Project #54425 - Strategic Risk

Part One Exercises

Exercises 12. Strategic Risk

12-1. When managing strategic risk, is it more important to focus on risk identification or risk management? Explain your reasoning.

12-2. What is the strategic risk lesson from the Fed Ex stories?

12-3. What is the strategic risk lesson learned from the Samsung design vision?

12-4. Identify one or more sources of strategic risk on the horizon today. Does each one offer both danger and opportunity for the future? Explain your reasoning.

12-5. Of Boeing and Airbus, which company made the best decision on strategic risks facing the development of a future airplane? Explain your reasoning

12-6. Mr. Wang and others like him posed strategic risk to industrial-age organizations? Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

12-7. The book describes how the United States Shoe Company adjusted to changes in sneaker production. Search the Internet. How did Reebok react?

12-8. Identify a technology today that is likely to revolutionize the conduct of modern business and thus presents a strategic risk to companies. What companies are endangered? What strategy can help achieve the upside of the risk?

Exercises 13. Sub-culture Risk

13-1. The book discusses Ford and Toyota in 2007. How much of the differences between Ford and Toyota were explained by different cultures? Explain your reasoning.

13-2. Use the Internet to find the current status of Volkswagen. Explain whether the risk of its sub-culture has helped or hurt the company. Be specific.

13-3. In terms of bureaucratic, team, spider, or individual culture, what sub-culture risks did GoldCorp overcome?

13-4. In terms of sub-culture risk, what is the best way to view the concept of “control?”

13-5. The first step in managing sub-culture risk is to correctly identify it. From the characteristics in Appendix 13a, which is most useful in identifying a sub-culture (bureaucratic, team, spider, or individual)? Explain your reasoning.

13-6.  Some people believe that Donald Trump fits the profile of an energy trader. Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

13-7. Brooks identifies a natural cultural conflict among high school students:
• All the prestige goes to the popular people, not the hardest workers.
• Cool people do not acknowledge nerds and techies.
• Students with high grades may be mocked or isolated.

Does this behavior continue into organizations? Explain your answer.

13-8. For each U.S. president since 1992, the book matches the individual with a possible role in high school (popular person, athlete, nerd,). Do you agree with each of the following? Explain your answers.
• Bill Clinton. A popular geek, well balanced, interesting, and neurotic.
• George W. Bush. Well-balanced and dull.
• Barack Obama. Cool, calm, collected, and inspiring.

Exercises 14. Leadership Risk

14-1. A leader does not need to differentiate between bad behavior and our definition of behavioral risk? Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

14-2. Assume we are measuring management and leadership on a continuum from one to 100. The areas are:
• 1-25  Mostly a manager.
• 26-50 More of a manager than a leader.
• 51-75 More of a leader than a manager.
• 76-100 Mostly a manager.

Give yourself a number between 1 and 100. What is it? Explain how you chose the number.

14-3. Think about the previous question and compare it to the job you have or previously had. What was the job? Did you fit the organization’s expectations for someone holding it? Explain why or why not.

14-4. Some people think Jürgen Schrempp showed real leadership skills when he led Daimler Benz to acquire Chrysler for $37 billion in 1998. At first he tried to bolster the ego of Chrysler managers. When things went bad, he acknowledged reality. Thus, he displayed both strategic or situational leadership? Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

14-5. Compare the stories of Bill Gates making a decision about the Internet and Jürgen Schrempp handling the acquisition of Chrysler. Which story gives a clearer picture of leadership risk? Explain your answer.

14-6. How does the example of filling a vacancy illustrate the claim that leadership trumps management?

14-7. What is the current status of IKEA’s plans to enter the Indian market? Site your source.

14-8. Who in your opinion is the world’s greatest current leader in each of the following categories? Explain the rationale for your choice.
• Business.
• Politics.
• Sports.
• Entertainment.

Exercises 15. Life Cycle Risk

15-1. ERM recognizes that risks may be difficult to identify in different life cycle stages. What is the likely obstacle to risk identification in each stage?
• Start Up
• Growth
• Peak
• Declining

15-2. What is the major reason that change might be resisted in each of the following?
• Start Up
• Growth
• Peak
• Declining

15-3. How important is ERM to each of the following units?
• Start Up
• Growth
• Peak
• Declining

15-4. What is the lesson learned from story of Dakota tribal wisdom? Explain.

Exercises 16. IBM, Microsoft, and Apple.

16-1.  Assume you were a successful manager at IBM in 1952 when Thomas Watson, Jr. invited you to join a new business to develop electronic computers. What would be the professional and personal risks and opportunities that you would evaluate in deciding whether to make a change?

