Project #51444 - Ethics

 

Below is all the Information one would need to answer the questions, i urge you to only take the assignment if you have previous knowledge about the books and terms required to interpret the short stories. please feel free to contact if any information vital to answering the questions has been left out 

 

Books 

Nichomachean ethics- aristotle 

in gound works of the metaphysics of morals- immanual Kant

 

Short stories 

http://neuronflash.wordpress.com/2011/02/26/the-simpsons-discuss-immanuel-kants-categtorical-imperative/- question 1 

 

http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/dunnweb/rprnts.omelas.pdf- question 4

http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~rebeccal/lit/238f11/pdfs/HappyEndings_Atwood.pdf-questions 5 

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/05/17/a-life-beyond-do-what-you-love/?_r=0 - question 6  

 

 

Directions

 1-Turn in your completed test in my mailbox or under my office door (Harriman 243) on Monday, December 15.  NO ONE should email it to me without my explicit ok.  

2- Let me know ahead of time by email if you are going to be late.  You need a doctor’s note, etc.

3-You must answer questions 1 & 6, plus two others for a total of 4 questions. Each counts 25 points.

4-Each answer should be NO MORE THAN ONE TYPED PAGE.  Begin each answer on a new page.  5-Number the answers so they correspond to the question numbers on the test page.  You may single, double, or half-space—but use no font smaller than 10 or larger than 12!

6-Put your name on every page, and staple the pages together.

7-Explain = tell why and how what you say is so.  

8-Reread your test to be sure you answer every part of each question. 

 

Questions:

1.  The Simpsons.  (a) Explain why Lisa has not been “using” Bart in the sense of exploiting him as a mere means by “teaching” him about the categorical imperative. (b) Explain whether and why, in kissing Lisa, Ralph would be doing something Kantian ethics would or would not permit.

 

2. In the Groundwork 397-99 Kant uses three different cases of where people do the right thing in acting ethically.  Explain Kant’s point for each example and why he needs to use all three examples.

 

3. Moving Pictures.  Use Aristotle’s analysis of moderation and self-control/self-restraint (moral weakness, struggle) in Book 7 to explain how he might evaluate the moral life and character of the narrator of this story.  Explain what Aristotle’s discussion of friendship reveals about the narrator and explain why that is important.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

4.  Omelas. If, after you see the child in captivity, you choose to leave Omelas, explain how you could use utilitarian considerations to justify leaving.  Then use Aristotle’s idea of justice (Bk.5, cc. 2-4) to justify leaving.

 

5.  Happy Endings. “Now try How and Why.”  Endings mean death, beginnings are more fun.  Happiness for human beings on this earth occurs in “the stretch in between.”  Explain "how" Aristotle says we should fill the stretch between and “why” that would make us count as truly happy and flourishing.

 

6. A Life Beyond "Do What You Love."  The author quotes Kant in this article.  What does the author believe Kant would say about the ideal of doing what you love and why does the author say that?  Explain whether you think Aristotle would agree with the author by giving Aristotelian reasons for your answer.

 

Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 12/12/2014 07:00 am
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