Project #63147 - Sports & society

SPT 510 Midterm Exam Answer 15 questions (minimum of two questions from each module) Module 1 1. Instead of trying to define “sport,” some scholars focus their attention on studying what is counted as a sport in society and whose sports count the most. What is the advantage of taking this approach to defining sports when studying sports in society? 2. Some sociologists study sports because sports are tied closely to cultural ideology in society. Explain what is meant by “ideology”and then show how sports are related to ideas about gender, including dominant ideas about masculinity and femininity. 3. Much recent research in the sociology of sport focuses on the body in social and cultural terms rather than biological terms. This research is based on the notion that the body is socially constructed and given meaning within the context of culture. Explain what this means and list some of the issues that sociologists might study as they focus on the body as a social phenomenon. Module 2 1. The growth and popularity of organized youth sports is related to general changes in society and in the ways families are defined and organized. What characteristics of culture and family life today are associated with the current popularity of organized youth sports? In addition to using course material, use examples from your own experience or the experiences of your friends to illustrate these characteristics. 2. One of your father’s friends is known for his arguments against taxes. He frequently calls for an elimination of tax-supported programs. When he discovers you are taking a course in the sociology of sport, he says that he thinks all youth sport programs should be privatized and organized to emphasize the development of athletic excellence. Would you agree or disagree with him? Use course material and your own experience to support your position. 3. You are the physical education teacher in an experimental school that accepts pre-school-age children as young as three and elementary school-age children through grade six (about 12 years old). Using course material, explain how you would organize the physical activity and sport programs at the school. How would the programs change for children of different ages? 4. As a new member of the Parks and Recreation Department, you have been put in charge of reorganizing one of the youth sport programs in the district. You are told you have complete freedom to do anything you want. The first thing you do is call a meeting of all coaches and parents. What would you say in your presentation to them? You want to change the program so it meets the needs and interests of the children involved. 5. As a grade-school basketball coach working with fourth graders, it is your job to create a basketball program for your school and three other schools in your league. When you go to your first meeting with the three other coaches, what kinds of suggestions would you make for changes in your existing program (which is very similar to the program at the local high school)? 6. Coaching education programs are seen by some people as a sure way to improve organized sport programs for children. You are working for a Parks and Recreation Department in a large city, and you have been asked to outline the features of a coaching education program that will bring about needed changes in youth sports. Discuss what issues you consider to be important as you put together the outline. Module 3 1. You are a reporter for the local newspaper in your Midwestern U.S. town. Due to a serious budget crisis, the local school board is contemplating dropping all varsity sport programs. The board has scheduled a meeting to discuss this issue with community people. Some are proponents of the programs, and some feel that sports should be dropped to save other programs. To prepare for the meeting, you review the arguments you expect to hear on both sides of the issue. What are those arguments, and who do you expect to be the most vocal proponents of each? 2. You are a member of an urban school board. The board has just been presented with data showing that varsity athletes in the 15 high schools in your district receive higher grades than non-athletes. A group of parents is using the data to request more funds for interscholastic sports in the district. What are the questions you would ask about the data, and why would you ask them? 3. One of the resources in the course makes the point that it is difficult to make generalizations about interscholastic sports and the experiences of young people who play sports. What is the basis for this point and do you agree with it? Explain why you do or do not. 4. After reading about the problems in high school sport programs and the recommendations for change suggested by one of the resources in the course, describe which problems existed in the high school you attended during your senior year. Then suggest two recommendations that would make your old high school program better and explain how the recommendations would improve things. 5. The varsity sport program at your school (high school or college) is in bad financial shape. The athletic director has suggested that corporate sponsorships could be used to save the program. You are asked to review his proposal and raise questions about the overall consequences of using corporate money to maintain the program. What questions would you ask and why would you ask them? Use course material to help you raise issues that should be considered. Module 4 1. The “race logic” that underlies dominant racial ideology in the U.S. has had a powerful impact on the way people think about potential and achievement. How has race logic influenced what has happened in the world of sports when it comes to opportunities to participate and the way people explain the achievements of athletes? 