Writing Project #4: Analytical Writing (parts of a whole)
The objective of this assignment is to identify and describe the parts that make up the whole. You should construct an analysis of a subject from any area of your academic life, preferably from your major. Choose a complex subject that you would like to look at in depth and about which you think you have insights to offer. In writing, analyze the topic you selected by breaking down its components, describing and explaining what they are and how they function, outlining how each piece works in conjunction with the others, and offering insights into the subject. For example, a business major might write about customer driven marketing or using technology to manage information, a biology major might write about meiosis or light reactions, or a political science major might write about bureaucracies or a particular judicial system.
Though the primary purposes of the paper are to analyze and inform, you should use synthesis to achieve these purposes. It is expected that you will use many source texts to explain your topic and that you will synthesize and interpret the information you find in source texts as they relate to this topic. Remember, there is no synthesis if you are not drawing from multiple sources.
As with all of the essays in this course, this essay is not about your position, but instead should remain focused on informing the reader and demonstrating a deeper understanding of your topic by closely looking at the pieces that constitute the whole.
In Writing Project #4, your process should look something like:
· Focus on a complex, academic subject
· Conduct library research to find multiple books
· Identify a topic that can be analyzed as parts to whole
· Identify the most useful details and relevant information related to your research that can be drawn from the source texts
· Provide a thorough explanation of important parts and how they relate to one another (Keep the writing focused on how the parts relate to the whole)
· Find more sources as needed, at this stage, articles may be more appropriate than books
Your essay should include the following parts:
· Introduction: this is where you explain why it is important to understand this complex issue in more detail and foreshadow the parts you will discuss.
· Body: In the body paragraphs, you may accomplish a strong analysis in a number of ways. First, you should define the pieces/subcomponents of the whole well. Second, you may need to describe how each individual piece is important in isolation, as well as how it is important in relation to other pieces, and finally how the piece/subcomponent is important in relation to the whole. In the body paragraphs you may also wish to use compare and contrast and cause/effect to show the inter-workings of your topic
· Conclusion: this is where you round up your essay. Be sure to recapitulate your thesis and return to the importance of a deeper understanding of your topic.
I need 7 sources and 8 page at least.
Here is an Example for this writing:
The Analyzing of a Website
The first website was created by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991. Tim Berners-Lee explained the concept of Internet, and taught people how to build a website (Cohen, 2005, p. 3). When we use the modern points of view to look over the website, the first website was ugly because there were no pictures or videos on the pages; even the font was dull and colorless. There is a fact that the development of websites is very fast, today there are hundreds of millions websites, and all of these websites have rich media such as pictures, colors, and videos (David, 2010, p. 4). Nobody can count the accurate number of how many websites in the world because this number is as huge as the stars in the sky, and the number is growing every minute. Also it is important for people to learn more about website because we use website every day in every field. We can go shopping on Amazon, get education on Khan Academy, get information on Youtube, and chat with friends on Facebook. All of these are website, so understand deeply about websites has benefit to people. The following essay will focus on the four parts which are HTML, CSS, PHP, and databases of websites, and how these four parts construct the entire websites in the world.
HTML is the abbreviation of HyperText Markup Language of the World Wide Web, and it used 30 years from the earliest version HTML1.0 to HTML 5.0 which is the latest and greatest version (Devlin, 2012, p. 4). For a website designer and programmer, HTML is the basic skill for them to master. Unlike PHP that works on the web server, HTML works on the user’s browser. It means that no matter what device is used, if it has a browser like Chrome or Internet Explorer, it can run HTML (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p. 10). An example of this that iPhone can watch Youtube on Safari web browser without Flash because of the HTML5. HTML 5 is the latest version, and the video tag is a new HTML elements added in HTML 5. Because of this element, a user can watch video or listen to music on any mobile device such as iPad, Kindle fire, and iPhone (Pfeiffer, 2010, p. 1). Besides the video element, the main use of HTML is to create the basic page for the website. PHP, CSS, and database are all based on this page which created was by the HTML.
PHP is one of the most popular web programming languages. According to an official report from The PHP Group, in the end of 2006, there were more than 20 million websites created by PHP (Vaswani, 2007, p. 2). PHP supports the function of a website, such as when we buy something, and put it into the online cart, that online cart is a function. Vikram Vaswani, the author of PHP Programming Solutions said “I’ve always believed the reason for PHP’s popularity to be fairly simple: It has the unique distinction of being the only open-source server-side scripting language that’s both easy to learn and extremely powerful to use” (Vaswani, 2007, p. 1). PHP is easy to learn and easy to use, and it also can be used in the large-scale. There are some famous websites that used PHP to build which functions such as Amazon, Twitter, and parts of Yahoo. Compared with HTML and CSS use tags and markup on the browser, PHP code runs on the web-server, and processes the data between HTML and database (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p. 10).
