Project #51687 - 45 Sociology muitiple questions! Follow the paper instruction!

45 Sociology multiple choice questions! Find the answer in the attachment!

1. For Karl Marx, the key determiner of social class was

a. education

b. occupation

c. wealth and ownership

d. prestige and social influence


2. Max Weber defined power as

a. the ability to achieve one’s will in spite of opposition

b. a concentration of social energy

c. dominance in the electoral process

d. the accumulation of wealth in the hands of a few


3. Most sociologists challenge the claims that Herrnstein and Murray make in the Bell Curve that inner city poor remain in poverty because

a. they are discriminated against

b. they are genetically less intelligent

c. they are likely to be drug addicted

d. inner city housing is deteriorating


4. According to William Goode, men's resistance to gender role changes is similar to the attitudes of

a. traditional male chauvinists

b. other dominant groups

c. conspiratorial cliques

d. secret societies


5. In the United States, the distribution of wealth is

a. more concentrated than the distribution of income

b. less concentrated than the distribution of income

c. identical to the distribution of income

d. determined by educational attainment and income


6. The wealthiest sector of the U.S. population receives most of its money from:

a. high-salary occupations such as law and medicine

b. returns on investments and assets

c. movie and sports contracts

d. the combined salaries of two professional careers


7. In recent decades, the share of income going to the top fifth of households has

a. begun to decline with heavier taxation

b. increased relative to all other quintiles (fifths)

c. shown an increase in the 1980s and a decrease in the 1990s

d. stayed constant despite economic changes

8. In the United States, professionals and managers with advanced degrees and family incomes of $120,000 or more comprise the

a. very rich

b. middle class

c. upper-middle class

d. national median


9. The number of races in the world is

a. down to three, due to migration

b. up to five, due to multiculturalism

c. socially defined

d. four, as currently defined by physical and cultural anthropologists


10. Internal colonialism sees ethnic and racial problems as rooted primarily in issues of

a. perception and ignorance

b. culture and misunderstanding

c. control and exploitation of land and labor

d. boundaries and isolation of remote groups


11. The poorest Native Americans live

a. in Los Angeles ghettoes

b. in the Northeastern US

c. in Oklahoma

d. on isolated reservations


12. Thorstein Veblen found that the wealthy leisure class of the late 1800s established their social position through

a. political intrigue

b. controlling the local media

c. conspicuous consumption

d. bourgeois bohemianism


13. Juliet Schor believes that trying to keep up with imagined reference groups has led Americans to

a. move to the suburbs

b. acquire high-brow tastes

c. discriminate against the poor

d. overspend


14. Advocates of the culture of poverty view believe that:

a. social structures perpetuate poverty

b. the poor have psychological and cultural shortcomings

c. we need to do more to help the poor

d. the poor are not a homogeneous group

15. Structuralist theories of poverty, such as advanced by William Ryan, are likely to stress the effects of the structure of the:

