Project #33420 - Need Done ASAP!!!!

Answer ALL of the following questions.  In doing so, think of your audience as someone who has not taken our class and your job is to explain to this person what you have learned from our readings.

The questions are drawn from Palmer’s book, from Feinberg’s book, and from my Introductory Comments to Units One and Two of our class.  You do not need to use any other sources, but you are welcome to if you want to supplement the material that is in our texts.

DO NOT just cut and paste or copy your answers word for word.  You must put your answers in your own words.  You can quote from sources, but do so sparingly, and then explain those quotes.

YOU NEED TO CITE CAREFULLY and frequently where in our readings you are getting your information.  You are welcome to use parenthetical references and just cite the author and page number.  For example, (Palmer, p. 5), or (Feinberg, p. 6) will suffice.  When your source is the material I have provided on our course blackboard site, you can just say (Introductory Comments to Unit _).

Some of these questions will require longer answers than others.  ALL of your answers should be couched in complete, carefully thought-out sentences.  I expect you to explain our course material on a fair level of depth and sophistication, so just one word or one phrase answers will be inadequate.  Questions (2), (3), (5), and (6), I think, can be answered in a paragraph or two.  Questions (1), (8), (10), and (11) will require perhaps slightly longer answers.  The remaining questions will require answers of a few pages.

You DO NOT need to repeat the questions.  Just number your answers. 

Please submit this assignment by attaching a Microsoft Word file from your computer on the Upload Assignment page, using the link that allows you to browse your computer.  Submitting the exam in this way makes it easy for me to send you comments.

Be sure also to put your name and S Number on your assignment.

 

1.      Who was Socrates?  Why was he important?  How did he die?

 

2.      What is the difference between Epistemology and Metaphysics?

 

3.      What is Moral Relativism?  What is the Cultural Differences Argument in favor of Moral Relativism that was given by Herodotus and, more recently, by Ruth Benedict?

 

4.      What objection to the Cultural Differences Argument was given by James Rachels?  Rachels thought several consequences of taking Moral Relativism seriously undermined its plausibility.  What were these consequences?  Do you agree with him?  Why or why not?

 

5.      What is the difference between Normative and Descriptive Ethics?

6.       What is Natural Law Theory?  What is Divine Command Theory?

 

7.      What does Plato say are the three parts of the soul?  How exactly are these supposed to be analogous to the three classes in Plato’s ideal city?

 

8.      What exactly is Utilitarianism?  What is the difference between saying something is Intrinsically good and saying something is Extrinsically good?  What exactly is it that John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham say isIntrinsically good?  Do you agree with them?  Why or why not?

 

9.      What is the Case of Sam?  What problem with Utilitarianism does it raise?  How have Utilitarians tried to respond to objections like this?

 

10.  What is the Categorical Imperative?  What is Kant’s Third Formulation of this principle?  What, according to Kant, is the difference between a Person and a Mere Thing?

 

11.  What does Onora O’Neill say is the difference between using someone as a means and using someone as a mere means?  What examples does she give to illustrate this distinction?  Give one of your own.

 

12.  Keeping in mind that Utilitarians, when analyzing moral dilemmas, tend to look at harms and benefits, while Kantians tend to ask whether any person’s rights are being violated, answer Question (7) in Palmer’s book, Parts, (A), (B), and (C), on p. 289.  Explain your answers.

 

Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 06/16/2014 11:00 pm
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