Project #37892 - Subject: Sociology, Topic: Busing

Please provide a WELL WRITTEN paper (1 page) on the following:

Do you believe that busing was a "bad idea" from its inception? What do you believe are the benefits of busing, and do those benefits outweigh the criticisms? Why or why not?

At the bottom of the paper, cite your references. 

 

Below is an example of a less-than OK response:

I believe that busing was an essential step to carrying out equal rights during the 70s. The Supreme Court’s ruling sought to desegregate schools. The documentation of violent protests (especially in the south) alarmed the nation and can be seen as an example of social conflict through unequal distribution of rights and opportunity to education. I believe that our society has become slightly more impartial to race. However, institutional prejudice and discrimination still exist, and can be noted in the inadequate resources associated with ‘poor-community’ schools, such as P.S. 261 in the Bronx (Macionis, 2012, p.473). By the late 70s, Berkeley, California reported that busing contributed to both high academic achievement and community harmony in their district, as well as socio-economic and racial integration (Lee, 1977). This is sound proof that given certain environments, busing is capable of enriching the learning environment for students.

My experience growing up in New York City throughout both private (primary) and public magnet (secondary) school was that bussing is also used as a practical means of transportation, and for parents to utilize the school choice policy. Though I was never bused, NYC has so many specialized public schools that busing seems desirable if needed. Like NYC, a study performed on a urban neighborhood in the Mid-west found that busing gives parents the option to apply for magnet school enrolment, as well as changing school’s to better facilitate the child’s needs or avoid ‘failing schools’ (Allen et al., 2011). Therefore, busing serves more then the purpose of it’s initial inception of racial integration.

Some experts contest that meeting optimal class sizes via bussing students should be considered ‘in zone-modeling’ because “lower class sizes are more costly, while class sizes that are too high create an educational disadvantage” (Andrew et al, 2008). Consequently, busing can facilitate optimal class sizes and equal numeric distribution of student bodies, thereby, facilitating better learning.

The trade offs to busing are the costs of transportation, and the disconnect that occurs between school districts and community residents. Today much segregation still exists in our country. Yet, settings such as Berkeley and New York City view busing as a cultural norm and from a structural functional perspective to acquire the best public educational experience for their child, regardless of limited finances.

Subject English
Due By (Pacific Time) 08/15/2014 07:00 pm
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