Project #5243 - us history

1.

What was one major factor in creation of the Dust Bowl?

A) financial security

B) widespread drought

C) political mismanagement

D) good farming practices

 

2.

In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act authorizing the Central Pacific Railroad to build a railroad eastward from the Pacific Ocean. The legislation established the Union Pacific Railroad Company, and subsequently gave it authority to build westward from Omaha, Nebraska. Congress extended loans to each company to accomplish the task. What was one result of the transcontinental railroad?

A) repeal of the Missouri Compromise

B) use of and descrimination against Chinese labor

C) the growth of sectionalism in the West

D) migration of rural workers to East Coast cities

 

3.

What is the significance of the Mayflower Compact?

A) It allowed for voting rights for all settlers

B) It transferred ownership of the colony to the Puritans

C) It provided for an even distribution of food among the colonists

D) It established a foundation for self-government

 

4.

What resulted from the outrage caused by the publication of Upton Sinclair's book The Jungle?

A) The book was banned from libraries

B) There was a backlash against labor union organizers

C) There were further restrictions placed on civil liberties

D) The federal government began oversight of the meat-packing industry

 

5.

President Grover Cleveland stated, "Corporations, which should be the carefully restrained creatures of the law and the servants of the people, are fast becoming the people's masters." Cleveland was referring to the growth of

A) labor unions

B) urban centers

C) the textile industry

D) monopolies and trusts

 

6.

Against the wisdom of George Washington, political parties emerged with the 1796 elections. The Federalists, who supported the policies of Alexander Hamilton, were opposed to the Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. What was one philosophical difference between the Federalists and the Republicans?

A) the disagreement over whether the president should serve for life

B) a strong central government versus strong state governments

C) the ability of the Federalists to lead the country in war

D) the importance of creating a system of checks and balances in government

 

7.

The 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie prohibited whites from moving onto land set aside for the Lakota peoples, including a large tract of land known as the Black Hills. How did the 1874 discovery of gold in the Black Hills by white miners affect western expansion?

A) It prompted protection of Native American land

B) It stopped further mining by whites in the Black Hills

C) It increased western white settlement and population

D) It prevented further violence against Native Americans

 

8.

During World War II the federal government forced the relocation of thousands of Japanese Amercians, German Americans, and Italian Americans into internment camps. Which statement BESTS describes World War II internment camps?

A) places where individuals willingly stayed for the course of the war

B) restrictions without cause on the civil liberties of individuals

C) a way to protect the businesses and homes of immigrants

D) places where people were free to come and go as they pleased

 

9.

Which statement describes the Battle of Yorktown?

A) It allowed American and French forces to trap Cornwallis and 8,000 British troops

B) It created a new alliance between Great Britain and Spain

C) It was a significant British defeat over the Continentals

D) It was a surprise attack by British troops over cold and starving Continentals

 

10.

Use the information below to answer the question...."He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise. He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice. Having deprived her of this first right of a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides. He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns." Declaration of Sentiments, Senecca Falls Convention 1848 - Elizabeth Cady StantonWhat was the goal of teh Declaration of Sentiments?

A) reform of public schools

B) labor union membership

C) abolition

D) voting right for women

 

11.

Why is Thomas Paine given credit for saving the independence movement?

A) He led the Continental Army to victory at the Battle of Trenton

B) His work, Common Sense, inspired colonists to fight for independence

C) He wrote the 1783 Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolution

D) He served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention

 

12.

Review the events below: - Unrestricted Submarine Warefare - Nationalism - Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand - ImperialsimWhich of the following events resulted from those above?

A) the Cold War

B) the Korean War

C) the Spanish-American War

D) World War I

 

13.

What was the foremost reason for the War of 1812?

A) the quest for westward expansion beyond the Mississippi River

B) the establishment of a representative government in America

C) the French fur trade in Canada and in western United States

 

14.

What was the outcome of the Mexican-American War?

A) Texas became a separate nation

B) Mexico gained its independence from Spain

C) The United States annexed 500,000 square miles of territory

D) Americans began moving past the Louisana Territory

 

15.

The political and social turmoil of 1968 included the assassination of which civil rights leader?

A) A. Philip Randolph

B) Lyndon B. Johnson

C) Martin Luther King, Jr.

D) Mohandas Ghandhi

 

16.

