Project #58748 - Personal Research Narrative

It is this research experience on which you will write the personal research narrative. 

Examining the Sample Personal Research Narrative in Bergmann's Chapter:

Note how, in the sample student personal research narrative on page 162, the student begins by providing the background that gave him interest in the topic.  He then discusses his first steps in researching the topic.  As he describes his steps in the research process, he uses expressions like, “I was astounded by…” or “This idea seemed valid to me, but…” or “…let me to wonder…” or “At this point in my exploration I have come up with a slight dilemma.”

For your personal research narrative, you want to follow the same pattern.  Describe to the reader what you thought when you started researching, what you already knew about the subject, what interested you in the subject, etc.  Then describe your various steps, commenting on what surprised you, what ideas did not seem valid to you,  what research articles you may have questioned, etc. 

You might consider your response essay, which was the first essay you wrote for this class.  The personal research narrative is, in some ways, an expanded response essay. In the personal research narrative, you may be responding to several authors while providing a narrative of your thought process and learning process throughout your research journey.



Your paper should be 1800-2400 words.   It should include at least ten sources, six of which should be scholarly.  The sources are to be cited and listed in APA format.


Additional resources:

In our class, in the e-reserves section, we have a chapter from the book by Graff, G. and Birkenstein, C, They Say / I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing with Readings. The chapter mentions various techniques to apply in stating what an author said and your response to the author. As was recommended for the response essay, it is recommended that you read through that chapter so that you might apply these techniques to this essay.



Reflective Annotated Bibliography


André Cavalcante, S. (2013). Understanding the impact of technology on firms' business models. European Journal of Innovation Management, 16 (3), 285-300.

The Précis:The purpose of this study is to highlight on the effect of positioning technology on business models for organizations. The author analyses a consortium of organizations in Denmark that were established for the platform of positioning technology. This would be then used as the foundation for innovation in many business organizations. The findings of the study indicate that companies will benefit from this platform, in innovative sectors and in the improvement of their business models. The author conducts this study from a business perspective, and argues that innovation will be much better with global positioning technology. As such, the business organizations will be able to manage innovations efficiently and effectively.

Vocabulary used in the research: Business model, innovation management, positioning technology, global positioning technology, Galileo

Reflection: This study provides the reader with a valuable insight into the role that technology plays from a business perspective. As such, organizations stand a chance of benefiting more with such kind of knowledge. I am confident that those organizations which utilize global positioning platform are more advanced in the innovation of services and products compared to those organizations that do not. This study is significant in the society in general, since it also shows how the global positioning platform can boost the international arena. The author also focuses on the practical implications of the study by showing how companies can benefit from advancements in the world of technology. Those organizations that embrace technology are better at innovation management.

Quotables: From the study, the author argues that “The adoption of a business model perspective when managing innovation is of fundamental importance.” (pg. 286) In addition to this, the author highlights that, “Innovation is not only about the development of novel products and/or services – it is also about rethinking the company's working mechanism. In many cases, a new technology enables companies to change the current commercial logic of the market, and it is usually new entrant companies which grasp more radical commercial opportunities.” (pg. 287) For the cases that were analyzed, the author also notes that “Business model extension is related to improving the existing business, and is similar to “incremental” innovation” (pg. 285) and “When Galileo becomes available, it will be incorporated into this new product, i.e. it will just be an incremental improvement of the product. All this reinforces the assertion that the companies will extend their business models.” (pg. 288)



Andre, M., & Hastie, P. (2014). The impact of technology integration on student-designed games pedagogy. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 85, 1.

The Précis: The purpose of this study is to establish the effects if integrating technology in the teaching of student-designed games. The researchers use two groups of participants under two different conditions; one group ventures into student-designed games with the aid of technology integration while the other group does not use technology integration. The researchers found out that learning with TI helped students become better managers of their assignments. However, students require a lot of training before they can become proficient with educational program aids such as Edmodo. Teaching Student-Designed Games was easier where TI was implemented compared to where it was not implemented. Students that used TI needed lesser guidance compared to those who did not use TI.

Vocabulary used in the research: Technological Integration, Student-based games, pedagogy, Edmodo, technology-based learning

Reflection: This study is significant as it reveals the benefit of using the TI in teaching Student-Designed games. Those teachers that are able to use TI perform better in pedagogy compared to those teachers that do not use TI. As such, TI is important as it enables students to be better learners and also to manage their time better. In consistency with the validity of the findings of this study, Technology Integration should be implemented in schools, specifically in the field of Student-Designed Games. This is important as it will give teachers an easier time in dealing with students. Students will also show better performance if they are exposed to TI in their learning progress.

Quotables: “The teacher had less control of students' work in the TI group”, it is also evident that “TI-group students focused on preparing their game the day before their presentation.” Furthermore, “findings revealed that TI was more difficult to implement when teaching SDG and required a high level of experience with SDG and with TI.” (pg. 1)


Paul, S. (2014). The Impact of Technology on Skill Development. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 49 (3), 401-408.

The Précis: This study highlights on the breakthroughs that have resulted due to advancements in technology. A brief review of the 21st century, the authors reveal how technology is of great importance in skill development in different arenas. For instance, technology had boosted the economy and the education system. It has transformed how people share ideas and how these ideas are made a reality through technology. The author also highlights on how technology has simplified communication, and made ideas that seemed abstract a century back into a reality. The click-and-mortar learning has been adopted, and the society continues to benefit significantly from this model of skill acquisition. All communities are at the same access level when it comes to technology, and should take full advantage.

