Project #27398 - Power point project

need power point for battens disease, 

make power point slides for presentation15 to 20 slides.

 

Try to keep font on slides 28 to 36 ,, Subject is on Battens disease,,,, must have pictures and make it intersting with information below

 

 

 

 

 

Prevalence

 

 

 

Batten's Disease (BD) is a rare and fatal autosomal recessive disease that can be inherited and  affects the nervous system, neurodegenerative disorder all the way from childhood. It is named after Frederick Batten, the British pediatrician who in 1903 first described the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) in its juvenile form (Weleber 1998, 584). Today the scope of the name has been broadened to  three forms of NCL, infantile, late infantile and juvenile stages. All these forms resemble in that they have a common cause; lack of a lysosomal enzyme and have a similar progression and outcome. The disease develops when genes that are defective are unable to synthesize enzymes necessary to get rid of wastes synthesizes by the cells of the brain. Accumulation of these waste in the brain and destroy healthy cells until brain can’t function.

 

 

 

Clinical features

 

 

 

This is a fatal disorder of the nervous system inherited hence its effect is felt from the childhood. Symptoms show up as early as the ages of between five to ten years old. Other features that show on a child earlier on include the challenges in the behavior as well as the personality so that the child starts showing signs of slow learning in school, the child either stumbles when waking or is slow or rather clumsy in the implementation of activities. This signs with time extent to the brain so that the child develops mental challenges, the problems of seizure become severe and worsen, the most terrible consequence of them all is the losses in the motor response and the sight.

 

 

 

Medical conditions

 

 

 

The outcome of this disease often is the gradual development of growth of an infantile form in the head accompanied by malfunction of the legs and feet as a result of the inadequate circulation of blood in those areas of the body (Katz et al 1997, p. 2377). Other likely outcome are the significant reduction in the mass of muscle as well as a large drop in the amount of fat in the body, challenges may also arise in the form of the curvature that the spine takes as well as an accelerated level of ventilation accompanied by spells of breath holds. Constipation and grinding of teeth also are noticeable conditions that accompany this disease. Once these conditions are out there it is only a matter of time before the affected children suffer mental impairment, worsening seizures, and progressive loss of sight, speech and motor skills. Eventually, children with Batten's disease become blind, bedridden, and demented.

 

 

 

Health Care conditions

 

 

 

The disease has no cure and the only form of treatment are aimed at slowing the disease down and hence therefore there is need to ensure that the disease is prevented at all costs possible.

 

 

 

Family and Community Concerns

 

 

 

Considering the adverse effects of this disease there should be adequate care and consideration of the role of community and family in assisting the patients and victims of this disease.

 

 

 

Treatment

 

 

 

Treatment of this disease involves programs that incorporate both the nerve stem cell activation and stimulation treatment. Part of the process is introduction of medicine into the brain of the patient as well as implantation of stem cell. These are accompanied by nutrition, biofeedback treatment as well as rehabilitation. All these processes are aimed at repair and regulation of nervous system to reduce on effects such as speech and motor disturbances. Hence earlier diagnosis and treatments tend to be more effective because although the treatment does not cure completely, it reduces the progress of the diseases significantly (Bensaoula et al 2000, p1746).

 

 

 

Prevention

 

 

 

The prevention is a challenge as it is a hereditary disease occurring in families with hereditary gene.

 

 

 

References

 

 

 

Bensaoula T, Shibuya H, Katz M. L et al (2000). Histopathologic and immuno-cytochemical analysis of the retina and ocular tissues in Batten disease. Ophthalmology ; 107: 1746–1753

 

 

 

Katz M. L, Gao CL, Prabhakaram M. et al (1997). Immunochemical localization of the Batten disease (ClN3) protein in retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1997; 38: 2375–2386

 

 

 

Weleber R.G (1998). The dystrophic retina in multisystem disorders: the electroretinogram in neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Eye 1998; 12: 580–590

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subject Medicine
Due By (Pacific Time) 04/16/2014 12:00 am
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