a. economy

b. family

c. ethnic group

d. value system of the poor


16. Jesse Bernard contended that the good provider role for men

a. is rooted in male and female biology

b. has always been an integral part of human societies

c. gave men advantages that assured their success

d. emerged in the market economy of the 1800s


17. Women’s earnings showed gains relative to men’s earnings in the 1980s and 2000s, largely because

a. the glass ceiling disappeared

b. women started moving into senior management in large numbers

c. poorly paid women left the labor force

d. men’s average hourly earnings declined due to deindustrialization


18. Rosabeth Kanter believed that women’s success in business was limited by

a. the way they were raised

b. their biological clocks

c. the power structure of the corporation

d. their tendency to nurture rather than compete


19. Describing women’s new work and family commitments, Arlie Hochschild coined the term:

a. glass ceiling

b. second shift

c. mommy track

d. stay-at-home mom


20. "Old rich" and "new rich" were distinguished by

a. political party

b. occupation

c. income

d. family prestige


21. According to Blau and Duncan’s path diagram, the biggest effect on son's occupation in 1962 came from:

a. unknown factors

b. son's education

c. father's occupation

d. son's first job

22. In Blau and Duncan’s path diagram, Father's education has a direct effect on father's occupation and on son's

a. education

b. occupation

c. first job

d. last job


23. Max Weber noted that privileged, powerful and prestigious groups often seek

a. revolutionary change

b. democratic reforms

c. social closure

d. a greater division of labor


24. From horticultural societies to new millionaires, prestige has been gained through

a. monopolizing economic activity

b. philanthropy

c. rejecting tradition

d. bribes and kickbacks


25. In raising their children, Kohn found that low-income parents place more stress than upper income parents on:

a. beating the system

b. the importance of education

c. honesty and obedience

d. taking it easy and having a good time


26. Pierre Bourdieu contends that the upper classes seek to distinguish themselves by

a. wearing flashy clothes

b. traveling with a large number of servants

c. wearing expensive jewelry in public

d. demonstrating high-brow tastes


27. Involvement with the Bohemian Grove conveyed prestige through

a. elite association

b. environmental conservation

c. simple living

d. intellectual reading


28. Human capital theory suggests that highly educated people earn more than others because

a. they are more productive

b. they have the right contacts

c. they are more likely to have wealthy parents

d. they work longer hours

29. In Ain't No Makin' It, MacLeod contends that the low aspirations of the Hallway Hangers are due to

a. limited opportunity and class-based barriers

b. poor role models

c. a hopeless "party attitude"

d. their heavy use of drugs and alcohol


30. The social class whose members are least likely to join formal organizations is the

a. capitalist class

b. middle class

c. working class

d. underclass


31. For most people, prestige and respect occur

a. only in their own family

b. largely in the media

c. in communities of recognition

d. largely in their own minds


32. Women are best represented in the national legislatures of

a. Sweden and Norway

b. The United States and Japan

c. Israel and Kuwait

d. India and Russia


33. The idea that power is controlled by an alliance of military, political, and corporate leaders is associated with

a. power elite theory

b. social class theory

c. pluralist theory

d. status attainment theory


34. G. William Domhoff claims that big corporations can unify their actions through the use of

a. corporate spies

b. interlocking directorates

c. class consciousness

d. the social register


35. A major force in the distribution of global power in the 21st century is

a. the emergence of resource-rich Africa as an economic powerhouse

b. the spread of NATO into south and east Asia

c. the growth of multinational corporate wealth and power

d. the shift of wealth away from Europe and North America to Africa and Latin America






36. The growth of white collar jobs in the US following World War II allowed for considerable:

a. circulation mobility

b. structural mobility

c. reproductive mobility

d. immigration mobility


37. Christopher Jencks claimed that his research showed that income differences between individuals were considerably influenced by

a. economic recession

b. birth order of brothers

c. luck

d. marital status


38. Over the last several decades, the value of a college education has been

a. declining since many cannot get jobs

b. stagnant relative to blue-collar union jobs

c. growing relative to workers with no college

d. declining for blacks and Hispanics


39. According to Kozol, one of the basic problems with school funding is that it is based on

a. federal income taxes

b. local property taxes

c. local sales taxes

d. school bond initiatives


40. The group most disadvantaged in completing college are

a. women

b. students from low-income backgrounds

c. middle-class Hispanics

d. middle-class African Americans


True of False – (5 Questions; 5 Points)

41. For the average worker, their gain in lifetime earnings by having a college degree will not be enough to make up for the cost of tuition.

42. Human capital theorists argue that what people learn in school has no value in how valuable they are as an employee.

43. Structural theorists of gender inequality believe that women don’t get ahead because they are not innately competitive enough.

44. Pierre Bourdieu believed one could recognize low-brow art because it was always of poor quality.

45. Large multinational corporations may control more assets and net worth than many governments.


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Due By (Pacific Time) 12/16/2014 12:00 pm
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