Project #4274 - IDS only Two question

Instructions:  Listed below are four questions. Everyone will answer Question 1. You may then choose one of the remaining four questions to answer. QUESTION 1:  Herbert Simon and Allen Newell explored human decision making, management science, and artificial intelligence.  In class we discussed Simon’s rational decision making process.  According to ( http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Herbert_Simon  ) “The task of rational decision-making, said Simon, is thus to select the alternative that results in the more preferred set of consequences.”   Describe how you would use the Simon-Newell rational decision making process to purchase a new vehicle.  Was there bounded rationality involved? What does that mean?  Is your decision satisficing”?  What does that mean? QUESTION 2:  .Social networking has taken on a new face with the introduction of Facebook Home.  While some think it is a take-off on existing products ( http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2417477,00.asp ) Facebook makes big claims for the new phone app and operating system.  ( http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2417425,00.asp )  Evaluate the new product, indicating your standard for evaluation and any comparison you are making with other existing phones.  Address the validity of criticism from Windows.  Be sure to cite your research from multiple sources. QUESTION 3:  In class we explored two “learning” expert systems which interrogated the user until they were able to instantiate an answer.  The first was “guess the dictator” and the second was a marker board version of Apple’s early “animals” program.  Explain how these programs work, why with extensive use they might need to be revised or restarted, how they might encounter errors, and how they might feature forward and /or backward chaining. QUESTION 4:  Fragmentation "(1) Refers to the condition of a disk in which files are divided into pieces scattered around the disk. Fragmentation occurs naturally when you use a disk frequently, creating, deleting, and modifying files. At some point, the operating system needs to store parts of a file in noncontiguous clusters. This is entirely invisible to users, but it can slow down the speed at which data is (sic) accessed because the disk drive must search through different parts of the disk to put together a single file."   ( http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/f/fragmentation.html )  Describe why files might be stored in non-contiguous locations and how defragmentation reduces the number of non-contiguous clusters on a hard drive.  Be sure to cite your research sources.  

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Due By (Pacific Time) 04/15/2013 12:00 am
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