# Project #42313 - Finance M5C

## Net present Value, Mergers, and acquisitions

One of financial goals of the financial managers is to maximize the shareholders’ wealth. Therefore, merger and acquisition decisions should be consistent with shareholder wealth maximization criteria and financial characteristics of the targets should be considered in the decision process. The NPV method is one of the useful methods that help financial managers to maximize shareholders’ wealth.

Thsis Assignment has two parts. Part I of this case assignment is related to capital budgeting decision and part II is about mergers and acquisitions. Please read both parts carefully before you start answering the questions.

### Assignment

Part I:

Net Present Value (NPV) method is one of the most important methods which is used to make capital budgeting decisions by almost every company. NPV method is important because it helps financial managers to maximize shareholders’ wealth by making better capital budgeting decisions.

Suppose Google (http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=goog&ql=1) is considering a new project that will cost \$2,425,000 (initial cash outflow). The company has provided the following cash flow figures to you:

 Year Cash Flow 0 -\$2,425,000 1 450,000 2 639,000 3 700,000 4 550,000 5 1,850,000

If Google's cost of capital (discount rate) is 11%, what is the project's net present value? Based on your analysis and findings, what would you recommend to the executives and the shareholders of Google? Should the project be accepted? The shareholders of Google would also like to know the meaning of NPV concept.

You may use the following steps to calculate NPV:

1. Calculate present value (PV) of cash inflow (CF)

PV of CF = CF1 / (1+r)1 + CF2 / (1+r)2 + CF3 / (1+r)3 + CF4 / (1+r)4 + CF5 / (1+r)5

2. Calculate NPV

NPV = Total PV of CF – Initial cash outflow

or

-Initial cash outflow + Total PV of CF

r = Discount rate (11%)

If you do not know how to use a calculator for these calculations, please use the present value tables.

Brealey, R.A., Myers, S.C., & Allen, F. (2005). Principles of corporate finance, 8th Edition. The McGraw−Hill. Retrieved May 2012 from http://jcooney.ba.ttu.edu/fin3322/Brealey%20Files/Appendix%20A%20-%20Present%20Value%20Tables.pdf

Part II:

Rumors that Google is Considering Acquiring Groupon

Rumors about potential mergers and acquisitions are often a hot topic in the business press. There are rumors that Google is considering acquiring Groupon (http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=GRPN&ql=0).

As you know from reading the material in the background materials, mergers and acquisitions can potentially bring about great rewards but also can potentially bring great risks and pitfalls. For this assignment, do some research concerning the arguments both for and against such an acquisition from a financial perspective. For this module we are not so concerned with how consumers may fair, as this is an issue for the government to consider if they have to approve this acquisition. Instead you are considering this from the point of view of whether or not such an acquisition would be a profitable undertaking that would add value to the shareholders of two corporations (Google and Groupon).

The following article provides information on Google's potential acquisition of Groupon:

Lachapelle, T. (2012). Buying groupon hard for anyone as growth slows: real m&a. Retrieved December, 2012 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-12-11/buying-groupon-hard-for-anyone-as-growth-slows-real-m-a.html?link=mktw

But do not limit yourself to this article. Use Proquest, EbscoWeb, and other sources in the Cyberlibrary. Use various internet search engines such as news.google.com for the latest news on this acquisition. Then write a five to seven pages report for the shareholders of Google and Groupon by answering the following questions and the questions in part I:

1) Do you think Google's potential acquistion of Groupon would add value to the shareholders of both corporations?  Why or why not?

2) Based on your analysis and findings (Part I and Part II), what would you recommend to the shareholders of Google and Groupon? Please explain your reasoning.

The main focus of this assignment will be answering the questions above and the questions in part I.

• The impact on Google shareholders
• The impact on Groupon shareholders
• The financial conditions of both corporations (do not forget to consider the new project proposed by Google in part I)
• Why might one combined Google/Groupon company be more profitable than if they remained separate companies? In general, what makes an acquisition successful?
• Potential pitfalls - might the combined entity actually be less profitable than either company operating independently? What are the risk factors with this potential acquisition?

In addition to making use of concepts from the background materials for this module, feel free to use concepts from Modules 1-4 as well.

NOTE: Please note that your report/assignment will not be accepted without proper citations and references. You must use the sources from the background material together with the sources you find your own. It is also REQUIRED that you answer all the questions related to learning outcomes.

### Assignment Expectations

In the  Assignment, you are expected to:

• Describe the purpose of the report and conclusion.
• Answer the Case Assignment questions clearly and provide necessary details. The first paragraph should include direct answers to the assignment questions, with the body of your paper focused on defending your answer.
• Write clearly and correctly—that is, no poor sentence structure, no spelling and grammar mistakes, and no run-on sentences.
• Provide citations to support your argument and references on a separate page. Use APA format to provide citations and references [http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/].
• Answer all the Case Assignment questions in an essay format. Do not type questions in the paper.
• Type and double-space the paper.
• Whenever appropriate, please use Excel to show supporting computations in an appendix, present financial information in tables, and use the data computed to answer follow-up questions. In finance, in addition to being able to write well, it’s important to present information in a professional manner and to analyze financial information. This is part of the assignment expectations and will be considered for grading purposes.

 Subject Business Due By (Pacific Time) 10/13/2014 12:00 am
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