Project #38420 - personality

lesson 1

A new personality tests needs to be applicable. __________ establishes the boundaries or limitations of a test.

A. Reliability


B. Validity


C. The Barnum Effect


D. Generalizability


The __________ effect relies on the tendency of people to trust experts and to apply vague, general statements to themselves.

A. Meehl


B. Barnum


C. generalizability


D. sucker


__________ is a personality trait that describes how anxious and vulnerable to negative emotions a person is.

A. Anxiety


B. Psychoticism


C. Neuroticism


D. Oedipal complex


The principle that researchers should do no harm to research subjects is known as:

A. natural justice.


B. common sense.


C. Morgan’s Canon.


D. beneficence.


A good starting point for the development of a hypothesis is a(n):

A. experiment.


B. hunch.


C. personality questionnaire.


D. observational study.


Personality tests used to be divided into two kinds: objective and projective. These types are now called:

A. scientific and psychodynamic.


B. statistically derived and theoretically derived.


C. scientific and pop.


D. self-report and performance based


The Common Rule mandates that institutions that conduct research maintain a(n):

A. institutional review board.


B. compensation fund.


C. research approval committee.


D. research ombudsperson.


Many self-report personality tests use __________-type scales which, for example, may ask you to rate from strongly disagree to strongly agree.

A. Cronbach


B. Likert


C. Eysenck


D. Butcher


Personality psychology uses the scientific method to study all of the following EXCEPT:

A. identifying ways in which people are similar and different.


B. explaining how people become the way they are psychologically.


C. predicting how individuals will behave in the future.


D. studying individual differences.


Self and __________ encompass our own sense of who we are including our self-concept and self-esteem.

A. ego


B. traits


C. personality


D. identity


__________ foundation describes how people perceive and think about information about themselves and their world.

A. Cognitive


B. Perceptual


C. Reality


D. Humanistic


As a preliminary step in establishing value of a new personality test that attempts to measure the need for excitement, you give it to a group of accountants and compare their scores with a group of test pilots. You are engaged in the process of testing your scale’s __________ validity.

A. criterion


B. face


C. test-retest


D. construct


One of the most important procedures designed to implement the principle of respect for persons involved in psychological research is:

A. random assignment.


B. informed consent.


C. confidential data collection.


D. subject dialogue.


According to the standards set up by professional organizations in education and psychology, the developers of personality assessments must demonstrate all of the following EXCEPT the test must demonstrate:

A. that the test is valid.


B. that the test is reliable.


C. that the test specify the conditions, populations, and cultures the test applies to.


D. ways to capture physical traits specific to the individual.


Some research suggests that all of the following EXCEPT __________ are related to neurological differences which may be present at birth or develop soon after.

A. extroversion


B. criminal potential


C. neuroticism


D. impulsivity


Most psychologists agree that to understand personality we need to understand all of the following EXCEPT:

A. traits.


B. genetics.


C. superego traits.


D. regulation and motivation


Question 16 of 20


Most psychologists agree that to understand personality we need to understand all of the following EXCEPT:

A. traits.


B. genetics.


C. superego traits.


D. regulation and motivation.


The performance-based test that uses ink blots to assess personality is the:

A. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.


B. Projective Ink Blot.


C. Thematic Apperception.


D. Rorschach.


__________ help scientists ask new questions and suggest both where to look for answers and what kinds of answers they might find.

A. Traits


B. Observations


C. Hypotheses


D. Theories


The textbook lists five categories of projective techniques. All of the following are on the list EXCEPT:

A. deconstruction techniques.


B. association techniques.


C. arrangement or selection of stimuli.


D. expression techniques.


In terms of levels of personality, the textbook suggests that genes are on the __________ level.

A. micro


B. macro


C. meta


D. subconscious



Because traits cannot be directly measured in the same way that weight can, researchers think of traits as __________ concepts.

A. hypothetical


B. illusory


C. statistical


D. experimental


Many studies suggest that the five factors start to become consistent at about age __________ and increase consistency until after age __________.

A. 1; 25


B. 3; 35


C. 3; 50


D. 12; 65


Complete the following quote from Kurt Lewin: "There is nothing so practical as a good __________."

A. research project


B. applied degree


C. psychologist


D. theory


Research suggests that several widely used personality tests seem to contain __________ factors.

A. two


B. five


C. eight


D. ten


Freud believed that an individual’s personality was set by age:

A. 1.


B. 5.


C. 12.


D. 16.


Instead of five factors, Hans Eysenck proposed:

A. four factors.


B. sixteen mini-factors.


C. eleven broad traits.


D. three superfactors.


All of the following are one of the Big Five EXCEPT:


A. psychoticism.


B. openness.


C. agreeableness.


D. conscientiousness.


When Schmitt and Buss factor-analyzed adjectives referring to sexuality they found several factors that they referred to as the:


A. Amorous Eight.


B. Sexy Seven.


C. Erotic Seven.


D. Lascivious Nine.


In developmental research, changes that affect nearly everybody are referred to as __________ changes.


A. mean-level


B. coherent


C. baseline


D. median


An alternative to the five-factor model is a six-factor model known as the __________ model.

i choice b


A. Five + one




C. Three x Two


D. Ashton-Lee


In debating the five-factor model, Eysenck suggested that __________ is more of a cognitive factor and should not be considered a dimension of personality.


A. neuroticism


B. agreeableness


C. openness


D. control


The textbook suggests that the smallest number of factors that can account for human personality is:

A. one.


B. three.


C. five.


D. sixteen.


Because traits cannot be directly measured in the same way that weight can researchers think of traits as ______________ concepts.

a. hypothetical


B. illusory


C. statistical


D. experimental


A statistical procedure used to look at personality effects by combining the data from many different studies is known as __________-analysis. Project Milestone 1 and 2

A. multi factorial


B. meta


C. combinatorial


D. factor


The major difference between five-factor models and six-factor models is the inclusion of __________ as a factor. i choice d

A. Mental Health


B. Openness to Experience


C. Extroversion


D. Honest-Humility


According to research by Rubenzer, U.S. presidents tend to be all of the following compared to the U.S. population at large EXCEPT:

A. more conscientious.


B. more extraverted.


C. less open.


D. less agreeable.


All of the following are findings from research attempting to identify universals in personality EXCEPT:

a. questionnaire measures of the Five-Factor Model reliably replicate across many cultures and languages.


B. openness does not vary significantly from culture to culture.


C. in some cultures more than five factors are needed to fully describe personality.


D. adjectival measures of the Big Five reveal variations of neuroticism, extroversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness but not openness in many different cultures.


Today the factors of the five-factor model are measured using the revised version of the:

A. NEO Personality Inventory.


B. California Personality Inventory.


C. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.


D. Thematic Factor Test


According to Musek the General Personality Factor includes two factors, the Alpha (the emotional stability to get along with others) and the Beta (__________).

A. the general ability to understand the world.


B. the flexibility to deal with change, etc.


C. the willingness to empathize with others.


D. the ability to discharge stress


Gosling, Ko, Mannarelli, and Morris reasoned that when people live in an environment they leave behind behavioral:


A. residue.


B. hints.


C. evidence.


D. "finger prints."


i choose a


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