2. After you and some friends watch the men’s semi-final matches during the Wimbledon Tennis Championships, one of your friends says, “I wonder why there are so few Black tennis players - it must be something biological.” You tell your friend that there are a number of social and cultural explanations for why there are so few Black tennis players. He asks you to name four of them. What would you say in return? 3. One of the resources from the course outlines a sociological hypothesis for explaining the achievements of Black male athletes in certain sports. Identify the main points of the explanation and indicate whether you think the hypothesis is reasonable or naïve. Explain your response. 4. Over your Christmas break, you are watching a professional basketball game with your father. During the game, he mentions that the majority of players on both teams are Black. In commenting on this, he says that Blacks and all ethnic minorities have always received fair treatment in American sports despite discrimination in other areas. How would you tell your father that this is not the case? What information would you use to back up your statements as you talk with him? Module 5 1. Feminist cultural critic Varda Burstyn has argued that the hypermasculinity exhibited in certain power and performance sports reaffirms a gender ideology based on the belief that men are naturally superior to women. How does she support her argument? Do you agree or disagree with it? Provide examples to support your agreement or disagreement. 2. There are five reasons why there have been significant increases in the sport participation rates of women in the U.S. Choose the reason you think has been most influential and the reason that has been least influential, and explain why you made your choices. 3. Representatives from the Women’s Sport Foundation and the National Association for Girls and Women in Sports have recently noted that although there has been significant progress in connection with equity issues, there is still a long way to go. Do you feel this is an accurate assessment of the past and present? Give examples supporting your agreement or disagreement with this assessment. 4. A woman has just been hired as the new coach of the women’s basketball team at your college/university. A young man in your dorm says that the male applicants for the job never had a chance because the athletic director and the search committee wanted to hire a woman. His inference is that men are not being treated fairly today in the coaching job market. In light of the course material and your personal experiences, how would you respond to this young man? Would you agree or disagree with him? Explain your position, and provide data to support your agreement or disagreement. 5. Dominant sport forms in most societies tend to reproduce dominant ideas about gender and gender relations. Therefore, when people want to defend the power and privilege that comes with being a man in society, they look to sports, especially heavy contact sports, to support the notion that men and women are different and that men are in some ways superior to women. Use the course material to discuss the notion that sports celebrate traditional ideas about gender and gender relations. Do you agree or disagree with this? Explain your position. Module 6 1. You have a 20-year old friend who is an excellent distance runner on her college track team. She has decided that if she wants to reach her potential next season she should lose a few pounds as she trains. You know she is using prescription weight loss drugs that she obtained illegally. Which of the three theoretical approaches explained in the course material would you use to explain her drug use? Why would you choose this approach over the other two? 2. After reading the material on deviant overconformity, use your own experience (as an athlete, spectator, or friend of an athlete) to identify a form of deviant overconformity in sports. Explain the origins of the deviance and a course of action a coach might take to control this form of deviance among his/her athletes. 3. You are giving expert testimony to a President’s Council on Drug Control in Sports. The council members want to know why substance use among athletes is widespread and whether they should sponsor a new drug testing agency to conduct tests in an effort to eliminate “doping” of all kinds in all competitive sports. What is your testimony? Should they test? Why or why not? Explain your response. 4. As a new worker in a juvenile treatment center, you have been asked to design a sport-participation program for delinquent adolescents. Your supervisor says all the boys in the program measure high in aggressiveness, and he wants you to organize a “nonaggressive” sport experience for them. You suggest a traditional Tae Kwon Do program, and he asks you why you think a martial art could ever lead to decreases in delinquency rates. How would you defend your suggestion? Project Title

 

 

 

*6-3 MIDTERM EXAM:

 

This is a "Turn it In" Assignment. You must answer 15 short answer questions with a minimum of 2 questions for each module.  I suggest 2/3 page (minimum) answers (not including references.)  You must have citations/references for each question.

 

Requirements of submission:  Double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and discipline-appropriate citations. Please check for



spelling/grammatical/punctuation errors prior to submission.  Be sure to review the EXAM RUBRIC prior to starting the MidTerm Exam. 

 

START WORKING ON THE MIDTERM EXAM BEFORE THE WEEKEND.  THERE ARE 15 QUESTIONS TO ANSWER!



HAVE A PRODUCTIVE WEEK!

 

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Due By (Pacific Time) 03/22/2015 11:00 pm
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