Project #77487 - Criminal Justice Discussion board- Why do they do it.

Reply to 2 other classmates’ threads. Drew Maples and Micah Nissly. Each reply must be at least 200 words with at least 1 citation. Responding to a classmate’s post requires both the addition of new ideas and analysis. A particular point made by the classmate must be addressed and built upon by your analysis in order to move the conversation forward    

 

Drew Maples

 

There are many various factors that can be attributed and help explain why sex offenders commit unacceptable behavior within our society.  A lot of these factors can be attributed scientifically and with logical reasoning through social aspects, psychological and metal understanding for how an offender operates or develops in time.  One of the most major factors that can contribute to a sex offender is the social aspect and environment around them.  This aspect gets into the social structure, process, and dealing with conflict.  Through the social structure there are outside influences as such as poverty, dysfunctional or disorganized families, and low educational environments that help produce and allow criminal behavior to grow (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 85).  A child or individual who lives and grows a negative social environmental such as this can run into conflicts as such as what are considered norms in one place that may not be acceptable in another.  This can additionally cause developing behavior that fallow norms outside of what would be acceptable towards an ethically and morally sound society (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 93).  Sexual offenders may have potentially learned that their behavior was accepting in small subculture.  Additionally, this can be a learned social process where sexual offenders and criminals could potentially be created out of a subculture (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 104-105).

                Aside from the social concept in dealing with groups and external factors, there are also individual factors as well.  This is where the realm of psychiatric understanding and psychology come into play.  Not being able to have self-control by external influences may leave to an over indulgence of desire and pleasure or a sickness to continue to satisfy oneself (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 72-73).  There is also the modeling theory where young undeveloped minds may model themselves after external influxes found through social media and entertainment (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 70-71).  This can also potentially lead to developing an improper understanding and mental state that sexual deviancy and offense are acceptable (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 70-71).  Getting deeper into the human mind there are also personality layers that can dictate conflict and control over how one acts and behaves.  This discovery was coined by Sigmund Freud who found that our personalities consist of an id, ego, and superego (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 67).  In cases of sexual offenders, there may be a lack of or no superego to regulate the id within the mind, which in turn can lead to an animalistic drive and unnatural desires for inapposite and immoral behavior (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 67-68).  A very interesting point that should be made is that the superego is the most misunderstood, especially about its presence of being a moral guide and regulating the ego and id of human personality (Schmalleger, 2014, p. 68).  Although not mentioned in our reading material there may be a possible spiritual principle at play.

                In Paul’s letter, Romans 1, he wrote to believers within Rome to not only help establish the Roman church but also lay down a foundational rule to act accordingly under God’s grace (Hindson & Towns, 2013, p. 412-414).  There is a very interesting similarity that can be found about how sexual misconduct and offenses are brought up and that God let go of these people into sin.  Perhaps their hearts were their superegos had simply become eroded over time in this subculture of sins.

"Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones.  In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error" (Romans 1:26-27 NIV).

"Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done.  They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy.  Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them" (Romans 1:28-32 NIV).

Even during biblical times sexual offenders and inappropriate behaviors were an ever present issue.  To see these connections with psychology, the psychiatric mind, and sociological concepts makes for an interesting case.  Spirituality can definitely be argued for its place in the world behind human behavior and conduct, especially when it comes to understanding similarities of criminal conduct.  In lieu of this understanding, the logical reasoning of social structure, social process, social concept, and psychological mentality are how sex offenders can be explained for the way they are, develop, and commit crimes.

 

Micah Nissly

 One of reasons why sex offenders act the way they do is because they were treated the same way growing up. "Early antisocial behavior is the best predictor of later antisocial behavior. It appears that this rule holds even when the antisocial behavior is measured as early as the preschool period." (2014, Schmalleger) Knowledge is simply a tool, it is essential that this type of knowledge not be used incorrectly or abusively. If a person had this happen to them as a child it does not mean that they will abuse others the same way they were, it is simply a profiling tool and is important to understand that that person is more likely to then someone who was not abused in that way. Also both the moral beliefs and self-control of the individual come into play in a big way. These two attributes cannot be separated when looking at a sexual offender. If a sexual offender had amazing moral beliefs, and he knew that it was wrong to sexual assault or harasses anyone but he had no self-control his moral beliefs would and could not necessarily stop him from carrying out desires he has. One the other had if the sexual offender had outstanding self-control but his morals did not tell him that it was incorrect to do these things, his self-control would not be of any help in stopping him from doing a crime. Something else that must be taken into effect in the second scenario is that if a person knows the law and knows he could go to prison by breaking it and the laws go against his morals, the person will need to have the end justify the means. For example if a sexual predator has the opportunity he has been waiting for, but he realizes that the law states it is illegal he will have to make the end justify the means. There is more than one reason why a sexual offender did what they did, it is not just limited to them justifying it or not thinking it’s wrong. Some people just are not in touch with reality. "Psychosis- a form of mental illness in which sufferers are said to be out of touch with reality" and "schizophrenia-a form of mental illness in which the sufferer is out of touch with reality and suffers from disjointed thinking."(2014, Schmalleger) Both of these two mental illnesses show the potential just for a person to just to "loose it". These are the people that often get or attempt to get the insanity plea. This is one of the hardest things for victims or victims’ families to grasp in their mind. As people of the community it is important to learn about these horrible instances and understand what drove the people to do the crimes they did, because only then can the community begin to better equip not only their law enforcement agencies but the everyday citizen with the tools on how to identify people that are prone to commit these atrocities.

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Due By (Pacific Time) 07/27/2015 02:00 pm
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