Must be in APA formatting.
Application: Social Contract
You enter into or enact contracts on a daily basis. Signing a check or credit card slip at the supermarket, using electricity in your home as agreed upon with your electric company, renting a movie, or using public transportation to get to your work are all examples of oral or written contracts. These contracts are legally binding agreements or promises that are made to you or made by you to another party, for mutual advantage, and can be enforced by the law.
According to social contract theorists, you have also entered into a contract with your society and government when you decided to move to or remain within a territory of an existing society. Social contract theorists, most notably Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, maintain that this agreement between you and your society is the basis of social order, and it legitimizes the power of your government over you, its citizen. In this Application assignment you will analyze the ideas of these three philosophers on the social contract and compare and contrast their theories on the nature and purpose of the state.
Questions about this assignment? Post them in the Contact the Instructor area. That way, everyone in the class will see, and benefit from, the instructor's response.
To prepare for this Application:
- Review the social contract theory of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau in The Philosopher's Way, pp. 568–587, and in The Big Questions, pp. 304–310.
- Consider what the nature of the state should be and how we know that the state is legitimate.
- Reflect on what rights and obligations citizens of a state have.
- In a 2-page paper answer the following questions:
- How would Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau respond to the following statement as they relate to the social contract theory? Morality, not just politics, may be understood as an agreement for mutual advantage. (social contract)
- Is the ideal state best understood as based on a social contract among free and equal persons, or is it the ultimate justification of governmental powers that enable people to have happy lives? What are the limits on governmental power?
- According to Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, what is your role and obligation as a citizen of a state? Please provide specific examples.
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||04/04/2014 12:00 am