The Articles of Confederation established a weak federal government with limited powers invested in Congress. The closing of the Mississippi River to trade by Spain in 1784 was of particular concern because the Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the power

A) to strike treaty agreements with foreign countries

B) to act without complete agreement

C) to send ambassadors to other countries

D) to raise an army

 

17.

Use the following information to answer the question. In February 1960, four African Americans staged a sit-in at a "whites only" diner counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. Thousands of similar sit-ins followed. In 1961, Freedom Riders rode into the South to see if southern cities were obeying a U.S. Supreme Court order to integrate public busses.These civil rights efforts had the support of both the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and

A) the federal government

B) the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

C) state legislatues throughout the South

D) city officials in Alabama and Mississippi

 

18.

The Great Awakening refers to

A) a belief in the importance of Great Britain to the colonies

B) a religious revival occurring during the 1730's and 1740's

C) a committee that supported the Englightenment, especially John Locke

D) a driving force in the formation of representative government

 

19.

The United States Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) overturned which principle upheld in the Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) decision?

A) freedom of speech

B) separate but equal

C) clear and present danger

D) right to petition the government

 

20.

Earth Day, proposed by Senator Gaylord Nelson of Wisconsin, was first celebraated on April 22, 1970. Today, students across teh country celebrate Earth Day by planting trees, cleaning roadsides, building rain gardens, and other environmental activities. What response did the federal government have to the environmentalist movement?

A) It reduced funding for environmental projects

B) It built a series of dams to divert water from the Colorado River

C) It created a federal agency (EPA) to address environmental problems

D) It eliminated all recycling programs

 

21.

Which of the following progressive reforms allows voters to accept or reject legislative proposals?

A) recall

B) initiative

C) referendum

D) 17th Amendement

 

22.

What was the effect of the Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) decision?

A) It unified the North in its support of slavery

B) It prompted federal support of states' rights

C) It incited further sectionalism in the country

D) It resulted in other slaves petitioning the court for freedom

 

23.

Though captured from their villages, and forced to endure the horrific Middle Passage, Africans arrived at America's shores embracing their traditions and cultures. What happened to African cultures after Africans were sold into slavery?

A) They were outlawed by the federal government

B) They were expressed in the customs of enslaved Africans

C) They never became a part of plantation life

D) They were abandoned once Africans were enslaved

 

24.

Why did Congress pass the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890?

A) to end corporations as a form of business

B) to prevent big business from creating monopolies

C) to limit the amount of competition among small businesses

D) to restrict the ability of Congress to control interstate commerce

 

25.

Use the writing of John Locke to answer the question..."To understand political power right...we must consider, what state all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons, as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature, without asking leave, or depending upon the will of any other man."According to Englightenment thinking, the role of government is to

A) have absolute rule over people

B) protect the natural rights of citizens

C) protect the monarchy against rebellion

D) decide if natural rights applied to the people

 

26.

The Compromise of 1850 included a series of five separate bills passed by Congress to address the needs of a growing nation. What did the Compromise of 1850 direct?

A) California entering the Union as a free state

B) slavery outlawed in the District of Columbia

C) a weak Fugitive Slave Law

D) no slavery in the New Mexico Territory

 

27.

Use the information below to answer the question. - The Jazz Age - The Model T Ford - The Flapper - The growth of HollywoodThese characteristics refer to

A) economic growth and prosperity in the 1920's

B) pre-World War I economic difficulties

C) post-World War II economic growth

D) economic difficulties experienced during the early 1930's

 

28.

As the American coloines grew and prospered, increased mercantilism became a main goal of the British government. To that end, they participated in establishing trans-Atlantic trade routes. What purpose did mercantilism have for the British?

A) to lessen the tension between European nations, particularly with Spain

B) to cooperate with the French government in mutually beneficial trade with the American colonies

C) to increase the power of the British government through control of the Atlantic trade

D) to establish a system of fair economic policy to allow the coloines to become independent

 

29.

All of the following were leaders in abolitionism EXCEPT

A) Frederick Douglass

B) the Grimke sisters

C) John C. Calhoun

D) William Lloyd Garrison

 

30.

Which document only symbolically freed Southern slaves, but created a moral focus for the Civil War?

A) the 13th Amendment

B) the Gettysburg Address

C) the Emancipation Proclamation

D) the Fugitive Slave Law

 

 

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Due By (Pacific Time) 05/01/2013 11:00 am
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