Project #65059 - Proposal Project*

3 PAGES

Proposal Project

The purpose of this assignment is to create a proposal for a product, a service, or business related to Ultrasound.

Step One

Read:

 

 

{PROPOSALS}

 

 

 

We write proposals to request something—permission, resources, sponsorship—or to urge someone to take action. When writing a proposal, it’s crucial to know your audience and to be clear about what you want.

 

Proposals vary depending on their purpose. In an academic setting, proposals are often written by students or professors to request funding for research. Doctoral candidates are typically required to submit a dissertation proposal to their committee. Businesses use proposals to outline ventures to potential investors or banks or to make in-house suggestions for improvements and projects. Each use brings with it different requirements.

 

Below are general guidelines for proposals. The exact specifications for your proposal will depend on its intended audience and purpose.

 

 

Format

 

 

 

Proposals can be presented in many ways, including application forms, letters, essays, or formal reports. If a format has not been specified in the call for proposals (CFP) or in your assignment, find a sample for a similar proposal on the internet.

 

Don’t forget that many readers skim. Make your writing visually appealing by keeping paragraphs reasonably short and using headings. Headings and topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph will guide readers and allow them to locate information easily.

 

Choose a professional, readable font and never use less than a 12-point size. If you are filling in a form and the text is too long for the prescribed space, don’t decrease the font size. Instead, edit your work and omit unnecessary words. Easy readability is essential for successful proposals.

 

Your proposal’s length depends on its purpose. A dissertation proposal is typically 10-20 pages long, whereas a business proposal is usually closer to three pages (although detailed proposals to banks can exceed 20 pages). The important thing is to include all the essential information without boring or overwhelming your readers.

 

 

Style

 

 

 

The style of a proposal is partially dictated by the audience, type of proposal, and purpose. In most proposals, however, the valued style is clear, direct, and unbiased (especially in the technical or scientific disciplines). Technical jargon and common acronyms can be used if the audience is narrow and expert, but be careful. Many proposals go to both expert and non-expert readers for review.

 

If your proposal is in essay form and is written for a popular audience, the language may be more impassioned or even poetic, but clarity is still valued by most readers. In academic writing, you need to present a logical argument and avoid fallacies.

 

 

Parts of a Proposal

 

 

 

The elements included here are those commonly found in proposals; however, not every proposal requires every element in this order.

 

If you’re unsure about whether or not to include something, ask yourself whether the information would help your readers make an informed decision about the project. Remember, too, that all proposals are ultimately selling something. Use the various sections of the proposal not only to present information, but also to build a persuasive argument for why your idea should be adopted or why you’re the best person to take on a particular project.

 

 

Title, Cover Page, Qualifications. The title should be descriptive and capture the essence of your overall goal. Include your name, date, and course name. Include your qualifications and those of anyone working on the project to make the reviewers feel you are competent to carry out the plan.

 

Ex.1 "Acquisition of Artis zeego (by Siemens) for improved Interventional imaging and workflow" Ex.2 "Funding for software for iterative Computed Tomography reconstruction"

 

Abstract / Executive Summary: An informative summary of the project in 250 words or less that includes the problem, the proposed project, the solution or work plan, the implementation method, and the significance of the proposed course.

 

Table of Contents, List of Figures, List of Appendices. These are added in long or formal proposals to help the reader find information. If included, they should proceed in this order. You may include a cover page and table of contents without including the others or some other combination of the given items.

 

Problem identification / Environmental Analysis. Also called the statement of purpose, this section explains why the proposed project is worth approval or funding. It explicitly states the problems being addressed or describes the work’s contributions to knowledge in its field. Ideally, this section should convince your readers that the problem is sufficiently grave to merit putting resources into a solution. If possible, outline probable benefits of a solution. 1-2 paragraphs.

 

 

 

The second part of this section requires an environmental scan. Using one of the environmental analysis tools provided in the module – conduct an environmental analysis of your product, service, etc. Include a visual components as well as a supporting paragraph of discussion.

 

 

Description of the project, solution, or work plan. Be specific and realistic about exactly what you will do. If you are proposing to report on personal research at a conference, make it clear you have conducted the research and explain what you have found. If you want to receive money to conduct research, demonstrate that you know exactly how you will proceed. If you are funding a project, equipment, etc, demonstrate the value it will bring short and long term. For example, proposals that offer alternative ways to approach workflow, procedure management, systems/operations, or services should provide history, challenges, implementation issues, and if this solves the current issue. What are your goals/objectives?

