Project #43355 - Sustainable tourism

Tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing industries and is a major source of income for many countries. Being a people-oriented industry, tourism also provides many jobs which have helped revitalise local economies.

However, like other forms of development, tourism can also cause its share of problems, such as social dislocation, loss of cultural heritage, economic dependence and ecological degradation. Learning about the impacts of tourism has led many people to seek more responsible holidays. These include various forms of alternative or sustainable tourism such as: ‘nature-based tourism’, ‘ecotourism’ and ‘cultural tourism’. Sustainable tourism is becoming so popular that some say that what we presently call ‘alternative’ will be the ‘mainstream’ in a decade.

All tourism activities of whatever motivation – holidays, business travel, conferences, adventure travel and ecotourism – need to be sustainable. Sustainable tourism is defined as “tourism that respects both local people and the traveller, cultural heritage and the environment”. It seeks to provide people with an exciting and educational holiday that is also of benefit to the people of the host country.







  • To appreciate the benefits and problems arising from various forms of tourism, especially in terms of social equity and the environment;
  • To develop a critical awareness of the ways in which tourism can enhance the welfare of people and protect our natural and cultural heritage;
  • To promote a personal commitment to forms of tourism that maximise rather than detract from sustainable human development and environmental quality; and
  • To plan ways of teaching about sustainable tourism


  1. The rise of tourism
  2. The benefits and problems of mass tourism
  3. The benefits and problems of ecotourism
  4. Being an enlightened traveller
  5. Reflection

Answer the following questions by gathering information during your journey to the West Coast (Hordalan Municipality). You may use all sources of information such as:

·         Internet

·         Mobile phone

·         Interviews

·         Tourism Office

·         Books, articles, etc.

On seccion 5, you will need to write a 500 words REFLECTION essay. By answering the questions from section 1 til 4 you need REFLECT on the answers in such a way that you will put together all the knowledge you’ve gathered and write the 500 words essay.

You will call your Essay: Sustainable tourism


This is the criteria for the turn paper:

Front page should include:

                        Picture related to Sustainable tourism

                        Name of the student


The REFLECTION ESSAY should be writen in:

                        Times News Roman 12 points with 1.5 cm between lines

                        Margine of 2cm on both sides and 2,5cm top and bottom

Include pictures and examples in order to show what you have reflected on.

                        Staple your turn paper.


DUE DATE: Monday the 22nd of September.

NB: This paper will count as a major evaluation on your English Subject.

1.- The rise of tourism

«A sustainable approach to tourism means that neither the natural environment nor the socio-cultural fabric of the host communities will be impaired by the arrival of tourists. On the contrary, the natural environment and the local communities should benefit from tourism, both economically and culturally. Sustainability implies that tourism resources and attractions should be utilised in such a way that their subsequent use by future generations is not compromised.»

Source: World Tourism Organisation (2000) Report of Multistakeholder Working Group on Tourism


a)      What is World Tourism Organisation (WTO)?


b)      In which way the city of Bergen is promoting and developing tourism with a view to contributing to economic development?


c)      How is the community of Hordaland protecting their cultural heritage and natural landmarks


d)     What kind of tourist are to be found in Bergen and its landmarks?


e)      Which kind of tourist has the least harmful impact on the culture and environments they visit? Why?

2.- The benefits and problems of mass tourism

Like all forms of development, tourism can have both positive and negative impacts. The aim of sustainable tourism is to maximise benefits such as job creation, foreign exchange earnings and new infrastructure while safeguarding cultural heritage and living culture and minimising negative environmental and social impacts, especially of mass tourism.


a)      We can learn a lot about mass tourism by looking at how destinations are marketed by the local authorities. All the marketing adds for the tourist destinations and landmarks in Bergen are products that are ‘constructed’ as mental images to appeal to consumers.

a.      What aspects of Bergen are highlighted in these images?

b.      What have the writers assumed the tourists want?

c.       How successfully does the material stimulate your interest? How is your interest beig stimulated just by looking at it?

d.      What images of norwegian people are presented in these adds?

e.      How well do you think norwegian people would recognise themselves in the images? Why?

f.        What impact would this have on the life and work of the norwegian people?

3.- The benefits and problems of ecotourism

The International Ecotourism Society says: «Purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the culture and natural history of the environment, taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem, while producing economic opportunities that make the conservation of natural resources beneficial to local people.»



a)      Will visiting the fjords will benefit from ecoturism? Why?

b)      Can ecotourism harm the norwegian fjords? How?

c)      Does ecotourism affect the people of living in the norwegian the fjords? How?


4.- Being an enlightened traveller

The World Tourism Organisation (WTO) argues that, with care and proper policies, the cultural and environmental heritage of an area can be protected. One requirement is that tourists themselves act in ways which will sustain rather than damage host cultures and environments and follow an appropriate code of ethics.

«Tourists’ who follow such a code of ethics often prefer to call themselves ‘travellers»


a)      What is the difference between TRAVELER and TOURIST?

b)      As an enlighted TRAVELER, what do you need to take into consideration before you og on a journey throughout the norwegian fjords? and what does it has to do with SUSTAINABLE TOURISM?

c)      How can Tour perators support and encourage  SUSTAINABLE TOURISM in Hordaland?




Subject English
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/14/2014 12:00 am
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