Project #51822 - Geography #3 HW

The book is :

Author: Christopherson, Robert W.
Edition/copyright 7th/09
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Type: Hardcover


You need to define the terms and answer all of the questions below:



Define the following ideas:

  • Temperature
  • Kelvin
  • Celsius
  • Fahrenheit
  • Specific Heat
  • Wind
  • air pressure



 Short Answer

 Question One:

Distinguish between sensible heat and sensible temperature.


Question Two:

What does air temperature indicate about energy in the atmosphere?


Question Three:

Compare the three scales that express temperature. What is the basic assumption for each?


Question Four:

List and review the principal controls and influences that produce global temperature patterns.


Question Five:

Explain the effect of altitude on air temperature. Why is air at higher altitudes lower in temperature? Why does it feel cooler standing in shadows at higher altitudes than at lower altitudes?


Question Six:

What noticeable effect does air density have on the absorption and radiation of energy? What role does altitude play in that process?


Question Seven:

Describe the effect of cloud cover with regard to Earth's temperature patterns.


Question Eight:

List the physical aspects of land and water that produce their different responses to heating from absorption of insolation. What is the specific effect of transparency in a medium?


Question Nine:

What effect does sea-surface temperature have on air temperature? Describe the negative feedback mechanism created by higher seasurface temperatures and evaporation rates.


Question Ten:

Differentiate between marine and continental temperatures. Give geographical examples of each from the text: Canada, United States and Norway, and Russia.


Question Eleven

What is the thermal equator? Describe its location in January and in July. Explain why it shifts position annually.


Question Twelve:

Define wind. How is it measured? How is its direction determined?


Question Thirteen:

Distinguish among primary, secondary, and tertiary general classifications of global atmospheric circulation.


Question Fourteen:

Describe the effect of the Coriolis force. Explain how it apparently deflects atmospheric and oceanic circulations.


Question Fifteen:

Describe the horizontal and vertical air motions in a high-pressure anti-cyclone and in a low-pressure cyclone.


Question Sixteen:

How is the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) related to the equatorial low-pressure trough?


Question Seventeen:

Characterize the belt of subtropical high pressure on Earth:


Question Eighteen:

What is the relation among the Aleutian low, the Icelandic low, and migratory low-pressure cyclonic storms in North America? In Europe?


Question Nineteen:

What is the relation between wind speed and the spacing of isobars?


Question Twenty

Relate the jet-stream phenomenon to general upper-air circulation. How is the presence of this circulation related to airline schedules from New York to San Francisco and the return trip to New York?

Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 12/14/2014 01:00 pm
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