Project #52874 - Experimental and Survey Research




Directions: Please provide responses to questions below.  Please use proper APA citation for any resources that you use.  Your responses should be 1 to 2 paragraphs in length for each question.




1.      Outline the components of the classical experimental design.  How is it different from a one-group pretest posttest design?




2.      Often researchers are interested in investigating how multiple independent variables (IVs) affect a dependent variable.  Which experimental design method allows for the investigation of multiple IVs?  Describe how this method is used and give an example of when a researcher would use this method.




3.      How do the interrupted and the equivalent time series designs differ?




4.      Describe the testing effect and its relation to the Solomon four-group design.




5.      There are several threats to an experiment’s internal validity.  Explain what diffusion of treatment, experimenter expectancy, and demand characteristics are?  How does each threaten internal validity?




6.      Compare and contrast field or laboratory experiments.  Which has greater internal and external validity?  Why?




7.      Explain why mortality, maturation, and history effects threaten a researcher’s ability to demonstrate a causal relationship.  Why are they more common in longer experiments?




8.      There are several threats to an experiment’s external validity.  Explain what mundane realism, Hawthorne effect, and naturalistic generalization are.  How does each threaten external validity?




9.      What is random assignment and why is it important when designing an experiment?




10.    Five changes occurred in the 1960s and 1970s that dramatically affected survey research.  Identify four of the changes, describe them, and discuss the impact upon survey research.




11.    Identify four of the ten principles that one should avoid when writing survey questions.  Explain why each principle should be avoided.




12.    A basic tenet of survey development is to minimize the discomfort and confusion of answering a questionnaire.  How should a researcher organize questions in a questionnaire?  Refer to order effects, a funnel sequence, context effects, and the recency effect in your answer.




13.    Survey questions are generally asked in an open-ended or closed-ended format.  What are advantages and disadvantages of open-ended versus closed-ended questions?




14.    List seven ways to increase mail questionnaire response rates.




15.    Compare and contrast mail and Web surveys.  What are the advantages/disadvantages of using a Web survey compared to mail survey?




16.   Explain the difference between quantitative and qualitative measurement. Then, provide a brief example of one of these forms of measurement in a research study of your own design. The study does not need to be elaborate. The goal of this exercise is to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of these two forms of measurement.




17.   Explain what independent and dependent variables are in experimental research. Then, locate one scholarly research study in the field of social science, published in the last 5 years. Briefly summarize the study, and then identify the independent and dependent variables in the experiment.








Directions:This course contains a research paper.  In each module, you will work on an element of the research paper and then will submit the final research paper8.  In this module, you will create a hypothetical survey.




Step #1: After creating your outline in Module 4 (below), you will now write questions about your topic.




Step #2: Design and write 10 questions that you would ask about your topic.  Your outline should help you formulate the survey.




Step #4: Submit your survey for grading.








It is true that women are assigned lower rank roles and earn much less than men when assigned similar roles in the society regardless of ability and as a result are rank lower than men in educational, economic and professional achievement. In the following points we continue to explore further this condition and give further details about the same.


  • Employers tend to have a preformed mentality to the effect that women have an inferior role in the eventual business venture.


The diverse functions given to women and men in organizations give healthier explanation to gender distinction, incorporating the sexual distribution of manual labor in the family unit. According to King, women have been alienated for a long time and categorized as other individuals who may not be fundamental in patriarchal cultures. As a consequence, women are therefore deemed to be sheer objects in addition to being denied the prospect for self-realization attributable to the few chances and opportunities they get hold of in jobs (King, 2001).


In addition, other feminist writers give historical and temporary participation in resistance movement. Elsewhere, Saba Mahmood challenges Western secular feminism’s reliance on liberal understandings of autonomy in its characterization of Islamic religious women as duped (Mahmood, 2005).


Other writers argue that women are rendered as invisible and the efforts of white women trying to save brown women are dominant in some countries where women are disregarded. In complex ways Western feminists are complicit with and reinforce conservative political aggressions.


  • For a long time, women have been cut off from the confidential sphere of diverse family units and, subsequently, are left voiceless in matters that relate to the public sphere.


Due to this fact, marriage is a place of gender dissimilarity and subsequently, women rarely gain advantage from it as men do. Men do not have as many responsibilities as women in the marriage institution.


Without a doubt, wedded women have superior intensities of nervous tension than unmarried personalities. This is because wedded women have are permanently tied in the marriage institution as compared to unmarried personalities who still free even to get involved at the work place.


  • The sexual distribution of manual labor in the public along with private spheres ought to be changed so as the womenfolk can attain equal opportunity.


Some writers argue that the negative paradigm needs to be supplemented by a more generative theoretical framework, if feminists are to develop a fuller account of agency.


In the negative paradigm, the subject is understood in passive terms as an effect of discursive structures. This tends to overlook ideas of self-interpretation that introduce more active dimensions into understandings of subject formation and agency (Mcnay, 2003).


Furthermore, an unqualified notion of indeterminacy does not unpick the imbrication of relations of time and power that over determine agency.


Ultimately, structural accounts of subject formation need to be integrated more closely with hermeneutic perspectives of the self in order to understand better the complexities of agency in a post-traditional society (King, 2001).














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Due By (Pacific Time) 01/03/2015 03:00 pm
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