Project #44289 - Modern Composer/ Music Paper

Modern Composer

Paper #2

Modern Composer Instruction and Resources

Modern Composers: a reaction/research paper

John Cage, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Steve Reich are composers who lived, or are living, and composed in the 20th century. Each of these composers challenged the conceptions of music/sound/art. The purpose of this paper is to choose one composerand react to his ideas. I expect to read no commentary on the visual/aural appearance of the person themselves (i.e. this guy has a strange look, strange way of speaking, and the like).

  • You will watch a YouTube video (links provided) of the composers speaking to get a basic idea of his respective concept of music, sound, and art; then choose the composer you wish to research further. You will then do research into the biography and musical output of the composer to further your understanding of his philosophy on music.
  • You should think of your philosophy of music: what is music and how does music differ from sound (or does it)? Listen to these composers, look up some of their pieces (you can search for them on YouTube), look up their biography (know when they lived, if they composed this way their whole lives), and try to figure out why their philosophy is so different, so cutting edge, in “classical” music.
  • React to his philosophy. Why is it valid? If it differs from your philosophy of music, why are his still valid? How do they expand your way of thinking? These people changed the expectations of music and music produced after their time.

You should come up with conclusions about these philosophies and base the content of your paper on those conclusions.  You may use the first person, but sparingly—you should infuse information about the person, their works, and how they represent these philosophies. You should really think about how these ideas are different from, for example, Beethoven’s music, Josquin’s music, the Beatles’ music, and so on, but if you also see connections to music you are familiar with, expand on that as well.

You can use points of entry or interest to discuss each of these composers’ styles:

  • • John Cage and dance (he worked with Merce Cunningham)
  • • Steve Reich and Minimalist art movements
  • • Karlheinz Stockhausen and “technology”
  • •Any of the composers and different Eastern or Western philosophies

A good paper will have a thesis that tries to argue a point about one composer’s philosophy of music in relation to history or common conceptions of “what music is.” This paper is to be a reaction, yes, but your arguments need to be based in research.

Please edit carefully for typographical, spelling, and grammatical errors. I recommend slowly reading your paper aloud to yourself, as you become much more aware of these errors when you force yourself to speak the words (rather than just skimming). You might also enlist the help of a trustworthy friend who can read and comment on your paper as well; the Writing Center on campus is a good resource to use. Refer to the rubric under "Modern Composer" in assignments for written assignments for guidance on what comprises a strong paper. Please note that simply running SpellCheck does NOT constitute proofreading your paper.

Your paper should be 1250-1500 words (approx. 4-5 pages), doubled-spaced in a standard 12-point font (Times New Roman is preferred), with 1” margins on each edge of the page. You should include, at the top of the first page, the title of your paper; your name; the course & section numbers; instructor’s name; documentation style; and a count of the words in the body of your paper. (If you do not know how to count only the body of your paper, please ask.) Please do not insert this information as a “running header” - it needs only to appear on the first page. (Observe the word count - if you are significantly under the minimum, look for areas where you could elaborate and provide more information. If you are significantly over the maximum, look for areas where you are needlessly wordy and eliminate irrelevant or unrelated information.)

Your paper should use at least four sources, including AT LEAST one of each (book,  video/CD, Oxford Music Online, journal/periodical). Web sources are acceptable, but they must be reputable.

Your citations can be in MLA, APA, or Chicago/Turabian style; choose whatever your major discipline requires. Failure to document information or cite your sources will be construed as plagiarism, resulting in a failing grade for the assignment and the course. Please critically evaluate any source you use, especially if it is found on the internet. While the internet is a valuable resource for information, you must be certain that you're using a reputable source when pulling information from online. If the webpage is not affiliated with a reputable publisher or scholar, you may want to think twice about using it.

Under no circumstances is Wikipedia an acceptable source for use in this course—please refrain from citing Wikipedia in your papers.

