History has many examples of absolute truths that turned out to be false theories. Once, it was a well-known fact that the world was flat. Everyone knew that it was true just by looking at it. Later, it was discovered that the Earth was actually a sphere, and few people question this idea since we have countless satellite images as proof. Scientists now argue that the Earth is not round but more pear-shaped, flat at the two poles and bulging out at the Equator. How do you decide for yourself which of these theories is the truth? What about the commonsense ideas that you refer to in your everyday conversation as "true"?
After this week's introduction to epistemology, you might make more conscientious statements regarding what you know to be true. How would you start to prove to yourself that they are true? Would you ever think about the possibility that there may be more than one type of truth out there? In this Application assignment, you will analyze the nature of knowledge, its relationship to belief, and truth through an idea you hold to be true.
Questions about this assignment? Post them in the Contact the Instructor area. That way, everyone in the class will see, and benefit from, the instructor's response.
To prepare for this Application:
- Review pp. 145–183 in your course text The Big Questions: A Short Introduction to Philosophy on the nature of truth.
- Review pp. 375–395 in your course text The Big Questions: A Short Introduction to Philosophy on writing philosophy.
- Reflect on the things you think you know: historical events, how much a sports car costs, what a hamburger is made of.
- Think about how you know these things.
- Consider whether or not you could defend these beliefs, and how you would go about it.
- Write a 1- to 2-page paper in which you do the following:
- Defend one idea you believe or know to be true.
- Explain how you would defend your issue or idea.
- Describe what arguments, evidence, and reasons or proof you would use.
- If you are unable to defend your issue or idea, explain why you believe it to be true.
- Citations Must be done in APA Formatting.
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||03/26/2014 12:00 am