Vocabulary used in the research: Click-and—mortar learning, cutting edge technology, high-touch instruction, vocational practices, PBL

Reflection: This article is significant in the revelation of how improvement in technology has transformed the world. So many aspects of the world have been ideally renovated, and more innovations continue to make the world a better place. Evidently, adoption of technology has resulted in many benefits and advancements that could not have been discovered without the technology. As such, the author presents a strong argument that concerns all people, despite the age. Adoption of technology in business, education and other fields has enabled people to maximize profits. I strongly agree with the author that technology has revolutionized the global arena, and brought with it many benefits that continue to transform people’s lives

Quatables: “Click-and-mortar learning, we firmly believe, is the model of the future”. (pg. 4)

“In the recent years, technology has emerged as the biggest leveler in bringing about sweeping socioeconomic change in our midst” (pg. 4)

“Vocational practices, in particular PBL models, hold out the promise of breaking the strange hold of a selective and elitist higher education” (pg. 5)

“Practical knowledge can similarly be evaluated through well-designed exercises on online simulators or in virtual labs.” (pg. 6)



Schroeck, F. R., Kaufman, S. R., Jacobs, B. L., Zhang, Y., Weizer, A. Z., Montgomery, J. S.,... & Hollenbeck, B. K. (2013). The impact of technology diffusion on treatment for prostate cancer. Medical care, 51 (12), 1076-1084.

The Précis: The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between local therapy and the technological advancements in the medical field, specifically in prostatectomy. According to this study, improvement in the capacity of therapeutic devices in the market does not increase the use of radiotherapy and robotic prostatectomy significantly. The latest developments in intensity-modulated radiotherapy does not also affect the general rate of local therapy. Contrary to many other studies that have established that technological advancements in prostatectomy increased the rate of treatment for prostate cancer, this study highly disputes this argument and goes forward to prove that improvement in market-level innovation on radiotherapy did not increase successful treatments for prostate cancer.

Vocabulary: Prostatectomy, intensity-modulated radiotherapy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, robotic prostatectomy, 3D radiotherapy

Reflection: This study is important in the medical field. It elaborates how innovation at the market level affects treatment, specifically that of prostate cancer. New technology in radiotherapy has resulted in highly advanced machines. However, these developments have different implications for different stakeholders in the medical field. For policy makers, the new devices are expensive. However, an increased use of such devices in only one region does not lead to an overall increment in healthcare dissemination. This study is an important asset as it forms a basis from which decisions about the choice of healthcare people make. In this case, I would recommend this study to patients, attendants and also health care policy makers.

Quotables: “Although the capacity for delivering IMRT was not associated with the type of treatment, increased capacity for robotic prostatectomy was associated with greater use of prostatectomy and less use of radiotherapy.” (pg. 1078)

“On the basis of our findings, a greater capacity for delivering treatment with new technology was not associated with increased overall treatment rates.” (pg. 1079)

“Robotic prostatectomy and IMRT promise decreased morbidity and increased cancer control, which may increase the palatability of treatment.” (pg. (1079)

“Substitution of radiotherapy with surgery after dissemination of robotic technology may be associated with lower costs for payers, but substitution of traditional 3D radiotherapy with IMRT is associated with higher costs” (pg. 1081)


Reich, Z. (2013). The impact of technology on news reporting: A longitudinal perspective. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 90 (3), 417-434.

The Précis: The author argues that technology use in the field of news reporting is still marginalized. According to the study, there is a greater need of maintaining rich interactions based on the Compulsion to Proximity theory. As such, despite the many studies that have praised the implementation of technology in journalism, the author looks at different parameters critically. These parameters constitutes the elements that make up a rich and indulging news reporting that cannot be achieved by social media platforms and other breakthroughs in technology. The author also argues that the telephone is the most stable technology. Reporters use telephones more that face-to-face interactions when sharing information during the news discovery level.

Vocabulary: quantitative methodology, flux, mouse monkeys, transformationists, adoptionists

Reflection: This study gives the reader an insight into the use of technology in the field of news reporting. Based on the findings of this study, it is evident that use of platforms such as social media is not as effective as the use of the co-presence techniques. For decades, the telephone has served as a great breakthrough in journalism since it is the chief method of sharing information. I strongly agree with the author that although technology has been impactful in many sectors, it is still marginalized in news reporting. This study is a significant asset in journalism and should be used so as to derive different perspectives on the use of technology.

Quotables: “Journalism is a source-oriented occupation. This means that if "news is not what happens, but what someone says has happened or will happen," then new technologies must connect journalists with that "someone" no less effectively than older ones.” (pg. 419)

“The "negotiated nature" of news and the role of journalists as "interactional experts" prioritize the use of communication technologies that enable interaction.” (pg. 420)

“News organizations tend to promote technologies only if they can increase the speed, efficiency, and attractiveness of news products” (pg. 425)

“The dominant and most remarkably stable technology (even displaying a slight rise in the news discovery phase) is the telephone.” (pg. 432)

Subject English
Due By (Pacific Time) 02/21/2015 12:00 am
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