EARLY GREEK THEORISTS CONTINUED
Empedocles; 4a: What does he conclude at the end of fragment 2 and say about the beginning of things, the
four elements, and the role of love and strife in fragment 6-8? Characterize the wrong understanding of things outlined in fragments 11-15. What does the vortex help explain 16-27?
Anaxagoras; 4b: Explain his account of the one and the many in fragments 1-9. What role does the mind play in fragments 10-15?
Leucippus & Democritus; 4c: Briefly explain the following from fragments 1-5, Randomness, Necessity, the void, the full. Why do substances (atoms) stay together in fragment 6 and produce compounds in fragment 8? Summarize their view of the senses discussed in fragments 16-2
Protagoras; 5a: Briefly summarize his view of man, the gods, and argument in fragments 1-6.
Gorgias; 5b: List and summarize the four reasons given for HelenÃŠÂ¼s innocence. Are they persuasive?
Dissoi Logi; 5c: Read the selection Concerning Just and Unjust. Summarize three of the arguments presented supporting the thesis that the just and the unjust are the same. Are they convincing, explain?
Antiphon; 5d: Summarize the distinction he makes between nomoi city laws and physics decrees of nature. Why are most of things that are just according to law (nomoi) hostile to nature? Why is the justice that stems from this insufficient to rescue those who submit to it?
Critias; 5e: What is the origin of the laws, and what role does fear of the gods play in society?
Anonymus Iamblichi; 5f: What are the advantages of living in society and obeying its rules?
PLATO: EARLY DIALOGUES: EUTHYPHRO
2b-5a: What are the charges against Socrates, and why is Euthyphro prosecuting his own father?
5d-6e: What according to Socrates should the definition of piety and impiety tell us? What does Euthyphro say
piety is at 5e, and how does he support his claim. Why does it fail as a definition?
7a-9b: State EuthyphroÃŠÂ¼s definition on 7a. Why does it satisfy SocratesÃŠÂ¼ request, yet fail to be a
good definition? At 7b-7e: What kinds of things will the gods agree and disagree about?
9e-11b: State EuthyphroÃŠÂ¼s second definition at 9e. Why does it fail at 11b? At 10a-10e: â€œDo the gods love piety because it pious or is it pious because they love itâ€? How might Socrates answer to this question be linked to the point he was making about calculating, measuring, and weighing above?
12e and 14d: Euthyphro gives two more definitions. What are they?
21a-23b: What is the answer to ChaerephonÃŠÂ¼s question at Delphi? What did Socrates take it to mean? What is
the meaning of Socratic wisdom?
24a-28a: What is SocratesÃŠÂ¼ answer to the charges of corrupting the youth and being a atheist?
29a-31a: In what way does Socrates fulfill his service to the gods and the state by acting as a sort of gadfly, and what according to Socrates is manÃŠÂ¼s greatest good 38a-38b?
CRITO (NEXT PAGE)
PHILOSOPHY 112 HOMEWORK 2
21. 46b-49e: Why does Socrates refuse to escape from prison? List some of the reasons. If an injustice has been done to you, do you have the right to retaliate by doing an evil in return? Explain.
22. 50a-54e: Read carefully SocratesÃŠÂ¼ story about the Law. Why should one be obedient to the laws of the state even if they treated you unjustly? What are the alternatives the law presents?Â
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