Project #24532 - Paper

Part 1

GO TO the CDC National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Watch the 20 minute video on workplace violence (program 1). You can watch on your computer or download it. Answer the following questions:


1. Which industries have the highest rates of workplace violence?

2. What three types of interactions are responsible for violence in the workplace (who is involved?)

3. Which are the only two states with an OSHA plan?

4. The film talks about Environmental, Administrative, and Behavioral prevention strategies. What is one example of each identified in the film?



Part 2

Haddon Matrix


(See attached drowning worksheet and Haddon Matrix.)




Consider what we know about water related drowning among young children in Las Vegas.

Look for some additional information to help you think about a variety of risk factors and

prevention/intervention strategies. (Hint: Check the Southern Nevada Health District



1. Complete the Haddon Matrix with both risk factors and possible prevention and

intervention measures for each phase and Host/Agent/Environment factor. (write neatly

or use additional paper please)


2. Consider the risk factors and prevention/intervention strategies you wrote down.


a) Identify at least one educational countermeasure, one technological

countermeasure and one legal countermeasure that you think would be most


b) For each countermeasure identify who the countermeasure would target

c) For each countermeasure identify at least one pro and cos of the countermeasure


3. For each countermeasure identify which of the 10 countermeasure strategies are



The Haddon Matrix- Information

The Haddon Matrix is a tool used for planning injury interventions. The Haddon Matrix

encourages creative thinking about injury problems and their possible solutions. The

organization of the matrix helps to focus attention on injury control strategies directed

toward host, agent, and environment (physical and social/cultural) at different points in

time. Like the public health model of disease control, the Haddon Matrix targets the three factors of an injury event: host, agent, and environment (including physical, social,

economic, and cultural settings). But the Haddon Matrix adds another dimension: time.

The matrix provides a structure for identifying potential interventions across three

phases of the injury event: pre-event, event, and post-event.

The pre-event phase includes everything that determines whether the event takes


What factors contribute to an increased risk for an event to occur?

What kinds of interventions or preventive measures could have been implemented

before the injury occurred?

The event phase encompasses the injury event itself, and all that determines the nature

and severity of the injury.

What factors contribute to an increased injury risk and severity of injury at the time of

an injury event?

What kinds of interventions or preventive measures could have prevent or reduce the

severity of injury when it occurs?

The post-event phase occurs after the event, including anything that determines

whether the injury is limited, exacerbated, or repaired.

What factors contribute to an increased risk for additional injuries after an even has


What kinds of interventions could limit or reduce the severity of injuries that have

already occurred and/or reduce the risk of additional injury after an event has


Think about host, agent and environmental factors at each phase.

Think about possible preventive and intervention strategies related to the host, agent

and environment at each phase.

When creating a Haddon matrix, the focus should be on thinking creatively about

solutions to the problem of injury and identifying as many opportunities to intervene as

possible. The Haddon matrix reminds us that interventions can go into effect before,

during, and after an injury event.

Drowning Fact Sheet

Drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury-related deaths to children

ages 14 and under. A temporary lapse in supervision is a common factor in most

drownings and near-drownings. Child drownings can happen in a matter of seconds--in

the time it takes to answer the phone. There is often no splashing to warn of trouble.

Children can drown in small quantities of water and are at risk in their own homes from

wading pools, bathtubs, buckets, diaper pails, and toilets as well as swimming pools,

spas, and hot tubs.

Deaths and Injuries

• A swimming pool is 14 times more likely than a motor vehicle to be involved in the

death of a child age 4 and under.

• Each year, approximately 1,150 children ages 14 and under drown; more than half

are preschoolers (ages 0-4).

• Each year, an estimated 5,000 children ages 14 and under are hospitalized due to


• Of children surviving near-drownings, 5-20 percent suffer severe and permanent


Where Drownings Happen

• Approximately 50 percent of preschooler drownings occur in residential swimming


• Each year, more than 2,000 preschooler near-drownings occur in residential pools.

• Of preschooler pool drownings, 65 percent occur in the child's home pool and 33

percent at the homes of friends, neighbors or relatives.

• Each year, 350 drownings (for all ages) happen in bathtubs.

• Each year, approximately 40 children drown in five-gallon buckets.

• In ten states--Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii, Montana, Nevada,

Oregon, Utah, and Washington-- drowning surpasses all other causes of death to

children ages 14 and under.

How and When Drownings Happen

• Of all preschoolers who drown, 70 percent are in the care of one of both parents at

the time of the drowning.

• Of all preschoolers who drown, 75 percent are missing from sight for five minutes

or less.

• Two-thirds of all drownings happen between May and August.

• Of all drownings, 40 percent occur on Saturdays and Sundays.

• Children drown during routine household activities, with adults present and

providing normal levels of supervision.

• Most children who drowned or nearly drowned were last seen in the house or away

from the pool or spa.

Who is at Risk

• Of all age groups, children ages 1-4 have the highest drowning death rate.

• American Indian and Alaska Native children ages 14 and under have a drowning

death rate that is nearly two times higher than white children. A total of 55

percent of these drowning deaths occur in natural bodies of water.

• African-American children ages 4 and under have a drowning death rate that is

lower than white children and lower than children in the overall population.

• African-American children ages 5-14 have a drowning death rate that is nearly

three times higher than white children.


• Health care costs per near-drowning victim typically range from $75,000 for initial

emergency room treatment to $180,000 a year for long-term care.

• The annual economic costs of residential pool drownings and near-drownings of

young children are estimated to be $450 million to $650 million.


• While there is no substitute for adult supervision, safeguards and barriers around

pools and hot tubs provide additional protection for children.

• Estimates predict that the widespread use of pool fencing would prevent 50-90

percent of pediatric pool drownings and near-drownings.

Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 03/10/2014 12:00 am
Report DMCA

Chat Now!

out of 1971 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 1164 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 721 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 1600 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 770 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews

Chat Now!

out of 680 reviews
All Rights Reserved. Copyright by - Copyright Policy