Project #77632 - philo of relgion

II. Terms: this part just give me a few sentence to describe what is this. U can google that


1. Fideism –

2. Existentialism –

3. Aesthetic Mode of Life –

4. The Gap Theory –

5. Day-Age Theory –

6. Young Earth Creationism –

7. Old Earth Creationism –

8. The New Atheists –

9. Intelligent Design –

10. Theistic Evolution –

11. Geocentrism/Heliocentrism/Anthropocentrism –

12. Theodicy –

13. Philosophical/Methodological Naturalism –

14. Scopes Monkey Trial –

15. Conflict Thesis/Model –

16. NOMA Model –

17. Fusion Model –

18. Complementarity Model –

19. God of the Gaps Argument/Fallacy –

20. Fully Gifted Creation –

21. Social Darwinism –

22. Theological Dualism –

23. Numinous –

24. Natural Law Theory –

25. Naturalistic Fallacy –


 

III. Short Answer 1:

3. Does Saint Augustine think that sex or the body themselves are bad?  Incidentally, what is God’s first command to humans after the creation?  What does he believe is so bad about sexuality after the Fall?  Why does he think this?

4. What’s the basic idea of the Natural Law, and how does this inform Saint Thomas’ ideas about the purpose of sex?  What are his ideas about sexuality? 

5. According to Natural Law Theorists in the Thomistic vein, is homosexuality morally permissible?  In other words, does the Natural Law approve of, or condemn homosexual relationships?  Why?  What does his view have to do with his philosophy of sexuality and marriage?  What is the Naturalistic Fallacy, and what does this have to do with the debate about the moral permissibility of homosexuality? 

IV. Short Answer 2:

1. Are Intelligent Design thinkers, Creationists, and/or the New Atheists guilty of committing variations of the God of the Gaps Fallacy?  Explain.

2. Explain the difference between methodological naturalism and philosophical naturalism.  Is there anything in science – for example, the theory of evolution – which implies the philosophical doctrine of naturalism?  Or do you think that those who infer naturalism from science are making a logical leap? 

3. How does Paul Nelson argue for Young Earth Creationism?  How does his idea differ from the ordinary Young Earth Creationist approach? 

4. Explain two versions of Old Earth Creationism.  How is each supposed to offer a way of reconciling the Bible with contemporary science?

5. Explain the four models for how science and religion interact.  Which do you think is the best one?  Why? 

V. Short Answer 3:

1. Does Lewis think that religions would have sprung up because the ancients were unfamiliar with pain, or that they would have, by looking at the world around them, come to attribute it to the work of a good God?  Why or why not?  Where, ultimately, does Lewis think was the root of religion?  What does this have to do with his claim that atheism is too simple of a response to the problem of pain?

2. How might a dualist make sense of the problem of pain?  Why is this view problematic?

3. What is Leibniz’ Theodicy?  How does he phrase the problem of evil and how is his Theodicy supposed to resolve the problem of evil?  Do you think it’s convincing?

4. Explain the problem of pain.  How does it function as an objection to theism?  Then explain Lewis’ response to the problem of pain and discuss his suggestions about how we can better understand the terms “all-powerful” and “good” as they appear in the objection to theism.  Do you think his response (or at least the part of it that we read) is sufficient to repel the objection to theism?  Why or why not?

5. Does Lewis think that, when you love someone, you are desire happiness for them on any terms?  What does this imply about the people of whom we say, “What does it matter what they do, so long as they’re happy?”

 

Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 08/03/2015 01:00 pm
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