Project #42271 - Psychology

Text: Psychology Core Concepts: Zimbardo, Johnson and Hamilton 7TH DSM 5 EDITION

 

PSY 203

Objective Questions

 

Objectives 1

 

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​Define Psychology.

2.​Distinguish between the micro, molecular, and macro levels of analysis.

3.​Describe the major goals of psychology.

4.​Describe what psychologists do and give some examples of the kinds of questions they may be interested  in investigating.

5.​Summarize the history of the major theoretical approaches to psychology.

6.​Describe seven current psychological perspectives.

7.​Describe how the concerns of psychologists have evolved with the larger culture.

 

 

Objectives 2

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​Explain the concept of observer bias and cite some techniques experimenters use to eliminate personal bias.

2.​Define placebo effect and explain how it might be avoided.

3.​Define reliability and validity and explain the difference between them.

4.​Describe various psychological measurement techniques, such as self report, behavioral, and physiological measures.

5.​Define correlational methods and explain why it does not establish a cause-and-effect relationship.

6.​Summarize the American Psychological  Association’s ethical guidelines for the treatment of humans and animals in psychological experiments, and explain why they are necessary.

7.​Discuss some ways to be a wiser consumer of research.

8.​Describe how a hypothesis leads to a particular experimental design.

9.​Discuss how job burnout develops, how it can be studied, and how psychologists can intervene to prevent or combat it.

 

 

 

 

 

Objectives 3

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​Explain the major concepts of evolutionary theory, such as natural selection and variation.

2.​Identify several methods used to study the brain and give a significant finding associated with each.

3.​Identify the major structures and specialized functions of the brain.

4.​Cite examples of how the endocrine system affects mood and emotion.

5.​List and describe the major divisions and subdivisions of the nervous system and the functions of each.

6.​Describe the structure of a neuron.

7.​Explain the mechanism of neural transmission.

8.​Describe the process of synaptic transmission and list the six important neurotransmitters.

9.​Describe hemispheric separation and individual differences pertaining to it.

10.​Explain how amnesic patients can be studied to understand normal memory processes.

 

Objectives 4

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​Cite examples of the brain’s capacity to adapt to environmental change.

2.​Explain how early experience can affect brain mechanisms that influence stress tolerance in later life.

3.​Cite research studies that contribute to an understanding of the role enriched environments play in brain development.

4.​Describe the concept of critical periods of development and cite the evidence that supports or contradicts it.

5.​Explain how individual maturation is controlled by social needs and group behavior.

6.​Describe the sociobioloigcal approach to the explanation of behavior and compare it to the explanation given by proponents of human behavior genetics.

7.​Explain the value of observation studies of animals in their natural habitats and how these studies complement laboratory research.

8.​Describe various methods currently in use for studying the brain.

9.​Describe the interactions between the brain and the endocrine system.

10.​Indentify the specialized functions associated with each of the four lobes of the brain.

 

Objectives 5

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​State the primary interest of developmental psychologists.

2.​Describe the various ways that development is documented, including longitudinal, cross sectional and sequential.

3.​Describe cognitive development across the lifespan.

4.​Identify Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.

5.​Describe some contemporary perspectives on early cognitive development.

6.​Describe physical development across the lifespan.

7.​Describe how habituation studies can be used on infants to determine what they can understand.

8.​Describe several ways that we know infants are not born as blank slates, but instead, come equipped with temperaments, preferences, and biases.

9.​Describe several ways that the environment is known to affect skills and behaviors.

 

Objectives 6

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​Describe the structure of language, including syntax, grammar, and semantics.

2.​Define a child’s “language making capacity.”

3.​Provide evidence of the universality of language acquisition and the way it progresses.

4.​Explain Chomsky’s hypothesis that humans are born with an innate biological capacity for language acquisition.

5.​Explain how “motherese” (or “parentese”) helps babies learn to communicate.

6.​Describe the use of intonation by both young children and adults in their communication with each other.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objective 7

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​Define and compare sensation and perception.

2.​Describe how a visual stimulus gets translated into “sight” in the brain.

3.​Describe the field of psychophysics.

4.​Be able to distinguish distal and proximal stimuli.

5.​Explain why illusions provide clues to perceptual mechanisms.

6.​Describe Gestalt psychology.

7.​Describe the phenomenon of perceptual constancy.

8.​Describe the psychological dimensions of sound and the physiology of hearing.

9.​Describe the difference between top-down and bottom up processing.

10.​Discuss the senses of smell, taste and touch.

 

 

Objectives 8

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1.​Define learning.

2.​Describe the process of classical conditioning and show how it demonstrates learning by association.

3.​Cite examples of extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalizations, and discrimination.

4.​Describe the process of operant conditioning.

5.​Know the distinction between positive and negative punishment and between positive and negative reinforcement.

6.​Describe how observational learning occurs.

7.​Discuss the varieties of reinforcement schedules, including fixed  ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval and variable interval.

8.​Describe cognitive influence on learning.

9.​Describe biological constraints on learning and some possible effects that learning can have on the functioning of the body.

 

 

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Due By (Pacific Time) 10/07/2014 12:00 am
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