GENERAL INTRODUCTION FOR BOTH ESSAYS: When the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in 1848, California had about 10,000 people. In 2014, the estimated population of California was 39 million people. Many factors figured into the rapid and constant population growth of California, including big businesses, big infrastructure, and big events. In post-World War II decades, California has boasted having the fifth, sixth, or seventh largest economies in the world. (Choose one of the following essay topics.)
ESSAY ONE: Growth, Mining, and Infrastructure: Analyze and discuss the ways in which gold and silver mining, oil development, transportation infrastructure including early transportation, railroads, and highways, and water resources infrastructure, including aqueducts and harbors, contributed to California’s phenomenal growth since statehood.
This essay needs to incorporate the novel, The Octopus (see the Guidelines for Novel Incorporation passed out earlier). Although the novel fits into a discussion of the railroad and infrastructure, it also addresses the side-effects of the concentration of economic and political power in the railroad owners.
ESSAY TWO: Growth and Big Business: Analyze and discuss the ways in which businesses such as oil, agribusiness, movie/entertainment business, and the businesses created or expanded by World War II contributed to California’s phenomenal economic and population growth since the 1800s.
This essay needs to incorporate the novel, The Grapes of Wrath (see the Guidelines for Novel Incorporation passed out earlier). While the novel fits into a discussion of agribusiness, it also addresses the side-effects of rapid growth and highlights the difficulties of many immigrants coming to California.
CONCLUSIONS FOR BOTH ESSAYS: Both essays should conclude with an overview of California’s rapid growth since the end of World War II.
It is fine to use outside sources, either from the internet or printed works. However, you must cite them properly using footnotes. Any reader or assigned book materials directly quoted must also be cited. If you significantly paraphrase from a website, it needs to be cited in a footnote.
Footnotes are easy to do in Word:
Place the cursor where you want the footnote number to be; Click on the REFERENCES menu; Click on Insert Footnote (a number appears at the bottom of the page); type in the citation; return to the text.
When you do this process for the next citation, Word automatically goes to the next number; if you edit and move a citation, Word automatically renumbers the footnotes
To cite a direct quote or material from the textbook, just type Rice, p. 334; to cite from The Human Tradition, just type Davis, p. 101.
To cite The Grapes of Wrath, just type Steinbeck, p. 221: to cite The Octopus, just type Norris, p. 330.
To cite an outside book or article, type the author, title, and page number/s.
To cite an internet source, put in the URL (https://www.whatever.com/), a title to the document (if there is one), and the date you consulted it.
CHOOSE ONE OF THE TWO NOVELS AND INCORPORATE IT INTO ONE FINAL ESSAY OF ROUGLY 9 TO 11 PAGES (DOUBLE SPACED)
Frank Norris, The Octopus
John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath
The Octopus and the Grapes of Wrath are classics in California history. Either novel will be part of one essay of the take-home final. The Octopus will be part of a general essay on transportation and infrastructure in California since the 1850s. The Grapes of Wrath will be part of an essay on California agribusiness and immigration.
Both essays will incorporate other epochs in modern California history, such as statehood, the movie business, World War II, and post-World War II California.
The Octopus pits the San Joaquin Valley farmers against the all-powerful Pacific and Southwestern Railroad during the 1880s. The story gives a glimpse of central California during that time, and also reflects the national struggle between railroad monopolists and producers such as farmers. Like the Grapes of Wrath, the Octopus is a muckraking novel, and Frank Norris, like John Steinbeck, attempted to clearly establish good guys and bad guys. Chapter 13 of the textbook is an historical account of the confrontation that is the climax of the Octopus, and it provides a reality check to Norris's extremes. Also see Chapter 14 of the text for more on the railroads and early transportation.
The Grapes of Wrath is a novel that spans 2,000 miles and two different agricultural worlds. Set during the Great Depression, the story offers a look at the 1930s in California, and a view of corporate agriculture. Read carefully Chapter 21 of the text "The Depression Decade." Also see Chapters 9 and 10 in the Davis book for more on Steinbeck, and for the stories of other migrants during World War II. Your analysis should discuss the economic conditions existing in California during the Depression, and connect how families like the mythical Joads were deceived into believing there was plenty of work in the Golden State.
How does Norris's description of the Pacific and Southwestern Railroad square with the reality of the Southern Pacific Railroad?
How sympathetic a group are the San Joaquin Valley farmers?
Is Norris overly simplistic in his characterizations of railroad people, farmers, and the ultimate confrontation at Mussel Slough?
How does the story fit into the evolution of transportation in California?
THE GRAPES OF WRATH
Who were the Joads, and why did they leave their homes in Oklahoma in the novel and in historical reality?
Why did such people choose to move to California in the 1930s?
What did they hope to find in California, and what did they find in the novel and in historical reality?
How does the story of these migrations fit into the history of California agribusiness?
|Due By (Pacific Time)||03/17/2015 10:00 pm|
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