Project #51407 - Two deferent versions.


Two deferent  versions.




You have four summaries for each one you should write responses for each of them in one paragraph at least. And the response could be any kind of these: (Do you have any questions, observations, comments, reactions to the topic and recommendation as presented?


The authors can then respond.






summary 1


Education is one of the major factors that facilitate an individual’s opportunities. A person with a college degree has higher chances of getting a well paying job compared to a person with a high school diploma . The role of education in reducing social welfare expenditure, one must adequately fathom the benefits and impacts of education. Education has a positive impact on the social and economic sectors of a country.  In an attempt to comprehend the notion behind the facilitating factors of economic growth, the study investigated various origins of the differences. The differences investigated included .


       In America the link between education and employment was demonstrated during the economic recession. Individuals with lower education qualification felt a greater impact of the recession. There was a decreased unemployment rate and individuals that failed to drop out of high school or had some level of college education had a higher average earning. The rate of unemployment in city populations that had few high school and college graduates was 80 percent more than the expected average. . There is no shortage of documented research over the past decades that education is crucial to economic growth and employment. The government would not be overburdened by the increased expenditure on social welfare. This is because most people will be able to support their livelihood. The positive correlation between education and employment can reduce government expenditure on programs like unemployment benefits (pre- retirement allowance, jobseekers allowance and work, and jobseekers benefit among others), families and children ,  and socials welfare payment and work .  All these programs could be reduced if more people attained higher levels of education. The individuals would have high levels of income and hence, they would not require help with low pay or allowance for back to school clothing and footwear. Therefore, it is highly probable that education can effectively minimize or reduce the expenditure on welfare programs.


      On other hand, the education and crime crime  the educate requires government expenditure due to the cost of prosecution and incarceration. Housing and food, infrastructure, prisoner education programs staff and infrastructure are some of the costs that the government incurs due to crime. The offender and victim both suffer financial setback due to the court cases. In addition, there are decreased opportunities for the offenders that go to prison.




      The education and health, educated people lead a life that is longer and healthier compared to their counterparts with lesser educational qualification. This is because learning assists the individuals in making and controlling their lifestyle choices. As a direct result, their health and their life improve on very many levels. In America an additional year in school reduces the death risks for the next decade by around 3.6 percent. Less educated individuals are highly likely to join Medicaid and other health assistance programs. As a result, social welfare programs must increase expenditure to cover for the health needs of less educated individuals.


             Finally,The social welfare programs are essential in reducing the inequality in the population. education is important in the reduction of funds spent on welfare. Anyone that doubts the positive impacts of education on society should study the impact of illiteracy on societies.




summary 2




What topic did you select and, in a sentence or two, why did you choose that topic.


My topic is about forming a new program using a blended organization approach by combining both the educational organization and the child welfare organization. I chose this topic for several important reasons. First, the importance of providing counselors with continuing education or training about child abuse is a strong need because there are always new procedures and policies put into place that these professionals must be aware of. If they are not made aware of any updates there is no sense of accountability. Secondly, the desirability of providing strategic instruction to high risk children provides them with the knowledge of vital issues belonging to their age group such as sex education to prevent the risks.  Thirdly, incorporating social workers into the physical and daily routines of public school settings will strengthen the relationship and trust these children will instill in these professionals. Finally, ignoring this issue and not being “a blended program” into action will deliver burdens to the economy in the United States.


What was the main social policy issue investigated and what were the main alternative positions around the issue. Summarize the alternative positions in just a paragraph or two apiece.


Because child abuse is a sensitive yet imperative issue, many social policies involve law enforcement and other agencies joining together in order to investigate and solve cases. Due to a lack of comradely, cases are not being handled by both sides to the fullest extent which is causing a mistrust from the society. As it stands, when a child abuse case is first identified, teachers and school faulty are supposed to report any suspicions right away; sometimes this is not the case. Laws need to be better suited for such matters. Law enforcement and the other agencies involved (advocacy groups, child protective services, etc.) all need to be on board with how such situations are handled.


What did you find new or especially interesting in doing the research?


There are organizations that support education and others that help prevent child abuse. However, we lack this kind of an organization which can help children in these important aspects: improving educational attainment while preventing child abuse and providing strategic instruction to high risk children.


The Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act (CAPTA) was reauthorized through 2008 under the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act (DiNitto 2011). Though this new act was set forth, there is still a low rate of reporting child abuse by educators. This low reporting rate has been the focus of many policy makers wanting to increase these rates. Unfortunately, this task has been easier said than done. There has been no agreement on how to implement a policy to improve these statistics and to influence educators to be more involved in helping these young children.


 What recommendation did you make in concluding your position paper?


               To be able to implement changes and policies, efforts must be made from those in the community. Without parties involved being on the same agenda, much will not be accomplished. Children are not the only ones who must contribute into such improvements, parents, faculty, professionals and the schools in general must be on board. A community approach must be taken in order to substantiate such efforts. If there is no recognition at the community level that changes and improvements must be made, modifications of policies will be slow and perhaps all together forgotten.


                To make sure that these modifications are followed through with, organizations from child welfare and educational systems must be willing to have workers who truly buy into such reform. These individuals must be enthusiastically involved in training, applying and reevaluating programs that are set into motion. Adults dealing with abused children must keep in mind that their interactions with these adolescents must be appropriate and that trust must be built in order to develop a relationship where both the adult and child involved are able to communicate effectively. All staff that come in contact with children must keep in mind that they may be the child’s last hope; this idea must be a driving force in order for these programs to be successful.


