Project #75396 - Religion 101 - The Far East

Your own answers - No straight out of book definitions.

120-150 words per question - minimum of 100 words per question if not enough material to reach 120 - 150 words per question. Double Spaced, Size 12, font Times New Roman.

1.

The basic principles of Confucianism are relatively straight forward.  Take one of the principles of Confucianism and describe it.  Why does that principle interest or appeal to you?

 

2.

One principle of Japanese Buddhism is the code of bushido.  There are a set of relationships defined by this code in the same way that Confucianism defines relationships in Chinese society.  What function to bushido serve for Japanese society?  It there anything you can define as admirable in this code?

3.

Shintoism is very old and its premise is the existence of spirits.  It does not seem to be compatible with Buddhist principles.  Yet most Japanese respect Shinto beliefs while identifying themselves as Buddhists.   Why do you think that the very popular forms of Japanese Buddhism have not replaced it?

4.

A principle of Daoism is that all things are connected and humans are part of nature.  Humans need to blend with nature and avoid the trap of “controlling nature.” What is your opinion of this idea?  Look at this picture.  Can you see how it might represent this idea?
http://faculty.uml.edu/enelson/daoreview.htm

5.

Understanding Daoism is really fundamental to understanding Chinese culture.  What are the main features of Daoism?  How do they act to reinforce the foundational principles of Chinese society?  (Hint: Chinese extended family.)

6

Shintoism is ever present in Japan.  There are shines and ceremonies throughout the country.  How do you recognize Shintoism?  What aspects of Japanese culture are related to this belief system?

7

The role and importance of nature and the natural world are central to both Chinese and Japanese traditional society.  Explain how this is the case but also differentiate between the two cultures.  What are examples of this in both societies?

8

If you talk to a Chinese Buddhist, there is no doubt that he or she will also have elements of Confucianism and Daoism in their belief system.  Think back to the development of Mahayana Buddhism with gods and heavens.  Obviously everything blends in the Chinese milieu.  Why is this the case?  What does this tell you about Chinese society?

9

Visit the website and read an article on one of the Shinto rituals.  Describe why the ritual is important.  What can you conclude about Japanese religion from this ritual?
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/shinto/

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Due By (Pacific Time) 07/09/2015 03:00 pm
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