Project #41338 - Ethical Dilemma

Part I- Complete the blank Ethical Dilemma Worksheet by referring to the  Law Enforcement Scenario, located below. Use the attached file to fill in your response.

Part II answer Chapter 6 discussion questions thoroughly minimum 400 words.

 Part I- Law Enforcement Scenario

 

Ethical Issue: Law Enforcement                                                                     

                                                                                   

Officer Nixon, a 20-year veteran, and Officer Rook, who has been on the force for less than a year, respond to a reported domestic violence call. When they get there, they observe a man staggering up the walkway to the residence. He drops something and bends down to pick it up. The officers notice that the man is holding what appears to be a set of car keys. They see him put the item in his pocket before he reaches the front door. As the officers park their vehicle, the man opens the door and enters the residence. 

 

The two officers exit their vehicle and approach the front door. The only car on the street is a blue station wagon. Officer Nixon touches the hood of the station wagon and discovers it is still warm to the touch. Before they reach the door, a woman opens it and greets them. She tells the police that she called them because she and her husband had a verbal argument, and when her husband left the house, she started to worry about him. Now that he is home, she states, she no longer needs their services. She denies being hit—despite the dispatcher’s indications to the contrary. No injuries are visible.    

 

The husband joins his wife at the door, and the police ask him some questions to corroborate his wife’s story. The police notice that he is slurring his words and has other objective symptoms of intoxication. They ask the man if he had been driving. The husband and wife exchange nervous glances, and the wife says that he has not. The husband then tells the officer that he went for a walk around the block to cool off.  

 

The couple admits that they only own one vehicle, and it is the blue station wagon parked on the street in front of the residence. The wife states that she has not driven the car all day. The husband states that he parked the car there when he returned home from work 4 hours ago. They ask him to empty his pockets. In his front pocket, there are a set of keys. He tells the officers that he put the keys in his pocket when he came home from work and he has not taken them out since. 

 

The husband fails to perform satisfactorily when field sobriety tests are administered. A preliminary alcohol-screening device reveals that the husband’s blood alcohol level is .20, twice the legal limit. In this jurisdiction, to arrest someone for a misdemeanor charge of driving while under the influence, the police must actually observe the individual driving the vehicle. If the individual is not observed driving, the conviction will be thrown out. 

 

Based on his training and experience, Officer Nixon is convinced that the husband was driving the car immediately before they pulled up to the residence. To arrest for domestic violence, the officers must either observe an assault or the victim must have visible injuries. 

 

What should the officers do?  

 

 

Part II- CHAPTER 6 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1.  Judges have degrees from law schools and experience practicing law. Few have backgrounds in scientific. Yet they are called upon to make rulings on whether scientific evidence is admissible at trial. The Daubert rule gives them the authority to review the evidence and decide if a new test has a sufficiently solid scientific foundation to be admitted in court. The Frye rule gives the judge the task of determining whether a test is accepted by a sufficient portion of the scientific community. Is the judge the appropriate person to be making these decisions? What other process could be developed to better assess whether scientific evidence should be admitted and “junk science” excluded from trial?

 

2.  The criminal courts are faced with a perplexing problem when young children are key witnesses in a case. In some cases, such as sexual molestation, the victim may be the only witness. It is frequently difficult to qualify a child as a competent witness. Even when it is achieved, the child is emotional traumatized by testifying and being subjected to cross examination. Is there a better way to handle these cases that preserve the rights of the defendant without inflicting harm on the victim? 

Subject Law
Due By (Pacific Time) 09/28/2014 05:00 pm
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