Project #42877 - community health

 I just need someone to review thi s for originality and help me with citing the sources. Thanks



A. Bernalillo County Bernalillo County was established 8 January 1852. It was one of the seven Partidos, established during Mexican rule. It may have been named for the Gonzales-Bernal family that lived in the area before 1692. The county seat is Albuquerque. Bernalillo County has a high volume of commerce, farming, business, and real estate sales. Albuquerque has been thriving since 1706 and is the center of activity for fairs and conventions. B1. Population size 2013- 674,221. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014.





Under 5 years old- 6.4%


18yrs old 23.2%


Over 65 yrs 13.6%


Median age of residents in 2010: 35 years old


Races in Bernalillo County, New Mexico:


Hispanic or Latino (47.9%)


White Non-Hispanic Alone (41.5%)


American Indian and Alaska Native alone (4.0%)


Black Non-Hispanic Alone (2.5%)


Asian alone (2.2%)


Two or more races (1.7%)


Estimated median household income in 2009: $45,545 ($38,788 in 1999).


Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 15.9%.


Mean travel time to work (commute): 21.3 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 93.2%New Mexico youth risk & resiliency survey: 2003 report of state results. (2004). ( 2014)





B2. Neighborhood/community safety inventory


Crime in 2005 Zip Code 87111(reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total)


Murders: 11


Rapes: 35


Robberies: 116


Assaults: 704


Burglaries: 841


Thefts: 1298

Auto thefts: 462 (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014.





2005 air pollution in Bernalillo County:


Carbon Monoxide: 3 ppm (standard limit: 9 ppm). Near U.S. average.


Nitrogen Dioxide: 0.016 ppm (standard limit: 0.053 ppm). Near U.S. average.New Mexico American Indian health status report 2005. (2005)

Much like the rest of the country, cancer is a leading cause of death in Bernalillo County, accounting for about one in five deaths registered each year among county residents. In 2009, just over 1,000 county residents died from cancer, of which about 250 deaths occurred in persons under the age of 65 years. Although much is known about the prevention, detection, and treatment of cancer, this information does not always reach everyone. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014.





Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 15.2


Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 7.7


Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 46.77

Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 90.3. New Mexico Department of Health. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014.





B3. Disaster assessment and planning.


Most recent natural disasters:


New Mexico White Fire, Incident Period: April 3, 2011, Fire Management Assistance Declared: April 3, 2011.


New Mexico Malpais Fire, Incident Period: June 15, 2006, Fire Management Assistance Declared: June 16, 2006.


New Mexico Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: April 2, 2004 to April 11, 2004, Major Disaster. (CDC, 2013)


Persons 65 years and older and children 5 years and younger and people in poverty are most likely to be affected by a disaster.


Below is a disaster plan for my community-


Identify and locate dangerous areas.


Re-locate people and belongings to places outside of these dangerous areas.


Inform and educate the community about the hazards they are vulnerable to and the ways to avoid them.


B4. Cultural Assessment


Most people in Albuquerque are younger aged. I've noticed that most of the older population live on the outskirts of the city. We are the home to dozens of Native American pueblos, tribes and nations. There is also over 500 years of Hispanic culture to discover; as well as the great history of the True West, and Billy the Kid. All of these influences can be found and experienced in the modern New Mexico of today.


B5. Scavenger Hunt


The organizations I visited are listed below-


WIC- WIC is a program for low income pregnant and nursing women. The target population are pregnant women (through pregnancy and up to 6 weeks after birth or after pregnancy ends). Breastfeeding women (up to infant's 1st birthday) Nonbreastfeeding postpartum women and Infants (up to 1st birthday). WIC serves 53 percent of all infants born in the United States. Children up to their 5th birthday. WIC advertises its services to the community by using referrals from doctor offices, hospitals, and clinics.


WIC provides pamphlets and brochures to the public that are easy to read and understand. They come in both English and Spanish.


Health Department- New Mexico health department staff members are nice but seem impatient. The Health department has 3 different bus stops nearby. The New Mexico Health department provide medical care as well as vaccinations. The NM health department has a website that provided details about services offered.

YMCA- The YMCA offers Child Care: Safe, nurturing environment for children to learn, grow and develop social skills Education & Leadership: Knowledge, character development, guidance and encouragement to help youth develop and realize their potential Swim, Sports & Play: Positive, fun activities that build athletic, social skills Camp: Exciting, safe environment for young people to explore the outdoors, build self-esteem, develop interpersonal skills and make lasting friendships and memories. The staff members are very respectful and provided adequate information for me as well as gave me an application packet and pamphlets. My son has autism and I think this organization would be a great place for him to socialize. The YMCA does have fees but the fees can be waived or reduced for low income families.


Meals on Wheels- are programmers that deliver meals to individuals at home who are unable to purchase or prepare their own meals. The name is often used generically to refer to home-delivered meals programs, not all of which are actually named "Meals on Wheels". Because they are homebound, many of the recipients are the elderly, and most of the volunteers are also elderly but are able to drive wheeled vehicles. The Meals on wheels location in my community is located near a senior community for easier access. The staff members are very helpful and speak both English and Spanish. The internal building is very neat and clean. The external building is old but in good shape. The organization has a wonderful website that provides information about the services offered.



