Project #38575 - Philosophy

PHL1090

Exercise 1.2

 

Name: ___________________________

 

 

 

Read the following passages from Hurley’s exercise 1.1. For each, indicate whether it is an argument or not. If it is an argument, formalize it, identifying the principles and the cases. If it is not an argument, determine the kind of non-argument.

 

Example: Young people at universities study to achieve knowledge and not to learn a trade. We must all learn how to support ourselves, but we must also learn how to live. We need a lot of engineers in the modern world, but we do not want a world of modern engineers. (Winston Churchill, A Churchill Reader, ed. Clin R. Coote)

This is not an argument. No statement serves as a conclusion, and there is no implied conclusion. This is a set of loosely associated statements illustrating one person’s personal view about university studies.

 

 

Now you try it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fictional characters behave according to the same psychological probabilities as real people. But the characters of fiction are found in exotic dilemmas that real people hardly encounter. Consequently, fiction provides us with the opportunity to ponder how people react in uncommon situations, and to deduce moral lessons, psychological principles, and philosophical insights from their behavior. (J. R. McCuen and A. C. Winkler, Readings for Writers, 4th ed.)

 

 

 

Mortality rates for women undergoing early abortions, where the procedure is legal, appear to be as low as or lower than the rates for normal childbirth. Consequently, any interest of the state in protecting the woman from an inherently hazardous procedure, except when it would be equally dangerous for her to forgo it, has largely disappeared. (Justice Blackmun, Roe v. Wade)

 

 

 

Lions at Kruger National Park in South Africa are dying of tuberculosis. "All of the lions in the park may be dead within ten years because the disease is incurable, and the lions have no natural resistance," said the deputy director of the Department of Agriculture. (newspaper clipping)

 

 

 

No business concern wants to sell on credit to a customer who will prove unable or unwilling to pay his or her account. Consequently, most business organizations include a credit department which must reach a decision on the credit worthiness of each prospective customer. (Walter B. Meigs and Robert F. Meigs, Accounting)

 

 

 

 

Dachshunds are ideal dogs for small children, as they are already stretched and pulled to such a length that the child cannot do much harm one way or the other. (Robert Benchley, quoted in Cold Noses and Warm hearts)

 

Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 08/27/2014 03:00 pm
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