Project #34188 - Emerging Infections & GIS Mapping

Class - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) mapping has become an increasingly important and popular topic in the field of public health. More specifically, GIS mapping has been used in community health center and hospital planning, health program planning, fast-food restaurant and health food store distribution, weather event tracking, among many other uses (Centers for Disease Control, 2007).

(1) Based on the Geanuracos et al. (2007) article, how is GIS mapping used in terms of preventing HIV among youth? Do you think such a method is justified? Explain your response.

(2) What other uses do you think GIS mapping may have in terms of public health in the future? For example, could GIS mapping be used effectively in preventing the spread of other diseases, such as an influenza pandemic, per Case 21? Why or why not?

(3) Case 21 presented the concentric circle for vaccine distribution, which is when anyone coming in contact with Case 1 is vaccinated and then geographically distal cases/contacts are vaccinated until new cases cease to be present. Was it reasonable for public health officials to use the concentric ring construct in planning for an influenza outbreak in 2009, or do you think it would have been reasonable to recommend quarantine as a method of containment instead? Explain your response.

(4) What considerations should public health officials take into account in deciding when to launch a vaccine development process for influenza (e.g., population growth, characteristics)? At what level should pandemic preparedness occur: International? National? State? Local? Community? From the ground up? Explain your response. 

References 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007, October 9). CDC GIS web applications. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/gis/applications.htm

Subject Medicine
Due By (Pacific Time) 06/26/2014 07:00 pm
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