You will submit your peer review draft AND final draft paper both through Canvas by the deadline specified in the Due DatesPreview the documentView in a new window PDF. This essay will be assigned a score out of 100 points using this: Modern Composer RubricPreview the documentView in a new window

 This assignment contains three components; the respective deadlines are listed on the Due Dates PDF

1. Initial Draft (10 points): You will submit a completed paper through Canvas AND Turnitn which will be reviewed by at least one of your peers. This is not a “rough draft” – this should be a paper which you would be prepared to submit to the professor for grading.  Follow the guidelines on the paper rubric. NOTE: If you do not submit a paper for review, you will not be given any to review. This means that failure to submit an initial draft will cost you the points for both the initial draft (10) and the peer reviews (30). 
2. Peer Review (20 points): Through Canvas, you will be assigned at least two papers from classmates that you will review. You will evaluate the paper using the same rubric the instructor will and provide feedback for your peer to improve their writing.  You must complete the rubric and provide constructive feedback to earn credit. Please give your classmates the same sort of careful and constructive feedback that you would like to receive on a review of your work. 
3. Final Draft (100 points): Following the return of your peer-reviewed paper, work to implement any suggestions given in your review, as well as critically self-assess your work. You will have been away from this paper for several weeks, so read it with a fresh eye and ensure that it is of the highest quality before you make your final submission.

 Resources and getting started

John Cage (on silence) (Links to an external site.)

Karlheinz Stockhausen On Sounds 1972 (Links to an external site.)He was very important to using synthesized sounds in art music.

Steve Reich  (Links to an external site.)A documentary about Reich,the composer; this section focuses on his minimalist and tape loop ideas.

 

SOURCES FOR EACH COMPOSER (Available in the UF libraries - check the catalog for the location of materials

 

JOHN CAGE

VIDEO

From zero : the documentary (CALL NUMBER: ML410.C24F76 DVD)  This program provides a unique opportunity to see the late composer, John Cage, discuss favorite subjects such as harmony, chance, and the purpose of music. Cage recounts biographical anecdotes and describe the influence of Marcel Duchamp, Finnegan’s Wake, and Zen Buddhism on his compositions.

MUSIC – CD

(You can find many more CDs by searching the library’s website for “Cage, John” and limiting to CD)

Music of changes—CD 1419

Yuji Takahashi plays John Cage : sonatas and interludes—CD 3216v.1

The works for violin. 3—CD 3959

Etcetera (instrumental works)—CD 7297

Works for percussion—CD 2194

MUSIC DICTIONARY/ENCYCLOPEDIA

Oxford Music Online (accessible through http://guides.uflib.ufl.edu/music (Links to an external site.))

- Search “Cage, John”

- Choose the entry from Grove Music Online

Available in the UF Libraries

JOURNALS/PERIODICALS

A journal article from a peer-reviewed source (look on JSTOR or Academic Search Premiere). News periodicals are also acceptable (New York Times or New York Magazine has stories/interviews).

KARLHEINZ STOCKHAUSEN

MUSIC – CD

Zyklus—CD 2358

Mikrophonie I : Mikrophonie II ; Telemusik—CDD 311

Klavierstücke I-XI—CDD 68

MUSIC DICTIONARY/ENCYCLOPEDIA

Oxford Music Online (accessible through http://guides.uflib.ufl.edu/music)

- Search “Stockhausen, Karlheinz”

- Choose the entry from Grove Music Online

BOOKS

Available in the UF libraries

JOURNALS/PERIODICALS

A journal article from a peer-reviewed source (look on JSTOR or Academic Search Premiere). News periodicals are also acceptable (New York Times or New York Magazine has stories/interviews).

STEVE REICH

MUSIC – CD

From the kitchen archives. No. 2 : Steve Reich and Musicians, live 1977—CD 5996

Music for 18 musicians—CD 190

Phase patterns : Pendulum music ; Piano phase ; Four organs—CD 6027

Tehillim—CD 807

Music for mallet instruments ; Music for pieces of wood ; Sextet—CD 2236

MUSIC DICTIONARY/ENCYCLOPEDIA –

Oxford Music Online (accessible through http://guides.uflib.ufl.edu/music)

- Search “Reich, Steve”

- Choose the entry from Grove Music Online

BOOKS

Available in the UF libraries

JOURNALS/PERIODICALS

A journal article from a peer-reviewed source (look on JSTOR or Academic Search Premiere). News periodicals are also acceptable (New York Times or New York Magazine has stories/interviews).

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/23/2014 12:00 am
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