 

 

 

Don’t promise what you can’t deliver: the plan should be feasible and plausible. Never overpromise or inflate, but do show enthusiasm and passion for the project.

 

 

(Description, significance, methods, and problems should average 1 page in length).

 

Significance. Describe your work’s contribution to knowledge, whether to your field or to society at large. If you are proposing a technology, describe relative details that provide deliverables and solutions. Are you offering an innovative approach to an old problem or helping solve a new one? How will accepting your proposal benefit your intended audience? Will they see a tangible or measurable result from your work?

 

Methods. At all levels, be as specific as possible about what you will do. You might also address methods others have used and whether you are making refinements to their processes.

 

Problems. The problems section is different from problem identification. This section, typically brief, offers a frank acknowledgment of barriers that might impede your progress or derail your project. To offset the negative impact, make it clear that you are thinking through possible problems so they don’t catch you unaware. Give solutions or alternatives you might take to breach potential obstacles.

 

Budget. Present your expected costs and revenue (if any) specifically and clearly. Don’t hide costs or lump items together in a way that suggests you’re padding the budget or concealing something. Brief outline/overview – see sample. As an alternative, a short narrative can be provided.

 

Timeline. The timeline shows you have a realistic view of what you can achieve and how long it will take. It indicates that you’re prepared and have time management skills. How will this be implemented? 1-2 paragraphs, or a visual timeline.

 

References. Any research or literature you cited or consulted in preparing your proposal should be cited. Be aware that some readers might skip ahead to the references to see if you’ve included the most current or trusted research. References and intext citations should adhere to APA 6th ed.

 

Appendices: supplementary material or data. If including data in the report would make it too long, but you feel the information supports your argument, you can place it in an appendix. You can

 

 

 

also use appendices for letters of support, copies of surveys, proof from an Institutional Review Board that you have their permission, and so on. If the budget or timeline is long or complex, you might add it to the appendices as well. Separate out each item and label it as an appendix. Include a list of appendices with the table of contents. If something in the appendices is particularly important, make sure you have included a reference to it in the main proposal, usually in parentheses (Appendix 1).

 

In your final draft, make sure all parts fit together and that all necessary data is included.

 

 

(Modified from: Texas A&M University, Writing Center, "Proposals", 2015). SAMPLE Project Budget Outline

US$

SEED Grant

Other Sources (if any)

10 Project Personnel *

11.50 Consultant(s)

11.51Consultant 1

150$/month*10months

1500

11.52 Consultant 2

150$/month*10months

1500

13.00 Administrative Support

13.01Financial officer

450$*10months

13.02Administrator

400$/month*10months

1500

15.00 Official Travel

15.01 Travel in 7 districts

120$/month*10months

1200

Project Personnel

19.00 Component Total

5700

30 Training**

33.00 In-service Training

33.01Rent of the workshop facilities

100$*9workshops

900

33.02Handout preparation

50$*9workshops

450

33.03Refreshments

100$*9workshops

900

33.04Coordination fee for the districts

50$*9districts

450

33.05Stationaries

50$*9workshops

450

33.06Transportation for the workshop

50$*9workshops

450

33.07Per diem/Accomodation

80$*8workshops*5people

3200

33.08Info sheets

200$*3types(500copies each)

600

39.00Component Total

7400

40 Equipment***

41.00Expendable Equipment

41.01Toner/Printer cartridge

100$/month*10months

1000

41.02Stationaries

50$/month*10month

500

42.00Non-Expendable Equipment

42.01PC Computer&Printer

1500$

1500

49.00Component Total

3000

50Miscellaneous

51.00Operation, Maintenance, Repair of equipment

30$/month*10months

300

52.00Publications of the tool keet

2$/copy*1000copies

2000

53.00Sundry and communications

100$/month*10months

1000

59.00Component Total

3300

99.00 Grand Total

19400

 

Step Two

The following links contain information about the various Environmental Analysis Tools/Models to assist you in your analysis.

George Day's R-W-W Screen

PEST analysis

Porter's 5 Forces Model

STEEP

ANSOFF Matrix

SWOT (Links to an external site.) 

Subject English
Due By (Pacific Time) 04/06/2015 12:00 pm
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