Cascading Style Sheets is called CSS by the web designers and programmers, and this is a computer language used to control the appearance of webpage. If a website looks pretty and friendly, there must have been a programmer who is good at CSS (David, 2010, p. 61). The CSS rules are created and updated by the World Wide Web Consortium which is an organization to create standards for the website. Through the years, beginning in 1998, CSS experienced CSS1.0, CSS2.0, and the latest version CSS3.0. Developers use this language to create diverse, and amazing webpages. Davis and Phillips said “Designers and users can create style sheets that define how different elements, such as headers and links, appear on the website” (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p. 9). This sentence shows how CSS works, and what the CSS is used for. In fact, the Cascading Style Sheets is a document that has the same essence as HTML because both of them use the different values of tags to work (Devlin, 2012, p. 116). For example, in the Cascading Style Sheets, <font> is a tag and it means the property of font, and it has lots of values like size, color, and alignment. Sometimes, the new programmer cannot identity which is HTML or CSS because they are too similar, and both of them are written in the document.
When people talk about HTML, they always talk about CSS at the same time. Also lots of books or journals about HTML always mention CSS. If the developer only uses HTML, PHP, and databases in the website, the website will be useful and each function will work well, but it might be very boring because of the lack of CSS. Like Matthew David, the author of HTML5 Designing Rich Internet Applications said in the book “The web is not a forgiving place for a designer. By themselves, HTML elements on a page look boring.” (David, 2010, p. 61). The Cascading Style Sheets was created in 1998, the first webpage was created in 1991, and that is the reason why the first website looks so ugly. Now, with the help of Cascading Style Sheets, website can have amazing appearances.
HTML, PHP, and CSS are important to the website, but most importantly, databases which were developed in the 1990s help the designer and programmer to store all the data and show the data on the webpage (Vaswani, 2007, p. 367). Also the database can store the codes such as HTML, PHP, and CSS, so big companies are willing to spend millions of dollars to take care of the data. There are lots of databases in the world, such as Sun Oracle, MySQL, Microsoft Access, IBM DB2, and so on (Vaswani, 2007, p. 368). All of these databases have one primary function which is to store the data. Like Churcher who is a current instructor at Lincoln University states, data is the most important to the website, so lots of companies are willing to hire someone who is good at maintaining databases and willing to pay the high salary (2007, p. 1). Right now, MySQL is the most popular database on the Internet and there are some reasons that cause this (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p.5). First, MySQL has a high performance and is updated by the Open Sources Society every month. As one of the open sources software, everyone can download the core codes of MySQL, and makes it better and better (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p. 6). Second, MySQL is free software. Because of these advantages of MySQL, it was used by 43.4% websites in the world such as Twitter, Youtube, Google, and Facebook (Churcher, 2007, p. 3). Unfortunately, in January 2008, Oracle’s parent company Sun Microsystems bought MySQL for $1 billion. The owners of websites are upset because they do not know if Sun Microsystems will close this open source software or not. The critics of the Internet do not have optimism for this business deal, and they agree that Sun Microsystems will update MySQL slowly because of the Oracle. Michele E. Davis and Jon A. Phillips, who are the authors of Learning PHP & MySQL, which is regard as a bible by web designers and web programmers mentioned “MySQL 5.0 provides performance that is comparable to any of the much more expensive enterprise databases such as Oracle, Informix, DB2 (IBM), and SQL Server (Microsoft)” (Vaswani, 2007, p. 368).
As the most important part of websites, MySQL has a deep connection with the other parts. Like Davis and Phillips who are the authors of Learning PHP & MySQL, state that the learners always learn these two parts at the same time (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p. 2). PHP and MySQL work well together, and both of them are open source and they have community support. Also, they are fast, and this combination does not bog the customer down with unnecessary details. Davis and Phillips also state that “the database of choice for PHP developers is MySQL, which acts like a filing clerk for PHP processed user information” (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p. 3). MySQL is easily accessed from PHP, and they’re commonly used together as they work well hand in hand” (Davis & Phillips, 2006, p. 6). The fact is people give a high rating of this combination. Besides PHP, MySQL also has an indivisible relationship with HTML. As this essay described before, HTML supports a variety of forms to the user on the webpage, and PHP give the function to the webpage. When the user types on the webpage, all of the information will be sent to the database. For Internet companies, the users’ data are the most important things. So they pay more attention on their database system (Churcher, 2007, p. 1).
All in all, websites are the main part of the Internet; they make a huge contribution to our society, and make our life easy. HTML, PHP, CSS, and database create the website together, and each of them is important to the whole website: HTML is a basic language for designer to master, PHP makes the functions, CSS controls the appearance, and databases store the data. A perfect website cannot work well without any one of these four parts. Also, the Internet will be more and more important in the future, so it is important for people to know deeply about the website because it is good for users to use better on the websites.
Cohen, D. (2005). Internet History Timeline. Shoreline, CA: Computer History Museum.
David, M. (2010). HTML5 DESIGNING RICH INTERNET APPLICATION. Burlington, MA: Elsevier.
Delvin, I. (2012). HTML5 Multimedia DEVELOP AND DESIGN. Berkeley, CA: Peachpit Press.
Davis, D. M., & Phillips, J. A. (2006). Learning PHP and MySQL. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media.
Pfeiffer, S. (2010). The Definitive Guide to HTML5 Video. New York, NY: Apress.
Vaswani, V. (2007). PHP Programming Solutions. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies.
Churcher, C. (2007). Beginning Database Design. New York, NY: Apress.
|Due By (Pacific Time)||04/17/2015 12:00 am|
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