Project #42555 - NEW GENETICS QUESTIONS

1. how is genetic information expressed so that it affects an organisms structure and function?

2. draw a simple line diagram showing a segment of DNA from a gene and its RNA Transcript, indicating which DNA strand is the template, the direction of transcription and the polarities of all DNA and RNA strands.

3. explain how the genetic code relates to transcription and translation.

4. describe the types of DNA regions that do not encode proteins: the general organization, possible functions, and frequency genes and non-gene DNA sequences in a typical eukaryotic genome.

5. how do the results of molecular genetic studies in model organisms help us understand aspects of human genetics and genetic diseases?

6. justify why information on functions of human genes can often be acquired through studies of simple model organisms such as yeast, nematode worms, and fruit flies.

7. compare the benefits and limitations of using model organisms to study human genes and human genetic diseases. Identify specific cases where insights from model organisms have provided crucial insights into human disease.

8. interpret bioinformatics data to compare homologous genes in different species and infer relative degrees of evolutionary relatedness.

9. use comparative data from multiple species to identify which regions of a protein, pathway, regulatory system, etc. are critical for function.

10. Explain the meaning of ploidy (haploid, diploid, aneuploid, etc) and how it relates to the number of homologues of that chromosome.

11. differentiate between a gene and an allele, including the recognition that genes may have many alleles.

12. describe how the positions of individual genes on a given chromosome are related to their positions on the homolog of that chromosome.

13. explain the functional significance of packaging DNA into chromosomes and lack of correlation between chromosome size and genetic information content.

 

 

 

THE ANSWERS CANNOT BE LONG. PROFESSOR SAID THEY CAN BE EXPLAINED IN A FEW GOOD SENTENCES. 

Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/07/2014 03:00 am
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