After reviewing the issues and opinions posted by your peers and receiving feedback from your teacher, write an opinion paper that will show you have thoroughly researched and reflected on this issue. Be sure to choose a particular disorder/disease to use as an example.
How to write a science paper
First things first: The most important rule to remember when writing a paper is to follow the instructions your teacher provides. Teachers always have the prerogative to decide what rules, formats, or procedures they prefer for any paper, so the teacher’s guidelines for any assignment will overrule instructions you find on the Internet or in a style guide.
If your teacher did not assign specific guidelines for your science paper, however, or if your teacher did provide guidelines but you’ve left them at school and you’re now stuck at home—then you can feel safe in following the general practices and preferences for writing science papers.
1. Use headings. Science papers are very structured and typically contain sections with headings. Common sections for science reports--those that involve the results of a study or experiment--are abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion.
If your paper is a response paper (responding to a prompt or question posed by the teacher) you may divide your paper into any appropriate sections and provide headers.
2. Use concise statements. Science writing is more straightforward and concise than other types of writing. Avoid using clever, flowing, or poetic phrases in your science paper—you can save all that for your literature classes. Dramatic or emotional statements sound out of place in science class. Don’t worry--you can use factual statements and still write an interesting, engaging paper.
3. Use supporting details. A science report should explain exactly what happened during a project or experiment. Any time you address a cause and effectin this sequence, you must provide details to support your claims.
4. Use your opinions wisely and appropriately. If you are reporting the results of a project or experiment that you have conducted, you should avoid asserting your opinion about whatshould have happened or why something did or did not happen. Once again, you must always back up your statements with supporting details.
On the other hand, when writing a response paper you may be asked to give your opinion about why something happened. You can certainly state your opinion if your teacher prompts you to.
5. Avoid absolute statements. Be careful about using absolute statements like “always” and “never” in science writing. Remember that all claims must be supported by evidence and very few things are absolute.
6. Do not use contractions. Science writing is formal and concise, much like business writing. No room for frivolity! Contractions are acceptable in less formal writing, but should be avoided in report-type writing.
7. Avoid slang. Teens today are more vulnerable than ever before to slipping into the trap of using slang in their school papers. A whole generation of text-messaging teens have grown so accustomed to using informal language that they sometimes don’t realize exactly what constitutes slang. This will be a big challenge for you! One way to learn formal writing is by reading the newspaper every day.
8. Use the proper tense. If you are writing a report, you should use the past tense to explain what happened.
9. Use active verbs. Avoid using passive verbs. For instance, instead of saying
“When the lights were turned off, the mice reacted…
you could say
“The mice reacted when I turned off the lights.”
10. Do not misuse scientific terms. Some words, like "variable" and "significant result" have very specific meanings in the science world. Be careful not to repeat scientific terms (if you’ve seen them in a report or book) in your paper unless you have a clear understanding of what they mean.
writing an opinion piece
You may be required to write an essay that is based on your own personal opinion about acontroversial topic. Depending on your objective, your composition could be any length, from a short letter to the editor, to a medium-sized speech, or a long research paper. But every piece should contain some basic steps and elements.
1. Collect research to support your opinion. Make sure that your supporting statements match the type of composition you are writing. For example, your evidence will vary from observations (for a letter to the editor) to trustworthy statistics (for a research paper).
2. Acknowledge the previous opinions or arguments that have been made.
"Many students have complained that the dress code implemented by our new headmaster restricts their rights to freedom of expression."
Follow up with a statement that expresses your opinion.
"While I agree that the regulations do hamper my ability to express my individualism, I think the economic burden that the new code brings about is a bigger concern."
4.Be careful not to be too sarcastic:
"Many students come from low-income families and they simply don't have the resources to buy new clothing to suit the headmaster's fashion whims."
This statement contains a bit of a sour note. It would only make your argument less professional-sounding. This statement says enough:
"Many students come from low-income families and they simply don't have the resources to buy new clothing in short notice."
5. Next, list supporting evidence to back up your position.
- "The recent increase in fees has already led to a decrease in enrollment."
- "Some of my friends are struggling to purchase necessities, due to the rising costs."