation of activity ratios. The following data relate to Alaska Products, Inc:

         

 

20X5

20X4

Net credit sales

$832,000

$760,000

 

Cost of goods sold

530,000

400,000

 

Cash, Dec. 31

125,000

110,000

 

Average Accounts receivable

205,000

156,000

 

Average Inventory

70,000

50,000

 

Accounts payable, Dec. 31

115,000

108,000

 

 

 

Instructions

a.       Compute the accounts receivable and inventory turnover ratios for 20X5. Alaska rounds all calculations to two decimal places.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Profitability ratios, trading on the equity. Digital Relay has both preferred and common stock outstanding. The com­pany reported the following information for 20X7:

 

 

 

Net sales

$1,750,000

Interest expense

120,000

Income tax expense

80,000

Preferred dividends

25,000

Net income

130,000

Average assets

1,200,000

Average common stockholders' equity

500,000

 

 

 

 

  1. Compute the profit margin on sales ratio, the return on equity and the return on assets, rounding calculations to two decimal places.
  2. Does the firm have positive or negative financial leverage? Briefly ex­plain.

 

4.      Horizontal analysis. Mary Lynn Corporation has been operating for several years. Selected data from the 20X1 and 20X2 financial statements follow.

       

20X2

20X1

Current Assets

$86,000

$80,000

Property, Plant, and Equipment (net)

99,000

90,000

Intangibles

25,000

50,000

Current Liabilities

40,800

48,000

Long-Term Liabilities

153,000

160,000

Stockholders’ Equity

16,200

12,000

Net Sales

500,000

500,000

Cost of Goods Sold

322,500

350,000

Operating Expenses

93,500

85,000

       

 

a.       Prepare a horizontal analysis for 20X1 and 20X2. Briefly comment on the results of your work.

 

 

5.Vertical analysis. Mary Lynn Corporation has been operating for several years. Selected data from the 20X1 and 20X2 financial statements follow.

 

20X2

20X1

Current Assets

    $86,000

    $80,000

Property, Plant, and Equipment (net)

99,000

80,000

Intangibles

25,000

50,000

Current Liabilities

40,800

48,000

Long-Term Liabilities

     153,000

     150,000

Stockholders’ Equity

16,200

12,000

Net Sales

    500,000

     500,000

Cost of Goods Sold

    322,500

     350,000

Operating Expenses

      93,500

85,000

       

 

a.       Prepare a vertical analysis for 20X1 and 20X2. Briefly comment on the results of your work.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. Ratio computation. The financial statements of the Lone Pine Company follow.

 

       

 

LONE PINE COMPANY

 

Comparative Balance Sheets

 

December 31, 20X2 and 20X1 ($000 Omitted)

 

20X2

20X1

 

Assets

 

Current Assets

 

Cash and Short-Term Investments

$400

 

$600

 

Accounts Receivable (net)

3,000

 

2,400

 

Inventories

3,000

 

2,300

 

Total Current Assets

$6,400

 

$5,300

 

Property, Plant, and Equipment

 

Land

$1,700

 

$500

 

Buildings and Equipment (net)

1,500

 

1,000

 

Total Property, Plant, and Equipment

$3,200

 

$1,500

 

Total Assets

$9,600

 

$6,800

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

Current Liabilities

 

Accounts Payable

$2,800

 

$1,700

 

Notes Payable

1,100

 

1,900

 

Total Current Liabilities

$3,900

 

$3,600

 

Long-Term Liabilities

 

Bonds Payable

4,100

 

2,100

 

Total Liabilities

$8,000

 

$5,700

 

Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock

$200

 

$200

 

Retained Earnings

1,400

 

900

 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

$1,600

 

$1,100

   Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

$9,600

 

$6,800

 

       

 

       

 

LONE PINE COMPANY

 

Statement of Income and Retained Earnings

 

For the Year Ending December 31,20X2 ($000 Omitted)

 

Net Sales*

 

$36,000

 

 

Less: Cost of Goods Sold

$20,000

   

 

Selling Expense

6,000

   

 

Administrative Expense

4,000

   

 

Interest Expense

400

   

 

Income Tax Expense

2,000

32,400

 

 

Net Income

 

$3,600

 

 

Retained Earnings, Jan. 1

 

     900

 

 

Ending Retained Earnings

 

$4,500

 

 

Cash Dividends Declared and Paid

 

  3,100

 

 

Retained Earnings, Dec. 31

 

$1,400

 

 

*All sales are on account.

             

 

Instructions

Compute the following items for Lone Pine Company for 20X2, rounding all calcu­lations to two decimal places when necessary:

a. Quick ratio

b. Current ratio

c. Inventory-turnover ratio

d. Accounts-receivable-turnover ratio

e. Return-on-assets ratio

f. Net-profit-margin ratio

g. Return-on-common-stockholders’ equity

h. Debt-to-total assets

i. Number of times that interest is earned

 

Subject Business
Due By (Pacific Time) 03/07/2014 01:00 pm
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