16-2.  IBM’s board waited a long time before bringing in Lou Gerstner to be CEO in 1992. Is this an indication that members of the board were incompetent? Explain your reasoning.

16-3.  Bill Gates may have been the luckiest guy on the planet in the early 1980s. He did not really manage leadership risk. Rather, he stumbled into good fortune. Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

16-4.  Microsoft continued to be successful after Bill Gates left the position of CEO. Was the success more a matter of management or leadership? Explain your reasoning.

16-5.  Steve Jobs led Apple to early success but then was replaced as CEO by John Scully. Did this move show that the Apple board understood leadership risk? Explain your reasoning.

16-6.  Steve Jobs came back to Apple and led it to rebound. Was this successful effort primarily the result of management or leadership? Explain your reasoning.

Part Two

Exercises 17. Cyber Risk Management.

17-1. Of information loss, physical assets, financial loss, and  operational loss, which one is the largest cyber exposure for Marriott Corporation? Explain your reasoning.

17-2. Of information loss, physical assets, financial loss, and  operational loss, which one is the largest cyber exposure for Caterpillar? Explain your reasoning.

17-3.  Identify a relatively-new malicious software not mentioned in the textbook. How much risk does it pose to individuals and companies? Explain your reasoning.

17-4.  Identify a cyber-attack in the past six months. Do you think it poses a totally new or different kind of cyber risk? Explain your reasoning.

17-5.  Cyber risk management poses a number of legal and ethical issues. As an example, Edward Snowden is a hero to some people and a traitor to others. Which is he to you? Explain your answer in terms of the ethical issues his actions raised.

17-6.  Does the Anonymous attack on the Bay Area Rapid Transport (BART) raise any ethical issues? Explain your reasoning.

Exercises 18. Collaboration for Effective Risk Management.

18-1. What is the lesson learned from the stories about the accuracy of Wikipedia?

18-2. What is the lesson learned from the National Geographic story about swarm theory?

18-3. Airbus was not being managed well when its Power8 program failed to include airport risks. Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

18-4. Why do you think swarm theory worked in the situation with Air Liquide?

18-5. What is the lesson learned from the story about GoldCorp?

Exercises 19. Cerberus, JPMorgan, and Lehman.

19-1.  What is the leadership risk issue that confronted the board of Cerberus when it chose to hire Robert Nardelli as the new CEO for Chrysler in 1967?

19-2.  Jamie Dimon changed the business model for JPMorgan Chase in 2008. In the process, the bank gave enormous trading authority to one individual. What are the ERM strengths and weaknesses of this strategy?

19-3.  With respect to the previous question, could Mr. Dimon have achieved the upside of the strategy without exposing the bank to the downside? If yes, how could it be done? If no, why not?

19-4.  Suppose you were at a cocktail party with about five minutes to spare and someone asked you what Lehman did with its toxic assets. How would you explain it in less than 100 words?

Exercises 20. Rise of Modern Risk Management.

20-1.  Hartford Steam Boiler gave us the proper picture of the role of risk management and insurance in the 1860s. Still, risk management did not supersede insurance until the 1960s. Why did it take so long? Explain your reasoning.

20-2.  By the 1980s, courts were awarding damages for psychic injuries where no obvious financial damage was involved. This practice should be banned by federal laws. Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

20-3.  In the 1990s, insurance companies and risk managers shifted away from historical losses as the primary means of estimating future losses. Does this make sense? Explain your reasoning.

20-4.  ERM is a workable concept for operations in countries with a respect for laws but can never work in outlaw environments. Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

Exercises 21. Evolving ERM.

21-1.  What is the purpose of the story about risk in Figure 21-1.

21-2.  Do you think a collapse such as experienced by Long Term Capital Management could happen again? Explain your reasoning

21-3.  What is the best story you can remember about risk management? Why is it so effective?

Exercises 22. Modern Risk Managers.

22-1.  Some observers see the career path for a risk manager to begin as a risk analyst, become a competent risk manager, and then finish as a strategic player. Others believe that strategic players with respect to risk do not need any risk management experience. Instead, they need an understanding of the industry. Which viewpoint makes more sense to you? Explain your reasoning.
22-2. Assume you are talking to a competent risk manager who has spent 20 years buying insurance and helping make a company safe. The individual has asked you for advice on how to become a strategic player. What would you say? Be specific.

22-3.  Some people object to the title of chief risk officer. They say the CEO is the real CRO. Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

22-4.  Others oppose the title of chief strategy officer. Strategies are the responsibility of the CEO and other senior operating officers. Do you agree? Explain your reasoning.

Subject Business
Due By (Pacific Time) 01/23/2015 02:00 pm
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