                Individuals who are mandated to report child abuse and neglect to the Children’s Division of the Department of Social Services under 210.115 RSMo often receive little to no training on child abuse and neglect. Educators should receive regular training on the signs and symptoms of child abuse, the roles and responsibilities of a mandated reporter, and how to report and respond to a child victim.  Although it is not mandatory that training be enforced, it is suggested that professionals working for licensing and credentialing organizations keep up to date on their requirements for their jobs. These individuals must be up to date with all policies and procedures. Because this is assumed, these persons can further help teachers, for instance, to pass down their knowledge and training when need be.


                There are counselors in every school in Missouri but there are not social workers in every school.  The policy change should reflect additional funding for schools of high poverty, low graduation rates and high incidents of crime reports to incorporate one or more social workers into each school.  The social worker, counselor, school nurse, volunteer coordinator, teacher representative, administrator need to meet each week to address child specific concerns.  Triage type problem solving can occur where part of the solution is to form small social groups led by either the social worker or the counselor.  The policy should be reflected in the school handbook in wording that addresses the likelihood that informal small groups will be formed throughout the year to discuss topics of concern or interest that students may have.  Topic discussion will be monitored and guided by an adult but may include bullying, sexual interaction, abuse, loneliness personal health and hygiene,  parents will sign the handbook recognizing that the small group is part of the school culture and a copy of the signature will remain in the child’s file.






summary 3


The topic I selected was sexual assaults reported on college campuses. I chose this topic because I believe there is an inherent distrust within society about victims and the blaming of victims in society, whether it's on or off a college campus. I feel the system tends to question the victim's motives first instead of investigating the accusations - leading to botched cases and a distrust between the system and those who are victims of assault.

The main social policy issue is how these accusations are reported to college officials, and how they are handled within the institutions' guidelines instead of through a police report or formal criminal charges being pressed. Right now, the Department of Education encourages schools to handle assault and rape cases seriously, but within their own judicial committees and not through the police. Title IX is a part of the Education Amendments of 1972, and many colleges receive federal funding if they are in accordance with this Title and making sure discrimination doesn't happen. Unfortunately, language is vague and doesn't specify how to handle sexual assault accusations. Schools want to make sure they have every dollar of funding available for their programs, and following the DOE's instructions seem to be the best way to secure that - unfortunately, that leaves out law enforcement.

When doing this research, I found that women are still discriminated against when it comes to victim blaming and distrusting their word. Despite their being very small numbers of "false rape" accusations (charges that were made up completely), many anti-feminists throw statistics around implying the majority of women are lying. Researching this topic helped me see that women are inherently distrusted by society, and I have no idea why. These women are the same ones who attend college, support the workforce, deliver and raise children, and are productive members of society. This might be personal, but I found a parallel to this within my own marriage. When my husband and I first started dating seriously, we combined our finances. However, I was questioned regularly with what I was buying, why I needed to buy it, and if he considered it "worth it". When I confronted him, he said he had been "burned" by women in the past who spent all of this money. Despite being forthcoming and honest, I was distrusted before any discussion even began. That is only for buying a pair of shoes; I can't imagine how a woman feels when her physical abuse claims are greeted with distrust right off the bat.

I recommended these judicial committees set up in accordance to Title IX work alongside law enforcement officials instead of excluding them. That is the biggest policy change I am advocating for - that universities start including law enforcement in every case. Perhaps these committees can work on how to provide proper support for victims to encourage them in coming forward. I also recommend reeducation and redefinition of words in federal legislation that each state would have to uphold - like consent or rape. If everyone uses the same definitions to look at criminal activity, there is less room for interpretation and victims could be treated fairly. I also recommended a standardization of statue of limitations; instead of each state having different amounts of time to report a crime, there will be one standard everyone must uphold. By standardizing definitions and amounts of time needed to report a crime, everyone can be treated similarly and all accusations taken seriously.




summary 4


The overarching theme of my final essay will be our nation’s healthcare system; with the intention being to address the various issues facing the sector. However more precisely, I intend to look at how various policy formations specifically effect the HIV/AIDS population, not only in the United States but here in Kansas City as well.




As a former volunteer with the Kansas City CARE clinic, I have seen firsthand the kinds of effects this disease has on our community. Though the general public’s interest on the matter continues to wane, with only six percent of citizens seeing AIDS as the most urgent healthcare problem in 2009, as opposed to 44 percent in 1995, the issue still matters with more than 56,000 individuals diagnosed with HIV every year. Moreover, these individuals are continuing to live longer and longer thanks to advances in medicine. However, with the largest number of infected persons being those of low economic status, the strain put on the health care system becomes much more intense.




While some may right off the issue, I continue to emphasize its importance. As of 2009 Missouri is ranked 21st out of the 51 territories included in a national survey; with Kansas City being one of the hardest hit areas. Furthermore, our case is particularly unique in that the majority of new HIV cases in our area are amongst young adults, many of whom are students just like us. An issue made even more problematic by the fact that our state continually falls within the bottom tier of federal funding.




 By further touching on issues such as these, I hope to bring to light the prevalence of the matter at hand, with the confidence that some potential prospects for combating the virus may soon be at hand!






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