Project #68272 - Health Care

Health Care System

 

 

The topic:

 

A common claim you will hear in public health is that “Prevention will Save Lives and Money.” Health economists for many years have raised questions about this broad claim. Certainly some types of preventive services can prevent premature deaths, but the way in which “cost savings” are defined is important in the discussion. What is the scientific evidence that various forms of primary prevention (for example, immunizations, lifestyle changes) and secondary prevention (for example, screening programs for cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and more) save lives and save in future health care expenditures? Additionally, what is the scientific evidence about other costs and benefits of prevention that has been discussed in the scientific literature as being important in the policy considerations (for example, other societal costs like social security, pensions, and other old age services)? What are the recommendations in the scientific literature about how to discuss this evidence and how to present the case that investing in prevention is a cost-effective and good investment of health care resources?

 

 

 

1.Use the 5 articles/articles attached to this guideline.

 

2.The paper is 6 pages in length (no bibliography at the end of the Paper, just in text citations), double-spaced, 12 point font, in Calibri font, with 1” margins (left, right, top and bottom).

 

 

The Paper Grading Rubric

 

 

Introduction

The introduction serves to provide a brief overview of the paper topic. Not only should the paper topic be stated clearly and succinctly in the introduction but also a context and background for the topic should be provided with definitions of key concepts, if necessary. The introduction should conclude with a clear statement of the hypothesis or thesis that the paper will present.

 

Organization and Flow

The content of the paper must be organized and flow logically.  Statements must be connected with adequate transition between topics.  Your audience may stop reading documents that “jump” between topics and are not organized.  Moreover, proper grammar conveys professionalism.  Lack of proper grammar can reflect poorly on the writer and lead to assumptions of performance deficiencies in the job.

 

Data and Evidence

While it may seem that you are being asked for your opinion, you are actually being asked to conduct an evidence-based analysis.  It is not enough to state your opinion.  Data/evidence must be presented that supports your thesis and must come from reliable sources.  For these papers, you must use original, peer-reviewed research.  Additional literature will most likely be needed to cite statements in the introduction or other sections of your paper.  Be sure to use the required number of literature citations specified.

 

Evidence must be presented in a clear yet brief manner with the relevance of the evidence tied back to your thesis.  In many cases, the studies may address more than you need for your specific thesis, and you will have more information than can be included.  Part of the “analysis” that you do is to determine what are the most relevant data and evidence.   

 

Proper citation is essential.  There are many forms of plagiarism, and you may be surprised what is considered plagiarism.  Your professional area of interest may typically use one citation style or another with not all professions using the same style.  While I do not require a specific citation style, you must choose an accepted style and use it consistently (e.g., AMA, APA, etc.).

 

Strengths and Limitations

All studies that you will find have strengths and limitations in applying the evidence to support your thesis. Good scientific writing will be transparent in presenting both strengths and limitations as well as identifying gaps in the literature and noting where future research is needed to inform the topic. Be sure to consider validity, reliability, and generalizability in your analysis of the strengths and limitations of your evidence.

 

Policy or Practice Implications

The primary purpose of document is to present your professional analysis of the topic.  Therefore, your professional insight must be evident.  This will be evidenced by how you tie together your data/evidence with your analysis.  Ultimately, there are more than one side to every issue being addressed.  Be sure to present an unbiased analysis of your topic by addressing multiple stakeholder perspectives. Also, make sure that your discussion of your analysis is supported by the evidence presented previously.

 

Conclusion and Overall Paper

The following aspects reflect how each of the specific factors above come together for the overall paper.

·         The overall intent of the assignment was met with proper formatting followed.

 

·         Your writing style and tone was appropriate for the intended audience.  Your style and tone should change as your audience differs.  Scientific writing should be professional and evidence-based. There is no one correct style!

 

Grading rubric for the Paper

 

Introduction

Does the introduction include a few sentences that set the context and significance for the paper?

Does the introduction include a clear and concise statement of the hypothesis/thesis that will be addressed in the paper?

Organization and Flow

Is the document organized and coherent?

Does the document flow logically? Is there sufficient transition between different ideas/concepts?

Is proper grammar used throughout the report and is the document readable?

Data and Evidence

Does the document contain sufficient data and/or evidence to support your thesis?

Was appropriate literature used as evidence? Properly cited?

Are the data and evidence presented in a clear and concise format? 

Was the relevance of the literature to your thesis described?

Strengths and Limitations

Are appropriate strengths of the literature discussed?

Are appropriate limitations of the literature discussed?

Are gaps in the literature described with areas for future research stated?

Policy and Practice Implications

Does the paper contain a thorough discussion of the issue?

Does the paper demonstration professional insight into the issue being presented?

Are multiple perspectives considered in the analysis of data and evidence? (i.e. Is the analysis of the data and evidence “one-sided”?)

Is the justification of your thesis accurate according to the literature cited?

Conclusion and Overall Paper

Is the overall intent of the assignment met? Was format followed?

Is the style of writing and tone appropriate for the intended audience?

Subject General
Due By (Pacific Time) 04/27/2015 12:00 am
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