Planned Parenthood- Planned parenthood provides STD testing, birth control, cancer screening, and abortion services. I have noticed that the organization does not advertise the services on billboards but more word of mouth. Planned parenthood accepts health insurance and they do offer payment plans for services. Most of the staff members are Hispanic and speak both English and Spanish. The facility is very clean and has brochures and pamphlets available in both English and Spanish. I did see antiabortion protesting standing on in front of the building.

Senior Center- The Senior center in my community offers educational and social activities that include: computing, health management, musical concerts, lectures, theater, pottery, breakfast, lunch, and support groups. Recreational and sports activities include hiking,, aerobics, and a range of other indoor and outdoor sports and fitness opportunities. The members seemed very happy and greeted me as I walked in. Staff members are very friendly with a professional appearance. The organization is located near 2 bus stops.





Smith's , Walgreens ,and Walmart Super Center. Residents seem to travel to these sites via privately owned vehicles. There are many small privately owned businesses like coffee shops, restaurants in the center of the city.




People get around via their own vehicles. There are numerous bus stops and train stations throughout the city. Newly developed areas and main highways are well maintained . In the rural areas there are some roads that are not paved.




We saw the local newspaper building which is called The Albuquerque Journal. There are billboards and posters all throughout the central/downtown part of the city.


Service Centers


There is one main hospital UNM which is a trauma one hospital. UNM is surrounded by many medical buildings. There are some family practice offices in different areas of this area. The schools are spread throughout Albuquerque.


People in the Community


In the historic area we saw a woman opening her shop by putting a sign out on the side walk. We saw two older men sitting on a bench drinking coffee. and a woman walking her dog. There are a lot of homeless people sleeping in parks and under freeway bridges.




We did notice that there are a lot of auto dealership and auto body shops as well as banks and gas stations throughout the city.


Protective Services


There are 7 fire stations equally distributed through the city. We saw 3 fire station, 2 police station and a few police patrolling throughout the city.




On observation, we mainly noted Caucasian and hispanic ethnicity. There are a number of mexican restaurants and stores throughout the city




We observed a lot of christian churches throughout region.


Health and Morbidity


We noticed some overweight individuals in the community and some people smoking were observed during our windshield survey.




No evidence noted of current political activities. There were signs and posters around for advertisement of who to vote for.


C1. Description of selected community.


. My community is very quiet and people usually keep to themselves. I would not choose any other community to live in my county. The population is fair. The homes are well kept. I would like to see a hospital and shopping centers closer to my area. My community is not very diverse but I see diversity as I get closer to the bigger cities.

C2. The collected data of epidemiology shows In 2012, there were 16,640 deaths among New Mexico residents, translating to an age-adjusted death rate of 749.4 deaths per 100,000, population adjusted to U.S. standard population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.).





The leading cause of death among New Mexico residents was Malignant Neoplasm (Cancer) with 3,422 deaths, exceeding Heart Disease with 3,306 deaths. Accidents (Unintentional Injuries) accounted for 1,331 deaths.


Infant mortality, which is deaths of children under 1 year of age per 1,000 live births, was higher in


New Mexico in 2012 (6.9) than in 2011 (5.2). New Mexico's rate was higher than the 2010 U.S. rate of 6.2. These cancer death rates can be decreased with prompt interventions and smoking cessation. New Mexico youth risk & resiliency survey: 2003 report of state results. (2004).


C.3. Identification of top 3 problems in relation to healthy people 2020 objectives.


Smoking is a big issue in my community. I see a lot of teenagers smoking as well. I see more younger people smoking more often.


Poverty is another issue in the community. I have never seen so many homeless people until I moved to Albuquerque. The poverty level is extremely high. Homeless people are seen mostly at freeway entrances and exits. Teen pregnancy is at an all time high in my community The high school drop issues are partly due to young teenage girls becoming pregnant and being unable to finish school because they have to get jobs to be able to support the child. I have noticed a lot of young pregnant homeless girls as well.


C4b. Availability of community resources.


The supportive Housing Coalition of New Mexico and Joy Junction are both agencies that help provide food and shelter to homeless people in my community. UNM Tobacco cessation and American Lung Association are programs to assist with smoking cessation and are located in the central part of the city. Teen pregnancy prevention starts in the home. Schools are also have sex education classes and there are a number of organizations that will provide low cost or free birth control such as the health department or planned parenthood.


C5. The biggest contributor to disease and premature death in my community is smoking. The community health concerns discussed my local newspaper at the moment is homelessness. People in my community are concerned about health care availability and poverty. There are so many people living in Bernalillo county without health insurance due to unemployment or immigrant status. Asthma and other lung relates issues generate the most hospital admissions and ER visits in my community. Smoking is one of the most preventable problems to deal with. I believe tobacco is reducing the quality of life in my community. If the price of cigarettes increased making it unaffordable then people might quit. At least that's what I hope.






New Mexico youth risk & resiliency survey: 2003 report of state results. (2004). Santa Fe, N.M.: New Mexico Dept. of Health.


Capper, S., & Ginter, P. (2002). Public health leadership & management: Cases and context. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.


New Mexico American Indian health status report 2005. (2005). Santa Fe, NM: New Mexico Department of Health. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014.




Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Retrieved








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