Project #56545 - History paper

Instructions

For the first paper , I want you to briefly compare and contrast two of our primary sources:  the charters and fueros which we read on 1/22, and the Diggers Pamphlet by Gerrard Winstanley which we will read for 2/5. ( I have attached the two reading ) 

In many ways, these two documents are discussing the same sorts of issues(the nature of the tributary relationship between the elites and non-elites of Europe), but from two different angles.  In your paper, I want you to identify the main issue, and describe the ways in which the two documents are approaching the issue.  Make sure you clearly identify why the approach to the issue is different in the two sources.   Finally, I want you to clearly tie the issues discussed in the sources to the larger themes of our class, to date.

 

** Added 2/4/15** To clarify the assignment further, let me re-state the above paper prompt.  One of the big themes of the class so far has been the nature of the tributary economies/states/systems that, broadly speaking, were found throughout the pre-modern world.  The tributary economy was based upon the relationship between the elites and non-elites, and the ways in which the elites were able to collect from the non-elite peasants the agricultural surplus which they (the peasants) produced.  Sometimes this collection of the surplus (payment of tribute) took the form of direct payments in kind (look it up, this is a term we have discussed in class), other times it might take the form of a tax, or a tithe, or of labor or military service, etc.  In return, the peasants usually get certain guarantees concerning their control of the land where they grow their crops. We have seen a lot of variety in different tributary systems.  In the Charters and Fueros document, we looked at how the tributary system worked in medieval Europe (or parts of it: the Kingdom of France and the Crown of Aragon).  In these cases, the tribute owed by the non-elites is spelled out in specific payments and labor/military services they owe to the monarchs.  In return, the peasants are granted common property rights to the lands they need to be farmers.  This is most explicitly spelled out in the two fueros, less so in the Charter of Lorris.  

The second primary source, the Diggers Pamphlet by Gerrard Winstanley, is a statement about the importance of common property rights.  In the 1640s, when the Diggers were active, conditions in England had changed considerably, and the tributary system was being replace by the beginnings of a modern capitalist economic system.  The interests and lifestyles of the elites had changed to the point that they had no interest in collecting tribute from the peasantry in kind.  Rather, they wanted cash, and they wanted to maximize their incomes.  Often that meant that the elites tried to re-define property rights in a way that changed common property (on which they had rights to collect tribute from the peasants and on which the peasants had the right to farm) into private property (in the modern sense).  As you might expect, this transformation affected the peasants significantly, and they had a lot to say about it.  The Diggers were specifically responding to the changes in the tributary system.  What were they arguing for and why?  What did peasants have in the Middle Ages (as shown in the Charters and Fueros) that they did not have in the 1640s in England?

Technical details:

Papers should be 3-5 page, double-spaced, written in a normal (Times New Roman or similar-- no Arial or Lucida, I know the tricks), 12 point font.  Normal 1-inch margins all around.  There is no need for a title page, or extensive headings; just your name, your section, and a brief title is all you need.

The two primary sources, as well as any other material you use, must be cited.  Papers should also include a bibliography/works-cited page (which is not part of the 3-5 pages of the assignment).  History uses the Chicago Style, and so shall we in this class.  A link to the Chicago style guide is provided below.  We will address the specifics of citations and formatting next week in class.

 

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

 

Bibliographic Data for the PDFs:

1) Charters and Fueros:

The Charter for Lorris (the first charter) comes from: Frederic Austin Ogg, ed., A Source Book of Medieval History, (New York: 1907), 328.

The two fueros (the second and third document) come from Olivia Remie Constable, ed. Medieval Iberia (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), page numbers should be visible on the PDF.

2) Diggers' Manifesto:

Should be cited as its own document/book, with no given publisher: Gerrard Winstanley, A Declaration from the Poor Oppressed People of England (London, 1649), page numbers following the  PDF

 

Subject History
Due By (Pacific Time) 02/08/2015 05:00 pm
Report DMCA
TutorRating
pallavi

Chat Now!

out of 1971 reviews
More..
amosmm

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews
More..
PhyzKyd

Chat Now!

out of 1164 reviews
More..
rajdeep77

Chat Now!

out of 721 reviews
More..
sctys

Chat Now!

out of 1600 reviews
More..
sharadgreen

Chat Now!

out of 770 reviews
More..
topnotcher

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews
More..
XXXIAO

Chat Now!

out of 680 reviews
More..
All Rights Reserved. Copyright by AceMyHW.com - Copyright Policy