Project #29874 - Eyewitness Memory

 

One night, Danny happened to be driving into the parking lot of a convenience store just as it was held up and the attendant was killed.  He caught a quick glimpse of a man running from the store, carrying what appeared to be a handgun.  When the police arrived at the scene, Danny was unable to provide much detail regarding the gunman’s appearance.  Nevertheless, they took him to headquarters and showed him hundreds of mug book photographs.  Believing that a man named Raymond had committed the crime, the investigator showed Danny his photograph several times.  After many frustrating hours, during which Danny was unable to identify the killer conclusively, the police investigator handed Danny a photograph of Raymond, saying, “We know this man visited the convenience store tonight.  Is this the man you saw running from the store?”  When Danny said he wasn’t sure, he was allowed to leave and asked to “think more carefully” about what he had seen that night.

Three weeks later, Danny was asked to pick the killer from a line-up of five men, one of whom was Raymond.  Although he remembered feeling uncertain of the identity of the man when he was first questioned, Danny was surprised at how easily and confidently he picked Raymond from the line-up now.

Answer BOTH of the following questions, and be sure to support all your remarks with results of scientific studies we've covered in the Stangor text and in the notes posted under "Content.".

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Note: As always, when considering the questions below, it would be better (i.e., worth more points) if your answers are more informative than a mere “yes” or “no,” or a few sentences.  Keep in mind that each essay is worth 5% of your course grade.  In other words, a response limited to just a couple of sentences is very unlikely to earn credit.  So think very carefully about the question that’s being asked, determine what information is needed to construct a good answer to that question, and then compose your answer in essay form.

1. Explain why Danny couldn’t identify the gunman right after he witnessed him fleeing from the store.

2. Explain why Danny was able to identify Raymond from the line-up several weeks later.

Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 05/04/2014 06:00 pm
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