Project #52018 - Earth's Modern Atmosphere and Energy Balance

The book is :

Geosystems
Author: Christopherson, Robert W.
Edition/copyright 7th/09
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Type: Hardcover
ISBN-0-13-600598-5

 

You need to define the terms and answer all of the questions below:

 

Definition

Define the following ideas:

Chapter Three

  • thermopause
  • temperature
  • exosphere
  • normal lapse rate
  • sensible heat
  • air pressure
  • heterosphere
  • homosphere
  • thermosphere
  • kinetic energy
  • heat
  • mesosphere
  • noctilucent clouds
  • stratosphere
  • troposhere
  • tropopause
  • normal lapse rate
  • environmental lapse rate
  • ionosphere
  • ozonosphere

 

Chapter Four

  • refraction
  • transmission
  • absorption
  • diffuse radiation
  • conduction
  • convection.

 

Short Answer

Chapter Three 

  1. What is air? Where did the components in Earth's present atmosphere originate?
  2. What three distinct criteria are employed in dividing the atmosphere for study?
  3. Describe the overall temperature profile of the atmosphere and list the four layers defined by temperature.
  4. Describe the two divisions of the atmosphere on the basis of composition.
  5. What are the two primary functional layers of the atmosphere and what does each do?
  6. Name the four most prevalent stable gases in the homosphere. Where did each originate? Is the prevalence of any of these changing at this time?
  7. Why is stratospheric ozone (O3) so important?
  8. In what ways does a temperature inversion worsen an air pollution episode? Why?
  9. In summary, what are the results from the first 20 years under Clean Air Act regulations?

Chapter Four

  1.  What would you expect the sky color to be at 50 km (30 mi) altitude? Why? Why is the lower atmosphere blue?
  2. What role do clouds play in the Earth–atmosphere radiation balance? Is cloud type important?
  3. Compare What are the similarities and differences between an actual greenhouse and the gaseous atmospheric greenhouse? Why is Earth's greenhouse changing?
  4. What is the basis for the urban heat-island concept?

Subject Science
Due By (Pacific Time) 12/14/2014 11:00 pm
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