Project #48164 - philosophy work

  • must be on time
  • must be original work
  • must use only citations from text provided and must have page numbers listed in text
  1. 1 of 3 parts

Write a 700- to 1400-word essay examining five ethical decisions you made recently. Do not feel pressured to disclose deeply personal situations; you can use the types of ethical decisions that come up in everyday life.

Provide the following information for each ethical decision:

  • A brief description of the cause or situation surrounding the need to make a decision.
  • A description of how you came to make the decision you did.
  • Identify which ethical theory best fit your decision-making process at the time.
  • List the values reflected in the decision you made.
  • Now that you have studied ethics, would you have used a different ethical theory to make that decision?

Conclude with your essay by answering the following general questions:

  • Is there one ethical theory that you seem to follow most of the time?
  • Why do you think this is?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.


2 of 3 parts

Complete the Associate Level Material: Ethical Theory Comparison Chart.-ATTACHED


3 of 3 parts

need minimum of 4 sentence responses to each segement below

 Week 5:  Thought Experiment: Heinz's Dilemma

In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $200 for the radium and charged $2,000 for a small dose of the drug.


The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get together about $1,000, which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later, but the druggist said, "No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from it." Heinz got desperate and broke into the man's store to steal the drug for his wife. Should the husband have done that?


Write down your answer. Then, look back at your answer and think about the following:


1. Were you able to come up with a concrete yes or no answer?


2. If so, did that answer rely on some sort of universally applicable law like "You should not steal"?


3. If you could not come up with an answer, why couldn't you? What were your concerns?


The Trolley Problem


Here's one for the ethicists -- and you can blame the renowned moral philosopher Philippa Foot for this one. This thought experiment, of which there are now many variations, first appeared in Foot's 1967 paper, "Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect."


Imagine that you're at the controls of a railway switch and there's an out-of-control trolley coming. The tracks branch into two, one track that leads to a group of five people, and the other to one person. If you do nothing, the trolley will smash into the five people. But if you flip the switch, it'll change tracks and strike the lone person. What do you do?


(Credit: We Love Philosophy)


Utilitarians, who seek to maximize happiness, say that the single person should be killed. Kantians, because they see people as ends and not means, would argue that you can't treat the single person as a means for the benefit of the five. So you should do nothing.


A second variation of the problem involves a "fat man" and no second track -- a man so large that, if you were to push him onto the tracks, his body would prevent the trolley from smashing into the group of five. So what do you do? Nothing? Or push him onto the tracks?


This thought experiment reveals the complexity of morality by distinguishing between killing a person and letting them die -- a problem with implications to our laws, behavior, science, policing, and war. "Right" and "wrong" is not as simple as it's often made out to be.


Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 11/21/2014 03:00 pm
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